Temporal range: Fossil only
Wilson & Brown, 1967
|6 fossil genera|
25 fossil species
Sphecomyrminae is an extinct subfamily known from Cretaceous fossils found in North America, Europe, and Asia. The subfamily contains a single tribe, †Sphecomyrmini. In addition, the family Armaniidae was recently synonymised with Sphecomyrminae and its genera and species placed within the tribe Sphecomyrmini (Borysenko, 2017). See Armaniidae for a discussion of this proposed change.
Members of the subfamily †Zigrasimeciinae were previously placed in the tribe Zigrasimeciini within this subfamily.
|See images of genera within this subfamily|
No living taxa are known from this subfamily.
|Fossil Genera||% World Fossil Genera||Valid Fossil Species/Subsp.||% World Fossil Species/Subsp.|
Fossils known from: Burmese amber, Kachin State, Myanmar (Early Cenomanian, Late Cretaceous), Charentese amber, Aquitaine Basin, France (Late Albian to Early Cenomanian, Cretaceous), Emanra Formation, Khetana River, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation (Turonian, Cretaceous), Foremost Formation amber, Alberta, Canada (Campanian, Late Cretaceous), Ola Formation, Tenkinskii, Russian Federation (Early/Lower Campanian, Cretaceous), Orapa kimberlitic deposits, Botswana (Turonian, Late Cretaceous), Raritan (New Jersey) amber, New Jersey, United States (Turonian, Late Cretaceous), Yantardakh, Siberia, Russia (Santonian, Late Cretaceous).
List of Tribes and Genera
This subfamily is known only from fossils.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- †SPHECOMYRMINAE [subfamily of Formicidae]
- †Sphecomyrminae Wilson & Brown, in Wilson, et al. 1967: 6. Type-genus: †Sphecomyrma Wilson & Brown, in Wilson, et al. 1967: 8.
- †Sphecomyrminae as family: Dlussky, 1983: 77 [†Sphecomyrmidae]; Dlussky, 1987: 132 [†Sphecomyrmidae]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 [†Sphecomyrmidae].
- †Sphecomyrminae as subfamily of Formicidae: Wilson, et al. 1967: 6; Dlussky, 1975: 114; Wilson, 1987: 49; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9; Bolton, 1994: 184; Dlussky, 1996: 83; Grimaldi, et al. 1997: 7; Dlussky, 1999a: 63; Bolton, 2003: 74, 260; LaPolla, et al. 2013: 618 (in text).
- †Sphecomyrminae as stem-ant subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007a: 555; Borysenko, 2017: 3.
- †Sphecomyrminae references: Bolton, 2003: 74, 260 (diagnoses, comments, synopsis); Barden & Grimaldi, 2016: 4 (phylogeny); Borysenko, 2017: 15 (diagnosis).
- Borysenko, L.H. 2017. Description of a new genus of primitive ants from Canadian amber, with the study of relationships between stem- and crown-group ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 570: 1–57.
- Boudinot, B.E., Perrichot, V., Chaul, J.C.M. 2020. †Camelosphecia gen. nov., lost ant-wasp intermediates from the mid-Cretaceous (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). ZooKeys 1005, 21–55 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.1005.57629).
- Perfilieva, K.S. 2011. New data on the wing morphology of the Cretaceous Sphecomyrminae ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Paleontological Journal 45: 275–283.