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Santschiella kohli
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Santschiellini
Genus: Santschiella
Forel, 1916
Type species
Santschiella kohli
1 species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Santschiella kohli casent0004701 profile 1.jpg

Santschiella kohli

Santschiella kohli casent0004701 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Evolutionary Relationships

  (2 genera)

  (10 genera)

  (9 genera)

  (8 genera)

Gesomyrmex, Oecophylla

  (9 genera)

  (1 species)

  (1 species)

  (41 species)

  (8 genera)

Based on Ward et al. 2016.

A monotypic genus. Specimens of Santschiella kohli have only been collected a few times and this species is only known from workers collected as stray individuals.


The genus is similar to Gesomyrmex: two very large eyes, widely separated antennal insertions, and scapes that pass below the eyes.  


Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps



Only known from the worker caste.


Worker Morphology

  • Antennal segment count: 12
  • Antennal club: gradual
  • Palp formula: 6,4
  • Total dental count: 7-8
  • Spur formula: ?
  • Eyes: present
  • Scrobes: absent
  • Sting: absent

Male Morphology

 • Caste unknown


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • SANTSCHIELLA [Formicinae: Gesomyrmecini]
    • Santschiella Forel, 1916: 434. Type-species: Santschiella kohli, by monotypy.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Worker. Antennes de 12 articles. Ouverture du cloaque apicale, circulaire, ciliee. Mandibules triangulaires de forme ordinaire. Epistorne triangulaire, arrondi derriere et prolonge entre les insertions des antennes. Aretes frontales presque nulles, limitees au bord interieur de l'insertion des antennes. Yeux enormes, meme plus grands que chez les Gigantiops; ils convergent d'arriere en avant ou ils se rapprochent fortement l'un de l'autre. Trois ocelles frontaux. Tete bordee en dessous, derriere, d'une arete transparente, terminee par un bord abrupt et suivie d'une dent. Thorax profondement echancre entre le mesonotum et l'epinotum. Ce dernier bossu, arme de deux epines a sa face declive. Petiole surmonte d’un noeud tres epais, qui est tronque et borde derriere. Gesier inconnu.


  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 109, Santschiella in Formicinae Gesomyrmecini)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 48, Santschiella in Formicinae, Santschiellini)
  • Forel, A. 1916. Fourmis du Congo et d'autres provenances récoltées par MM. Hermann Kohl, Luja, Mayné, etc. Rev. Suisse Zool. 24: 397-460 (page 434, Santschiella as genus)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 232, Santschiella in Camponotinae, Santschiellini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 694, 928, Santschiella in Formicinae, Santschiellini)