Tetramorium chefketi

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
The printable version is no longer supported and may have rendering errors. Please update your browser bookmarks and please use the default browser print function instead.
Tetramorium chefketi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. chefketi
Binomial name
Tetramorium chefketi
Forel, 1911

Tetramorium chefketi casent0281565 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium chefketi casent0281565 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudia Arabia, this species is relatively common and observed foraging on Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f) Wight & Arn. (Rhamnaceae). The species has two abundance peaks, in June and November. It was collected using pitfall traps and beating vegetation (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran in Caspian moist littoral and moderate rainfall montane areas.

It is a moderately common species in Greece (Borowiec & Salata, 2021), being recorded from three mainland and three island provinces, as well as Peloponnese. Workers were collected under stone at the border area between mountain pasture and fir forest.


Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Workers of T. chefketi can be separated from related species by the lack of psammophore, relatively small eyes, long and smooth scape without dorsal carina basally, coarse body sculpture and cubic petiolar node. Workers of T. chefketi mostly resemble those of Tetramorium rhodium and Tetramorium sanetrai, but SL/CS gives appropriate discrimination between them. Discriminant D(3a) function between workers of T. chefketi vs. Tetramorium exile and T. chefketi vs. Tetramorium anatolicum proves the separation (see differential diagnosis of T. exile).

Gynes of T. chefketi can be distinguished by lacking of psammophore, long and smooth scape, wide scutum, relatively narrow petiole and postpetiole, and rugoso-reticulate katepisternum. Gynes of T. chefketi mostly resemble those of T. sanetrai, but SL/CS gives appropriate discrimination between them.

Keys including this Species


This species was recorded from Saudi Arabia (Collingwood, 1985), Oman and Yemen (Collingwood and Agosti, 1996). Outside Arabia, it has been reported from several parts of the Palaearctic region including southern Europe (Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania), southern Ukraine, south of western Russia, northwestern Caucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, northern Kazakhstan, southeastern Siberia, to the east to Kyrgyzstan and Altai Mountains (Csõsz et al., 2007) (Sharaf et al., 2013).

This is a moderately common species, recorded from the Aegean Islands, Crete, the Ionian Islands, Macedonia, Thessaly and Thrace (Borowiec et al., 2022).

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 44.573° to 15.355556°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, China, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, North Macedonia, Russian Federation, Turkey (type locality), Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

Explore-icon.png Explore: Show all Associate data or Search these data. See also a list of all data tables or learn how data is managed.
  • This species is a host for the ant Tetramorium atratulum (a workerless inquiline) in Bulgaria, Turkey (Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2012).
  • This species is a host for the ant Tetramorium buschingeri (a inquiline) in Bulgaria (Kiran et al., 2017).
  • This species is a host for the ant Tetramorium seiferti (a inquiline) in Turkey (Kiran et al., 2017).
  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Aphis craccivora (a trophobiont) (Özdemir et al., 2008; Mortazavi et al., 2015; Saddiqui et al., 2019).
  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Aphis rumicis (a trophobiont) (Özdemir et al., 2008; Saddiqui et al., 2019).


Csosz et al. 2007. FIGURES 32–38. Tetramorium chefketi Forel, 1911. Gyne: alitrunk petiole and postpetiole, Fig. 32. dorsal view, Fig. 33. lateral view, Fig. 34. head. Worker: Fig. 35. head. Alitrunk petiole and postpetiole, Fig. 36. dorsal view, Fig. 37. Lateral view, Fig. 38. scape, dorsal view.


Images from AntWeb

Tetramorium chefketi casent0904811 h 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0904811 p 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0904811 d 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0904811 l 1 high.jpg
Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Tetramorium caespitum caespitum turcomanicumWorker. Specimen code casent0904811. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Tetramorium chefketi casent0906711 h 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0906711 p 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0906711 d 1 high.jpgTetramorium chefketi casent0906711 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0906711. Photographer Estella Ortega, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • chefketi. Tetramorium caespitum var. chefketi Forel, 1911d: 332 (w.) TURKEY. Raised to species: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 56. Senior synonym of taurocaucasicum: Güsten, Schulz & Sanetra, 2006: 16; of sarkissiani, turcomanicum: Csösz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007: 18.
  • sarkissiani. Tetramorium caespitum var. sarkissiani Forel, 1911d: 332 (w.) TURKEY. Subspecies of ferox: Menozzi, 1934: 163. Junior synonym of chefketi: Csösz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007: 18.
  • turcomanicum. Tetramorium caespitum st. turcomanicum Santschi, 1921a: 111 (w.q.) KAZAKHSTAN. [First available use of Tetramorium caespitum subsp. caespitum var. turcomanica Emery, 1909d: 702; unavailable name.] Raised to species: Tarbinsky, 1976: 109. Junior synonym of chefketi: Csösz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007: 18.
  • taurocaucasicum. Tetramorium taurocaucasicum Arnol'di, 1968: 1813, fig. 12 (w.q.m.) UKRAINE. Junior synonym of forte: Radchenko, 1992b: 51; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 152; of chefketi: Güsten, Schulz & Sanetra, 2006: 16.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Lectotype. CL: 990; CW: 990; FR: 370; FL: 385; SL: 810; ML: 1150; MW: 660; PEW: 360; PEH: 365; NOH: 220; NOL: 230; PEL: 225; PPW: 415; PPL: 230; PPH: 355; SPL: 135; SPSP: 230.

Figss 35–38. Medium to large size, CS 869 [740, 972]. Whole body and appendages dark brown to black. Head nearly square, CL/CW 1.01 [0.97, 1.04], with very feebly convex sides, straight occipital margin and rounded occipital corners. Eyes small, EYE 0.171 [0.165, 0.184]. Frons moderately narrow, FR/CS 0.37 [0.35, 0.39], frontal lobes usually wider, FL/FR 1.03 [1.0, 1.09]. Scape long, SL/CS 0.82 [0.78, 0.87], without longitudinal dorsal carina basally, smooth and shiny. Promesonotal dorsum slightly convex, metanotal groove rather deep. Propodeal teeth long. Petiolar node cubic in profile, NOH/NOL 0.86 [0.76, 0.97], petiole relatively low and long, and PEH/NOL 1.52 [1.37, 1.69]. General appearance coarsely rugose, ground surface microreticulate. Head dorsum longitudinally rugose and microreticulate, occiput and sides rugoso-reticulate, ground surface microreticulate. Alitrunk dorsum, mesopleuron and dorsum of petiolar node rugoso-reticulate, ground surface coarsely microreticulate, dorsum of postpetiole longitudinally rugulose and microreticulate. Polygonal striation continuous on 1st gastral tergite (see fig. 8.). Ventral surface of head with several short and few longer straight setae, arising posterior to buccal cavity (see fig. 5.).


Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Figs 32–34. Large size, CS 1121 [1060, 1180]. Whole body and appendages black. Head wider than long, CL/CW 0.92 [0.89, 0.95] with sides and occipital margin straight, and widely rounded occipital corners. Frons moderately narrow, FR/CS 0.38 [0.36, 0.40], frontal lobes as wide as frons, or slightly wider FL/FR 1.01 [1.0, 1.03]. Scape long, SL/CS 0.77, without longitudinal dorsal carina basally, smooth and shiny. Head wider than scutum, MW/CS 0.94 [0.88, 1.01]. Propodeal teeth long. Dorsal crest of petiolar node straight in frontal view; in profile, node with flattened dorsal surface. Petiole and postpetiole relatively narrow, WAIST 0.90 [0.86, 0.96]. General appearance coarsely rugose, ground surface microreticulate, dull. Head dorsum, occiput and sides rugoso-reticulate, ground surface microreticulate. Frons longitudinally rugose and microreticulate. Scutum and scutellum longitudinally rugose, scutellum more or less smooth medially. Sides of alitrunk, rugoso-reticulate and microreticulate, ventral part of katepisternum always rugulose, or microreticulate. Dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole coarsely reticulate and microreticulate. Polygonal striation disrupted on 1st gastral tergite, superficially microreticulate basally. Ventral surface of head with several short and few longer straight, or few C-shaped setae arising posterior to buccal cavity.


Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Whole body and appendages black. Head with convex sides, rounded occipital margin and widely rounded occipital corners. Head as wide as scutum. Propodeal teeth short, propodeum angulate in profile. Dorsal crest of petiolar node in frontal view with sharp, slightly emarginate, transversal edge. Head, alitrunk and waist coarsely sculptured, ground surface microreticulate, dull. Head rugoso-reticulate, ground surface microreticulate. Scutum and scutellum longitudinally rugose. Sides of alitrunk longitudinally rugose. Dorsum of petiolar node and postpetiole coarsely reticulate. Polygonal striation disrupted on 1st gastral tergite.

Type Material

Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Lectotype worker and paralectotype workers (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève). Lectotype designation. We investigated three syntype workers mounted on one pin, labeled as: “T. caespitum L.”, “Bou Youk Déré”, “Bosphore européen (Forel)”, “v. chefketi Type For”, “v. T. chefketi For”, Typus, Coll. Forel.

The lectotype is positioned on the distal end of the upper card (this is mentioned on the reverse side of lectotype label). The lectotype is in good condition, except that the left funiculus (excluding the first segment), the left foreleg and the tarsus of the right hind leg are missing.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti, D. and C.A. Collingwood. 1987. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 60: 51-62
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Bracko G., H. C. Wagner, A. Schulz, E. Gioahim, J. Maticic, and A. Tratnik. 2014. New investigation and a revised checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Republic of Macedonia. North-Western Journal of Zoology 10(1): 10-24.
  • Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
  • Collingwood C., and H. Heatwole. 2000. Ants from Northwestern China (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Psyche 103 (1-2): 1-24.
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1993. A Comparitive Study of the Ant Fauna of Five Greek Islands. Biologia Gallo-hellenica. 20,1:191-197
  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Collingwood, C. A. "A comparative study of the ant fauna of five Greek islands." Biologia Gallo-Hellenica 20 (1993): 191-197.
  • Csősz S., A. Radchenko, and A. Schulz. 2007. Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1405: 1-38.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
  • Forel A. 1911. Fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 47: 331-400.
  • Ghahari H., C. A. Collingwood, M. Tabari, and H. Ostovan. 2009. Faunistic notes on Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of rice fields and surrounding grasslands in northern Iran. Mun. Ent. Zool. 4(1): 184-189.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Güsten, R., A. Schulz, and M. Sanetra. "Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species." Zootaxa 1310 (2006): 1-35.
  • Huang Ren-Xing, Ouyang Tong, Wu Wei, and Fan Zhao-tian. 2004. Forty two new record species of Family Formicidae (Hymenoptera: Formicoidea) from Xinjiang, China. Entomotaxonomia 26 (2): 156-160.
  • Karaman C., K. Kiran, and V. Aksoy. 2014. New records of the genus Strumigenys Smith, 1860 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Black Sea region of Turkey. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences, 15(2): 59-63.
  • Kiran K., and C. Karaman. 2012. First annotated checklist of the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3548: 1-38.
  • Kiran K., and N. Aktac. 2006. The vertical distribution of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Samanh Mountains, Turkey. Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(2): 1105-1122.
  • Lapeva-Gjonova A., K. Kiran, and V. Aksoy. 2012. Unusual Ant Hosts of the Socially Parasitic Ant Anergates atratulus (Schenck, 1852) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Psyche doi:10.1155/2012/391525
  • Lapeva-Gjonova A., and K. Kiran. 2012. Ant fauna (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Strandzha (Istranca) Mountain and adjacent Black Sea coast. North-western journal of Zoology 8(1): 72-84.
  • López, F. "Estudio morfológico y taxonómico de los grupos de especies ibéricas del género Tetramorium Mayr, 1855." Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología 15 (1991): 29-52.
  • Marikovsky P. I. 1979. Ants of the Semireche Desert. [In Russian.]. Alma Ata: Nauka, 263 pp.
  • Markó B., B. Sipos, S. Csősz, K. Kiss, I. Boros, and L. Gallé. 2006. A comprehensive list of the ants of Romania (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 9: 65-76.
  • Menozzi C. 1927. Risultati zoologici della Missione inviata dalla R. Società Geografica Italiana per l'esplorazione dell'Oasi di Giarabub (1926-1927). Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria. 52: 379-382.
  • Mortazavi Z. S., H. Sadeghi, N. Aktac, L. Depa, L. Fekrat. 2015. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and their aphid partners (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Mashhad region, Razavi Khorasan Province, with new records of aphids and ant species for fauna of Iran. Halteres 6:4-12.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Petrov I. Z. 2012. Preliminary data on ants (Formicidae, Hymenoptera) on Mountain Avala (Belgrade, Serbia). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum 5: 95-99.
  • Salata S., and L Borowiec. 2017. Species of Tetramorium semilaeve complex from Balkans and western Turkey, with description of two new species of (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 62:279–313.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-51.
  • Schlick-Steiner, B.C., F.M. Steiner, M. Sanetra, G. Heller, C. Stauffer, E. Christian and B. Seifert. 2005. Queen size dimorphism in the ant Tetramorium moravicum (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): Morphometric, molecular genetic and experimental evidence. Insects Sociaux 52:186-193
  • Schultz, R., A. G. Radchenko, and B. Seifert. "A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 201-207.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004
  • Sharaf M. R., M. S. Abdel-Dayem, H. M. Al Dhafer, and A. S. Aldawood. 2013. The ants (Hymenoptera:formicidae) of Rawdhat Khorim Nature Preserve, Saudi Arabia, with description of a new species of the genus Tetramorium Mayr. Zootaxa 3709(6): 565-580.