Pupal cocoons

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Presence and absence of pupal cocoons in ants.

Subfamily Cocoons Source Notes
Agroecomyrmecinae Uncertain
Amblyoponinae Present Brady & Ward, 2005 Reported as absent in Amblyopone (Mann, 1919) but this is an exception as most Amblyopone species (and close relatives) have cocoons (Brady & Ward, 2005)
Aneuretinae Present
Dolichoderinae Absent
Dorylinae Polymorphic Brady & Ward, 2005 Present in Cerapachys (and close relatives), Eciton, Labidus and Nomamyrmex, absent in Aenictus, Dorylus, Neivamyrmex (Brady & Ward, 2005)
Ectatomminae Present Brady & Ward, 2005
Formicinae Polymorphic Absent in nest weaving species, sporadically absent in Lasius and Formica, absent in Prenolepis and Nylanderia (Trager, 1984)
Heteroponerinae Uncertain
Leptanillinae Absent Masuko, 1990 Anomalomyrmini uncertain
Martialinae Uncertain
Myrmeciinae Present Brady & Ward, 2005
Myrmicinae Absent
Paraponerinae Present Brady & Ward, 2005
Ponerinae Polymorphic Absent in Hypoponera (Taylor, 1967) and most Ponera (Baroni Urbani et al., 1992), present in Ponera coarctata
Proceratiinae Absent Emery, 1910; Taylor, 1965
Pseudomyrmecinae Absent

Distribution of pupal cocoons across the ant subfamilies

Colour codes: Uncertain, Present, Absent, Polymorphic. See Phylogeny of Formicidae for details on the relationships among subfamilies.



















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