Crematogaster castanea

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Crematogaster castanea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. castanea
Binomial name
Crematogaster castanea
Smith, F., 1858

Crematogaster castanea casent0102953 profile 1.jpg

Crematogaster castanea casent0102953 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


An arboreal ant, this species colonized tree wounds in a field based fire manipulation experiment in Kruger National Park (Wigley et al. 2019).



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Comoros, Eritrea, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa (type locality), Uganda, Zimbabwe.
Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • castanea. Crematogaster castaneus Smith, F. 1858b: 136, pl. 9, fig. 2 (w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA (not Albania). Combination in C. (Crematogaster): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 830; in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 145; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Subspecies of tricolor: Forel, 1911f: 279; Santschi, 1913a: 412 (in key). Revived status as species: Emery, 1915g: 12; Arnold, 1920a: 488; Santschi, 1920d: 378. Senior synonym of decolor: Forel, 1907g: 80. Current subspecies: nominal plus adusta, analis, aquila, arborea, bruta, busschodtsi, durbanensis, ferruginea, hararica, insidiosa, inversa, mediorufa, museisapientiae, rufimembrum, rufonigra, simia, ulugurensis, yambatensis.
  • decolor. Crematogaster tricolor var. decolor Forel, 1891b: 188 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Junior synonym of castanea: Forel, 1907g: 80.



  • Arnold, G. 1920a. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part IV. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 403-578 (page 488, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1915l. La vita delle formiche. Torino: Fratelli Bocca, vii + 254 pp. (page 12, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 145, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Forel, A. 1907i. Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika. Wiss. Ergeb. Reise Ostafr. 2: 75-92 (page 80, Senior synonym of decolor)
  • Forel, A. 1911g. Die Ameisen des K. Zoologischen Museums in München. Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Kl. K. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Münch. 11: 249-303 (page 279, Variety of tricolor)
  • Santschi, F. 1913a [1912]. Cremastogaster du groupe tricolor-Menileki (Hym. Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1912: 411-414 (page 412, Variety of tricolor (in key))
  • Santschi, F. 1920d [1919]. Formicides africains et américains nouveaux. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 88: 361-390 (page 378, Revived status as species)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 136, pl. 9, fig. 2 worker, queen described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922k. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4 45: 1005-1055 (page 830, Combination in C. (Crematogaster))
  • Wigley, B. J., C. Coetsee, L. M. Kruger, J. Ratnam, and M. Sankaran. Ants, fire, and bark traits affect how African savanna trees recover following damage. Biotropica. 2019:0:1-10. doi:10.1111/btp.12683