Difference between revisions of "Temnothorax algerianus"

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*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax curtulus gentilis''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax curtulus gentilis|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =|Inline =yes}}
 
*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax curtulus gentilis''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax curtulus gentilis|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =|Inline =yes}}
 
*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax monjauzei''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax monjauzei|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =|Inline =yes}}
 
*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax monjauzei''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax monjauzei|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =|Inline =yes}}
*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax spinosus''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax spinosus|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =the most common slave|Inline =yes}} (the most common host)
+
*{{Associate|Relationship = slave maker|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Dulosis|Associate Taxon = ''Temnothorax spinosus''|Associate Taxon Link = Temnothorax spinosus|Associate Relationship = host|Locality =Algeria, Morocco|Source =Buschinger et al., 1990|Notes =the most common slave|Inline =yes}} (the most common host)
  
  

Revision as of 02:50, 6 January 2020

Temnothorax algerianus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species: T. algerianus
Binomial name
Temnothorax algerianus
(Cagniant, 1968)

Myrmoxenus algeriana casent0281810 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmoxenus algeriana casent0281810 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Temnothorax algerianus, a parasitic ant species widely distributed in northern Algeria and Morocco, is an active slavemaker which is able to form colonies with numerous Epimyrma workers. In most populations colonies are polygynous but monogynous and functionally monogynous colonies occur as well. Young sexuals mate inside the mother nests. Young queens may remain there, or leave the nests for founding their own colonies, in fall, winter, or in spring, thus over an unusually protracted period and at comparatively low temperatures. Agonistic behavior between the parasite queens in polygynous colonies has been observed. It may be responsible for the decision of young queens either to leave or to remain in the mother nest. (Buschinger et al., 1990)

At a Glance • Slave-maker  • Polygynous  

 

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Algeria (type locality), Morocco.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Temnothorax algerianus is a slave-making ant belonging to the former genus Myrmoxenus. For colony foundation a mated young queen penetrates a colony of the host species (most frequently Temnothorax spinosus) and throttles its queen to death. She then is accepted as replacement queen by the adult host workers.

The following species are known slaves of Temnothorax algerianus (Buschinger et al., 1990):


Temnothorax algerianus-JPG-Datei.jpg

Different from relatives (cf. Temnothorax ravouxi) several reproductive queens may be present in the slavemaker colony (polygyny). Workers of T. algerianus conduct slave raids on neighboring nests of the host species.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • algerianus. Epimyrma algeriana Cagniant, 1968c: 157, figs. 1-4 (w.q.m.) ALGERIA. Combination in Temnothorax: Ward et al., 2014: 15. See also: Kutter, 1973e: 281; Buschinger, Jessen & Cagniant, 1990: 23.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 10 (Douwes et al., 1988) (as Epimyrma algeriana).

References