Difference between revisions of "Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus"

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*''[[Pseudomyrma peltata]]'' Menozzi, 1927
 
*''[[Pseudomyrma peltata]]'' Menozzi, 1927
 
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An acacia-ant that is has a mutualistic relationship with ''[[Myrmecophytes#Acacia|Vachellia]]'' trees.
  
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
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==References==
 
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*Amador-Vargas, S. Plant killing by Neotropical acacia ants: ecology, decision-making, and head morphology. Biotropica. 8. doi:[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/btp.12695 10.1111/btp.12695]
 
*Emery, C. 1890b.  Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)(10): 55-76 (page 64, pl. 6, fig. 3 worker, queen described)
 
*Emery, C. 1890b.  Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (6)(10): 55-76 (page 64, pl. 6, fig. 3 worker, queen described)
 
*Emery, C. 1894l.  Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. An. Mus. Nac. Costa Rica 1888- 1889: 45-64 (page 52, also described as new)
 
*Emery, C. 1894l.  Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. An. Mus. Nac. Costa Rica 1888- 1889: 45-64 (page 52, also described as new)
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[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Pseudomyrmecinae]][[category:Pseudomyrmex]][[category:Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Pseudomyrmecinae]][[category:Pseudomyrmex]][[category:Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus]]
 
[[category:Pseudomyrmecinae species]][[category:Pseudomyrmex species|nigrocinctus]]
 
[[category:Pseudomyrmecinae species]][[category:Pseudomyrmex species|nigrocinctus]]
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Revision as of 17:22, 7 October 2019

Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Species group: ferrugineus
Species: P. nigrocinctus
Binomial name
Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus
(Emery, 1890)

Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus casent0005795 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex nigrocinctus casent0005795 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

An acacia-ant that is has a mutualistic relationship with Vachellia trees.

Identification

Ward (1993) - Workers and queens of P. nigrocinctus are easily distinguished from all other acacia ants, except Pseudomyrmex particeps (see below), by their small size (HW < 0.86 in both castes), elongate head in the worker (worker CI < 0.85), and narrow petiole and postpetiole (worker PWI3 0.50, worker PPWI 1.30, queen PWI2 0.57-0.63). The orange color and short eyes are also characteristic.

Distribution

Guatemala to Costa Rica, with most records coming from the southern end of its range.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality), El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Nicaragua, Suriname.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Ward (1993) - Colonies are monogynous, and have been collected from Acacia collinsii, A. cornigera and A. hindsii. Records from Acacia gentlei and A. globulifera (Beulig & Janzen 1969: 59) need to be confirmed because of possible confusion with Pseudomyrmex peperi. Janzen's (1967b) observations on "P. nigrocincta" in Mexico refer to P. peperi. On the other hand descriptions of the biology and behavior of P. nigrocinctus in Costa Rica (Janzen 1973, 1974, 1975, 1983; Beulig & Janzen 1969) are reliably attributed to P. nigrocinctus.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigrocinctus. Pseudomyrma nigrocincta Emery, 1890b: 64, pl. 6, fig. 3 (w.q.) COSTA RICA. [Also described as new by Emery, 1894k: 52.] Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 221. Senior synonym of alfari, bicincta, peltata: Ward, 1993: 144.
  • alfari. Pseudomyrma alfari Forel, 1906d: 228 (w.) COSTA RICA. Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 215. Junior synonym of nigrocinctus: Ward, 1993: 145.
  • bicincta. Pseudomyrma nigrocincta var. bicincta Santschi, 1922b: 347 (w.) COSTA RICA. Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 221. Junior synonym of nigrocinctus: Ward, 1993: 145.
  • peltata. Pseudomyrma peltata Menozzi, 1927c: 273, fig. 2 (w.m.) COSTA RICA. Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972a: 222. Junior synonym of nigrocinctus: Ward, 1993: 145.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Ward (1993) - Worker measurements (n =21). —HL 0.89- 1.08, HW 0.74-0.85, MFC 0.035-0.051 , CI 0.75-0.84, REL 0.40-0.45, REL2 0.51-0.56, OOI 1.39-2.76, VI 0.62-0.78, FCI 0.044-0.065, SI 0.44-0.48, SI2 0.81-0.89, NI 0.58-0.64, PLI 0.59-0.68, PWI 0.49-0.61, PPWI 1.10-1.30.

Worker diagnosis. —Small species with elongate head and short eyes (REL O.45, REL2 0.56, EL/LHT 0.61). Palp formula 5,3. Median clypeal lobe rather narrow, its surface and anterior margin convex. Frontal carinae separated by about basal scape width (FCI 0.055). Metanotal groove well marked; basal and declivitous faces of Propodeum subequal. Petiole short (PLI > 0.57), its anterior peduncle broad in dorsal view (PWI3 0.50-0.61) and not well differentiated from the node. Petiole lacking expanded posterolateral corners. Postpetiole less broad than in most other species in the P. ferrugineus group (see PPWI values). Head densely punctulate and subopaque, becoming sublucid posteriorly where the punctulae are separated by shiny interspaces. Mesosoma punctulate to (laterally) coriarious-imbricate, sublucid, becoming subopaque on the propodeum. Standing pilosity moderately common; pubescence dense and closely appressed. Orange-brown, often with anterolateral fuscous patches on abdominal tergite IV (these form a distinct transverse black band in queens).

Type Material

Ward (1993):

Syntype workers, queens, males, Alajuela, Costa Rica (A. Alfaro) (The Natural History Museum, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève) [Examined]. One syntype worker from MCSN here designated LECTOTYPE.

Pseudomyrma alfari Forel 1906:228. Two syntype workers, Tivives, embouchure de Jesus-Maria, Costa Rica (A. Alfaro) (MHNG) [Examined]. One syntype here designated LECTOTYPE.

Pseudomyrma nigrocinta var. bicincta Santschi 1922: 347. Syntype workers, Costa Rica (MHNG, NHMB) [Examined]. One syntype from NHMB here designated LECTOTYPE.

Pseudomyrma peltata Menozzi 1927a:273. Three syntype workers, San Jose, Costa Rica (H. Schmidt) (NHMB) [Examined].

References