Cardiocondyla longiceps

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Cardiocondyla longiceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Cardiocondyla
Species: C. longiceps
Binomial name
Cardiocondyla longiceps
Seifert, 2003

Cardiocondyla longiceps focol0738 p 1 high.jpg

Cardiocondyla longiceps focol0738 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Described from winged gynes originating both from Socotra Island and the Yemen mainland (Ta'izz). The workers are as yet unknown (Collingwood et al. 2004) and nothing is known concerning its ecology or biology (Sharaf et al., 2017).


Seifert (2003) - A member of the Cardiocondyla shuckardi group. C. longiceps is most similar to sympatric Cardiocondyla fajumensis in structure and body shape but nonoverlapping morphometric data and the characteristic clypeal pubescence strongly indicate heterospecifity.

Collingwood et al. (2004) - As a member of the Cardiocondyla shuckardi-group, this species has the propodeal spines much shorter than in Cardiocondyla emeryi, a character true also for workers in this species group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 12.616667° to 12.583158°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Socotra Archipelago, Yemen (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • longiceps. Cardiocondyla longiceps Seifert, 2003a: 259, fig. 45 (q.) YEMEN.
    • Type-material: holotype queen, 7 paratype queens.
    • Type-locality: holotype Yemen: Socotra I., Hadibo, 14.iv.1993 (A. van Harten); paratypes: 3 queens with same data, 4 queens Yemen: Taiz (L), 24.viii.1998 (A. van Harten).
    • Type-depository: SMNG.
    • Status as species: Collingwood, et al. 2004: 479; Borowiec, L. 2014: 47; Sharaf, Fisher, et al. 2017: 16.
    • Distribution: Yemen.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Closely related to Cardiocondyla fajumensis but size and head length index outside the range of this species. Head extremely elongated, CL/CW 1.254. Anterior clypeal margin and occipital margin convex, in most median parts straight. Postocular distance large, PoOc/CL 0.444. Scape long, SL/CS 0.815. Clypeus and frontal laminae densely longitudinally rugulose-carinulate. Anterior clypeus with profuse erect pubescence, appearing bearded. Frontal carinae immediately behind FRS level parallel or slightly converging caudad. Vertex and anterior pronotum strongly reticulate, the meshes with bicoronate foveolae. Mesonotum strongly longitudinally rugulose, interspaces foveolate. Propodeum and postpetiolar dorsum strongly foveolate-reticulate. Petiole more smooth but weakly reticulate-rugose. Lateral mesosomal sclerites strongly longitudinally rugulose. Petiole node in dorsal view globular, as long or slightly longer than wide. Postpetiole with straight or slightly concave anterior margin and convex sides, its sternite with 2 shallow, paramedian longitudinal bulbs. Spines reduced to right or blunt angles. Pubescence on whole body long and profuse. Lateral mesosoma, propodeum and waist light-yellowish brown. Dorsum of antennal funiculus, dorsal head, gaster, and dorsum of mesosoma from scutellum to metanotum distinctly darker.

Type Material

Holotype gyne plus 3 paratype gynes labelled “YEMEN: lsI. Socotra Hadibo, 1993.04.14 leg. A. van Harten”; 4 paratype gynes labelled "YEMEN: Taiz(L) leg. A. van Harten 1998.08.24”, all in Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Collingwood, C. A., H. Pohl, and R. Güsten. "The ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Socotra archipelago." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 20 (2004): 473-495.
  • Seifert B. 2003. The ant genus Cardiocondyla (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - a taxonomic revision of the C. elegans, C. bulgarica, C. batesii, C. nuda, C. shuckardi, C. stambuloffii, C. wroughtonii, C. emeryi, and C. minutior species groups. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. B, Botanik, Zoologie 104: 203-338.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, C. A. Collingwood, and A. S. Aldawood. 2017. Ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Socotra Archipelago (Yemen): zoogeography, distribution and description of a new species. Journal of Natural History