Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Anonychomyrma species are common in moist to semi-arid forested areas (and are less common in rain forests). They nest either in soil with or without coverings, or arboreally in living or dead wood. Workers forage in conspicuous trails on the ground and on tree trunks. Although not studied in detail, they seem to be general predators and also collect plant juices. Some species are associated with the caterpillars of selected butterflies. Nest sizes are moderate to large, ranging from 500 to tens of thousands of workers. When disturbed, most species elevate their gasters and release strong, acrid smelling chemicals as a defensive measure. While similar to Iridomyrmex in general habitat preferences and ecology, most Anonychomyrma prefer moister sites and are predominately arboreal. Iridomyrmex species occur in drier sites and are predominantly terrestrial.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- myrmex. Anonychomyrma myrmex Donisthorpe, 1947c: 589 (m.) NEW GUINEA (no state data).
- [Note: type-locality is certainly Papua New Guinea.]
- Status as species: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 181; Shattuck, 1994: 7; Bolton, 1995b: 66.
- Paratype, male, Nadzab, Markham River valley, Paupa New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, National Museum of Natural History.
- Donisthorpe, H. 1947c . Ants from New Guinea, including new species and a new genus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(13): 577-595 (page 589, male described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Donisthorpe H. 1947. Ants from New Guinea, including new species and a new genus. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)13: 577-595.
- Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
- Shattuck S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 112: i-xix, 1-241.