Difference between revisions of "Tetramorium rotundatum"

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[[:File:Tetramorium_rotundatum__casent0280919_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
[[:File:Tetramorium_rotundatum__casent0280919_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
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Know from three queens, the two Democratic Republic of the Congo type specimens and a third collected in Gabon.
  
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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
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Bolton (1980) - This species is known only from the female (queen) but definitely represents a separate good species, closely related to ''[[Tetramorium africanum]]''. The shape and proportions of the petiole in ''T. rotundatum'' are the same as in ''T. africanum'' and both species are clothed with dense short pilosity on the head and alitrunk. However, in ''T. africanum'' this pilosity is also present on the first gastral tergite whereas it is absent here in ''T. rotundatum'' or at most represented only by a narrow band on the extreme apex of the sclerite, the greater part being hairless. Pilosity is distinctly denser on the appendages (at least) in ''T. africanum'', where the short hairs form a dense mat or pelt on the scapes and tibiae. In ''T. rotundatum'' the hairs are sparser and quite widely spaced out on the scapes and tibiae, and in general the length of each hair is about equal to the distance between hairs in the same row. Finally the mesopleuron of ''T. africanum'' is densely sculptured with fine disorganized rugulae whereas in ''T. rotundatum'' the mesopleuron is almost smooth, at most with fine superficial shagreening or punctulation over most or all of its surface. Females of ''T. africanum'' and ''T. rotundatum'' together separate from the much more common ''[[Tetramorium aculeatum]]'' as follows.
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''Tetramorium aculeatum'' females
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*Head narrower, CI < 95 (range 83-90).
 +
*Eyes strongly convex, very prominent; diameter of head across eyes 1.20-1.25 x HW.
 +
*Scapes longer, SI > 110.
 +
*Sides of pronotum and mesopleuron strongly and quite regularly longitudinally rugose.
 +
*Hairs on dorsal (outer) surfaces of hind tibiae and on scapes as long as or longer than the maximum width of the appendage on which they arise.
 +
*Body hairs elongate, fine, usually flexuous.
 +
*Length of petiolar peduncle greater than thickness of node in profile.
 +
*Palp formula 3, 2.
 +
 +
''Tetramorium africanum'' and ''Tetramorium rotundatum'' females
 +
*Head broader, CI > 95 (range 96-103).
 +
*Eyes less convex, not as prominent; diameter of head across eyes 1.10-1.12 x HW.
 +
*Scapes shorter, SI < 110.
 +
*Sides of pronotum and mesopleuron unsculptured or with very irregular fine dense rugulation; sometimes with pronotum unsculptured, mesopleuron sculptured.
 +
*Hairs on dorsal (outer) surfaces of hind tibiae and on scapes shorter (usually obviously shorter) than the maximum width of the appendage on which they arise.
 +
*Body hairs short, commonly more so less straight or only slightly curved.
 +
*Length of petiolar peduncle less than thickness of node in profile.
 +
*Palp formula 4, 2 (''T. africanum'').
 +
 +
As stated above the worker of ''T. rotundatum'' remains unknown. However, as workers and females of ''T. africanum'' and ''T. aculeatum'' each show the same basic characters there is a good chance that the worker of ''T. rotundatum'' will resemble that of ''T. africanum'' but lack hairs (or have very reduced pilosity) on the first gastral tergite.
  
 
{{Species identification keys}}
 
{{Species identification keys}}
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<!--DO NOT EDIT THIS TEXT. To update this list add or remove taxa from individual regional taxon list pages.-->
 
<!--DO NOT EDIT THIS TEXT. To update this list add or remove taxa from individual regional taxon list pages.-->
 
===Distribution based on [[:Category:Regional Taxon List|Regional Taxon Lists]]===
 
===Distribution based on [[:Category:Regional Taxon List|Regional Taxon Lists]]===
'''[[:Category:Afrotropical Region|Afrotropical Region]]''': [[Democratic Republic of Congo]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}.<br />
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'''[[:Category:Afrotropical Region|Afrotropical Region]]''': [[Democratic Republic of Congo]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[Gabon]].<br />
 
<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
 
<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
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{{AntMapsMap}}
  
{{AntMapsMap}}
 
 
==Biology==
 
==Biology==
  
 
==Castes==
 
==Castes==
 
  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
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==References==
 
==References==
*Bolton, B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 40: 193-384 (page 357, Combination in Tetramorium, and raised to species)
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*[[Media:Bolton 1980.pdf| Bolton, B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus ''Tetramorium'' Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology. 40(3):193-384.]]
 
*Santschi, F. 1924b.  Descriptions de nouveaux Formicides africains et notes diverses. II. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 12: 195-224 (page 209, queen described)
 
*Santschi, F. 1924b.  Descriptions de nouveaux Formicides africains et notes diverses. II. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 12: 195-224 (page 209, queen described)
  
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[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Crematogastrini]][[category:Tetramorium]][[category:Tetramorium rotundatum]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Crematogastrini]][[category:Tetramorium]][[category:Tetramorium rotundatum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Crematogastrini species]][[category:Tetramorium species|rotundatum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Crematogastrini species]][[category:Tetramorium species|rotundatum]]
[[category:Need Overview]][[category:Need Body Text]]
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[[Category:Ssr]]

Revision as of 07:00, 20 February 2021

Tetramorium rotundatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. rotundatum
Binomial name
Tetramorium rotundatum
(Santschi, 1924)

Tetramorium rotundatum casent0280919 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium rotundatum casent0280919 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Know from three queens, the two Democratic Republic of the Congo type specimens and a third collected in Gabon.

Identification

Bolton (1980) - This species is known only from the female (queen) but definitely represents a separate good species, closely related to Tetramorium africanum. The shape and proportions of the petiole in T. rotundatum are the same as in T. africanum and both species are clothed with dense short pilosity on the head and alitrunk. However, in T. africanum this pilosity is also present on the first gastral tergite whereas it is absent here in T. rotundatum or at most represented only by a narrow band on the extreme apex of the sclerite, the greater part being hairless. Pilosity is distinctly denser on the appendages (at least) in T. africanum, where the short hairs form a dense mat or pelt on the scapes and tibiae. In T. rotundatum the hairs are sparser and quite widely spaced out on the scapes and tibiae, and in general the length of each hair is about equal to the distance between hairs in the same row. Finally the mesopleuron of T. africanum is densely sculptured with fine disorganized rugulae whereas in T. rotundatum the mesopleuron is almost smooth, at most with fine superficial shagreening or punctulation over most or all of its surface. Females of T. africanum and T. rotundatum together separate from the much more common Tetramorium aculeatum as follows.

Tetramorium aculeatum females

  • Head narrower, CI < 95 (range 83-90).
  • Eyes strongly convex, very prominent; diameter of head across eyes 1.20-1.25 x HW.
  • Scapes longer, SI > 110.
  • Sides of pronotum and mesopleuron strongly and quite regularly longitudinally rugose.
  • Hairs on dorsal (outer) surfaces of hind tibiae and on scapes as long as or longer than the maximum width of the appendage on which they arise.
  • Body hairs elongate, fine, usually flexuous.
  • Length of petiolar peduncle greater than thickness of node in profile.
  • Palp formula 3, 2.

Tetramorium africanum and Tetramorium rotundatum females

  • Head broader, CI > 95 (range 96-103).
  • Eyes less convex, not as prominent; diameter of head across eyes 1.10-1.12 x HW.
  • Scapes shorter, SI < 110.
  • Sides of pronotum and mesopleuron unsculptured or with very irregular fine dense rugulation; sometimes with pronotum unsculptured, mesopleuron sculptured.
  • Hairs on dorsal (outer) surfaces of hind tibiae and on scapes shorter (usually obviously shorter) than the maximum width of the appendage on which they arise.
  • Body hairs short, commonly more so less straight or only slightly curved.
  • Length of petiolar peduncle less than thickness of node in profile.
  • Palp formula 4, 2 (T. africanum).

As stated above the worker of T. rotundatum remains unknown. However, as workers and females of T. africanum and T. aculeatum each show the same basic characters there is a good chance that the worker of T. rotundatum will resemble that of T. africanum but lack hairs (or have very reduced pilosity) on the first gastral tergite.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality), Gabon.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rotundatum. Macromischoides africanus var. rotundatus Santschi, 1924b: 209 (q.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. Combination in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1980: 357. Raised to species: Bolton, 1980: 357.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Bolton (1980) - TL 6.1-7.0, HL 1.18-1.26, HW 1.16-1.30, CI 98-103, SL 1.16-1.30, SI 100-103, PW 1.20-1.34, AL 1.90-2.10 (4 measured).

Type Material

Bolton (1980) - Syntype female, ZAIRE: Région des Lacs (Sagona) (Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 40: 193-384.