Ortiz & Fernández, 2014
Biological and ecological information of this species is lacking.
This species differs from most other Brachymyrmex species by the presence of tumuliform metathoracic spiracles (see key for image of this character), and clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli. Unique features for Brachymyrmex brasiliensis are the smooth and shiny gaster and, opaque head and mesosoma. (Ortiz & Fernández, 2014)
Keys including this Species
Brazil: states of Goiás and Rio de Janeiro.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Known only from the worker caste.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- brasiliensis. Brachymyrmex brasiliensis Ortiz & Fernández, 2014: 22, figs. 19-21, 28 (w) BRAZIL.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype measurements (mm) HL1 0.59; HL2 0.36; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.67; EL 0.11; WL 0.71; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 90; SI1 127; SI2187.5; OI 25. Paratype measurements (mm) HL1 0.59; HL2 0.36; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.67; EL 0.11; WL 0.71; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 90; SI1 127; SI2187.5; OI 25. Additional material examined (mm) HL1 0.61; HL2 0.40; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.68; EL 0.13; WL 0.73; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 89; SI1 129; SI2 187.5; OI 25.
Head slightly longer than wide. Posterior cephalic border slightly convex, sides slightly convex. Anterior clypeal margin rounded. Toruli touching the posterior clypeal margin but never surpassing it (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view). Scapes long, surpassing the posterior margin of the head. Ocelli present. Eyes located at cephalic midline and well developed with 11 ommatidia at their maximum diameter.
Promesonotum convex in profile, mesonotum strongly convex and separated from pronotum. Propodeum convex with short dorsum. Metathoracic spiracles fully dorsal, tumuliform, bulging out of the metanotal groove in lateral view. Propodeal spiracle round, separated from declivity of propodeum by a distance equal to the diameter. Petiole short, apex rounded and inclined forward.
Head and mesosoma finely punctate and opaque. Dorsum of head with some erect hairs on front and with scattered decumbent pubescence. Gaster smooth and shiny with several scattered erect hairs. Scapes with decumbent hairs that are shorter than the maximum scape diameter. Clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli. Pronotum usually with two erect hairs, rest of mesosoma without hairs. Body light brown.
Holotype worker (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo) [USNM 00757748] and Paratype worker (UFUC) [USNM ENT 00757833]: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Fazenda Barreto, 22°9'40.4712"S, 42°31'27.4866"W, 1068 m, 11–12 Jun 2011, col. T.M.S. Mesquita.
After Brazil, the country of collection, in honor of its very rich ant fauna.
- Ortiz, C.M. & Fernández, F. 2014. Brachymyrmex species with tumuliform metathoracic spiracles description of three new species and discussion of dimorphism in the genus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 371, 13-33.
- Ortiz-Sepulveda, C.M., Van Bocxlaer, B., Meneses, A.D., Fernández, F. 2019. Molecular and morphological recognition of species boundaries in the neglected ant genus Brachymyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): toward a taxonomic revision. Organisms Diversity & Evolution (DOI 10.1007/s13127-019-00406-2).