Procryptocerus impressus

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Procryptocerus impressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Procryptocerus
Species: P. impressus
Binomial name
Procryptocerus impressus
Forel, 1899

Procryptocerus impressus casent0900226 p 1 high.jpg

Procryptocerus impressus casent0900226 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species inhabits primary rainforest, where workers are encountered on low vegetation and in treefalls. In Costa Rica, it is sympatric with the very similar Procryptocerus paleatus and Procryptocerus tortuguero. (Longino and Snelling 2002)


Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 10.97302778° to -0.6364°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • impressus. Procryptocerus puncticeps r. impressus Forel, 1899c: 47 (w.q.) PANAMA. Subspecies of subpilosus: Forel, 1911e: 263. Junior synonym of subpilosus: Kempf, 1963c: 435. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Longino & Snelling, 2002: 17.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Longino and Snelling (2002) - (n = 1, Costa Rica): HW 1.499, HL 1.405, SL 0.805, EL 0.354, MeL 1.611, MeW 1.078, PrW 0.770, PrL 0.476, PrS 0.225, PrT 0.702, MTL 0.961, MFL 1.011, MFW 0.394, PtL 0.462, PtW 0.425, PpW 0.569, PtH 0.415, AL 1.672, AW 1.4751.

Head subcircular, tending to triangular; vertex concave, strongly differentiated from face by vertex margin, which is entire and coarsely crenate; face evenly convex; clypeus little differentiated from face, curving ventrad but not sharply so, following general curve of face in lateral view; anteromedian portion of clypeus slightly impressed, with a discrete tuft of golden setae; frontal carina thickened and laterally flattened just posterior to torulus, ending on dorsum of torulus; vertex completely smooth and shining or with 2–3 obscure rugae medially; face very shallowly sculptured with a mixture of somewhat irregularly distributed, large foveae (these reminiscent of lunar craters) and fine, irregular, longitudinal rugae, rugae stronger near occipital border; interspaces very finely and superficially microareolate; sculpture on clypeus similar to that on face, but with foveae more obscure; genae and mandibles coarsely longitudinally striate; scapes with a flanged skirt at base, partially covering neck and condyle; base of scape above skirt subterete, expanding distally to a broad, flat apex; scape finely and superficially microareolate, like interspaces of face.

Promesonotum in dorsal view with rounded anterior margin, straight to somewhat convex sides which converge to base of propodeum; in lateral view, mesonotum slopes throughout entire length to deep propodeal suture; lateral lobes of mesonotum in the form of horizontal flanges which are blunt, posteriorly directed, and project over the propodeal suture, such that in side view their vertically concave posteroventral margins obscure the median portion of the suture; dorsal face of propodeum with produced lateral lobes which extend about half the length of the dorsal face; posterior border of lobes subrectangular, tooth-like, to gently rounded; propodeal spines about 0.4 times length of dorsal face; posterior face of propodeum perpendicular to dorsal face, concave, and completely smooth and shining; entire dorsal surface of mesosoma longitudinally striate; sides of pronotum flat to concave, meeting dorsal face at distinct angle; lateral face with coarse longitudinal striae on lower half, extending onto anepisternum, and onto metapleural region of propodeum; rest of side smooth and shining, superficially, finely microareolate; femora very strongly swollen, spindleshaped; forefemur compressed, flattened; exterior surfaces of tibiae coarsely rugose; distal half of posterior face of forefemur weakly rugose, rest of legs smooth and shining.

Petiole short and squat, anterior face completely smooth and shining, posterior face and dorsum of postpetiole longitudinally striate, but striae nearly effaced by dense, coarse, piligerous puncta; first gastral tergite longitudinally striate throughout, striae slightly irregular, occasionally anastomosing; interspaces microareolate, giving a subopaque or granular appearance to gaster; longitudinal striae on second gastral tergite variably developed; first gastral sternite subopaque to somewhat shiny, with microareolate sculpture becoming denser near lateral margins; lateral margins with a few faint rugulae. Setae very dense and conspicuous; setae present on legs, mandibles, scapes, lateral and posterior margins of face (absent on disc), entire mesosomal dorsum, petiole, postpetiole, and gaster; setae all stiff, those on dorsal surfaces strongly flattened (although always linear, never spatulate), suberect to decumbent; those on first gastral tergite dense enough to obscure the underlying sculpture; setae which lie on the same longitudinal line on first gastral tergite overlap up to half their length; setae on first gastral sternite abundant, subdecumbent, thinner than those on dorsum; integument entirely black, setae yellowish-white.


Longino and Snelling (2002) - (n = 1, Costa Rica, barcode: LACMENT 141585): HW 1.641, HL 1.563, SL 0.834, EL 0.429, MeL 2.147, MeW 1.307, MTL 1.097, MFL 1.147, MFW 0.415, PtL 0.593, PtW 0.480, PpW 0.650, PtH 0.472, AL 2.004, AW 1.661, ASW 0.030.

Similar to worker in most respects; face uniformly, sparsely foveate, foveae small, interspaces two times or more fovea diameter, interspaces with micro-areolate sculpture; no interspersed rugae (in contrast to the workers, which have a mixture of foveae and faint rugae); pronotum foveate laterally, each fovea with stiff, flattened seta, pronotum smooth medially with a few small foveae; mesoscutum, axillae, and scutellum with a mixture of foveae and longitudinal striae; relatively sparse setae on mesoscutum, axillae, and scutellum; dorsal face of propodeum longitudinally striate.

Type Material

Longino and Snelling (2002) - Syntype worker, queen: Panama, Bugaba (Champion) The Natural History Museum (examined, worker here designated lectotype, queen paralectotype).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Kempf W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 22:1-244
  • Longino J. T. and Snelling R. R. 2002. A taxonomic revision of the Procryptocerus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Central America. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 495: 1-30
  • Longino J. T., J. Coddington, and R. K. Colwell. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83: 689-702.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at