Carebara affinis

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Carebara affinis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Carebara
Species: C. affinis
Binomial name
Carebara affinis
(Jerdon, 1851)

Pheidologeton affinis casent0106016 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidologeton affinis casent0106016 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Island, Thailand.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • affinis. Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851: 110 (s.w.) INDIA (Karnataka/Kerala, “Malabar”).
    • [Duplicated in Jerdon, 1854a: 51. Genus misspelled as Ocodoma in both publications.]
    • Emery, 1893e: 212 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1954a: 138 (l.).
    • Combination in Pheidole: Smith, F. 1858b: 174;
    • combination in Pheidologeton: Roger, 1863b: 30;
    • combination in Carebara: Fischer, et al. 2014: 71.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 174; Roger, 1863b: 30; Mayr, 1863: 440; Smith, F. 1871a: 331; Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Emery, 1893g: 261; Emery, 1895k: 466; Emery, 1897d: 568; Emery, 1900d: 688; Forel, 1901b: 14; Dahl, 1901: 19; Emery, 1901g: 567; Forel, 1903a: 691; Rothney, 1903: 98; Bingham, 1903: 164; Forel, 1903d: 405; Forel, 1905c: 22; Forel, 1909d: 226; Emery, 1911b: 531; Forel, 1911d: 386; Forel, 1912n: 53; Forel, 1913f: 191; Forel, 1913k: 55; Viehmeyer, 1916a: 136; Viehmeyer, 1916b: 285; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Crawley, 1924: 399; Stitz, 1925: 119; Wheeler, W.M. 1927b: 45; Wheeler, W.M. 1929g: 51; Karavaiev, 1930a: 213; Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 68; Karavaiev, 1935a: 95; Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 27; Donisthorpe, 1943d: 446; Donisthorpe, 1949g: 411; Donisthorpe, 1950a: 339; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 158; Baltazar, 1966: 257; Ettershank, 1966: 118; Taylor, 1991b: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 76; Zhou & Zheng, 1997b: 163 (in key); Tiwari, 1999: 60; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000: 330; Zhou, 2001b: 91; Lin & Wu, 2003: 65; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005: 36; Zhou, Zhao & Jia, 2006: 870 (in key); Terayama, 2009: 156; Mohanraj, et al. 2010: 7; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 50; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 51; Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 34; Jaitrong, Guénard, et al. 2016: 34; Akbar & Bharti, 2017: 37 (in key).
    • Senior synonym of australis: Taylor, 1991b: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
    • Senior synonym of bellicosa: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
    • Senior synonym of calida: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
    • Senior synonym of laboriosa: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Emery, 1895k: 466; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 469; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
    • Senior synonym of mjobergi: Taylor, 1991b: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus javana, minor, spinosior, sumatrensis.
  • australis. Pheidologeton affinis var. australis Forel, 1915b: 68 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA (Queensland).
    • Forel, 1918a: 722 (s.).
    • Subspecies of affinis: Ettershank, 1966: 118.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1918a: 721; Emery, 1924d: 212; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 79; Taylor, 1987a: 55.
    • Junior synonym of affinis: Taylor, 1991b: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
  • bellicosa. Atta bellicosa Smith, F. 1858b: 164 (s.w.) MYANMAR.
    • Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1886c: 360.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 395; Mayr, 1886c: 360; Smith, F. 1871a: 333.
    • Junior synonym of affinis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
  • calida. Solenopsis calida Smith, F. 1863: 22 (q.) INDONESIA (Seram I.).
    • Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1862: 750.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 32; Smith, F. 1871a: 333.
    • Junior synonym of laboriosa: Mayr, 1867a: 100.
    • Junior synonym of affinis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 471; Emery, 1924d: 212; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
  • laboriosa. Solenopsis laboriosa Smith, F. 1861b: 48 (s.w.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi).
    • Mayr, 1867a: 101 (q.).
    • Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1862: 750.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1862: 750; Smith, F. 1863: 22; Roger, 1863b: 30; Mayr, 1863: 442; Mayr, 1867a: 100 (redescription); Smith, F. 1871a: 333; Smith, F. 1873: ix; Forel, 1885b: 181; Emery, 1887b: 465; Emery, 1888a: 533; Emery, 1889b: 504; Rothney, 1889: 369; André, 1892b: 53.
    • Junior synonym of affinis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 72; Emery, 1893e: 206; Emery, 1895k: 466; Bingham, 1903: 164; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 85; Emery, 1924d: 212; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 469; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Tiwari, 1999: 60; Zhou, 2001b: 91.
  • mjobergi. Pheidologeton australis var. mjobergi Forel, 1918a: 723 (q.) AUSTRALIA.
    • [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of Oligomyrmex mjobergi Forel, 1915b: 69.]
    • Subspecies of australis: Emery, 1924d: 212; Ettershank, 1966: 119; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 79; Taylor, 1987a: 55.
    • Junior synonym of affinis: Taylor, 1991b: 608; Bolton, 1995b: 333; Zhou, 2001b: 91.

Type Material

  • Pheidologeton affinis: Syntype, worker(s), Ravenshoe (as Cedar Creek), Herberton and Atherton, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851: Holotype, worker, India, India.
  • Pheidologeton australis mjobergi Forel, 1918: Syntype, queen(s), Atherton, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Solenopsis calida

Holotype queen in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Cer.” (= Seram I.).

Solenopsis laboriosa

Five worker syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Tond.” (= Tondano, Sulawesi). Each worker is on a separate card with the letter “b” written in the lower left corner.

Donisthorpe (1932c) nominated specimens in Oxford University Museum of Natural History from “Wag.” (= Waigeo I., New Guinea) as type-series of laboriosa. This is incorrect as Smith clearly stated that the type-locality was “Celebes, Tondano.”

Description

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 164, see also)
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  • Emery, C. 1893g. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais. Rev. Suisse Zool. 1: 187-229 (page 206, Senior synonym of bellicosa and laboriosa (and its junior synonym calida))
  • Fischer, G., Azorsa, F. & Fisher, B.L. 2014. The ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): synonymisation of Pheidologeton Mayr under Carebara, establishment and revision of the C. polita species group. ZooKeys 438: 57–112.
  • Jerdon, T. C. 1851. A catalogue of the species of ants found in Southern India. Madras J. Lit. Sci. 17: 103-127 (page 110, soldier, worker described)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 30, Combination in Pheidologeton)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 174, Combination in Pheidole)
  • Taylor, R. W. 1991b. Nomenclature and distribution of some Australasian ants of the Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 30: 599-614 (page 608, Senior synonym of australis and mjobergi)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1954a [1953]. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidologetini. Psyche (Camb.) 60: 129-147 (page 138, larva described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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