Anoplolepis fallax

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online

Anoplolepis fallax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Anoplolepis
Species: A. fallax
Binomial name
Anoplolepis fallax
(Mayr, 1865)

Anoplolepis fallax casent0903235 p 1 high.jpg

Anoplolepis fallax casent0903235 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 2.166666667° to 2.166666667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • fallax. Plagiolepis fallax Mayr, 1865: 54 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: South Africa: Cape of Good Hope (Novara Expd.) (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Forel, 1910f: 24 (q.).
    • Combination in P. (Anoplolepis): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 932;
    • combination in Plagiolepis (Zealleyella): Arnold, 1922: 589;
    • combination in Anoplolepis (Anoplolepis): Emery, 1925b: 17.
    • Subspecies of custodiens: Mayr, 1893: 5; Emery, 1895h: 43; Forel, 1914d: 249; Santschi, 1914d: 377; Arnold, 1922: 589; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 933; Emery, 1925b: 17.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 172; Forel, 1909b: 54; Forel, 1910e: 449; Forel, 1910f: 24; Emery, 1925b: 17; Bolton, 1995b: 67; Bolton, 2003: 267.
    • Distribution: South Africa.



  • Arnold, G. 1922. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part V. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 579-674 (page 589, combination in Plagiolepis (Zealleyella))
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 67, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 17, combination in Anoplolepis)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 17, revived status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1910e. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika ausgeführt in den Jahren 1903-1905 von Dr. Leonhard Schultze. Vierter Band. Systematik und Tiergeographie. D) Formicidae. Denkschr. M (page 24, queen described)
  • Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 54, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1893b. Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt. Jahrb. Hambg. Wiss. Anst. 10: 194-201 (page 195?, race of custodiens)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1922. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part V. Myrmicinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14: 579-674.
  • Emery C. 1895. Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3e mémoire. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64: 15-56.
  • Forel A. 1910. Note sur quelques fourmis d'Afrique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 54: 421-458.
  • Forel A. 1914. Formicides d'Afrique et d'Amérique nouveaux ou peu connus. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 50: 211-288.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004