Difference between revisions of "Plagiolepis pallescens"

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[[:File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906084_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
[[:File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906084_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
+
|synonyms =
 +
*''[[Plagiolepis maura ancyrensis]]'' Santschi, 1920
 +
*''[[Plagiolepis barbara pyrenaica]]'' Emery, 1921
 +
*''[[Plagiolepis satunini]]'' Karavaiev, 1931
 +
*''[[Plagiolepis maura taurica]]'' Santschi, 1920
 +
*''[[Plagiolepis vindobonensis]]'' Lomnicki, 1925
 
|subdivision_ranks = Subspecies
 
|subdivision_ranks = Subspecies
 
|subdivision =
 
|subdivision =
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*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens isis]]'' Santschi, 1938
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens isis]]'' Santschi, 1938
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens kabyla]]'' Santschi, 1920
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens kabyla]]'' Santschi, 1920
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens maura]]'' Santschi, 1920
 
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens polygyna]]'' Santschi, 1922
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens polygyna]]'' Santschi, 1922
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens sordida]]'' Santschi, 1920
 
*''[[Plagiolepis pallescens sordida]]'' Santschi, 1920
 
 
}}
 
}}
 +
This minute species lives in small isolated colonies nesting under flat stones usually with several queens (Collingwood 1979). In Russia it occurs in steppe habitats on rocky slopes with nests in soil (Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007).
 
{{At a Glance
 
{{At a Glance
 
|Item1 = Ergatoid queen
 
|Item1 = Ergatoid queen
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<!--DO NOT EDIT THIS TEXT. To update this list add or remove taxa from individual regional taxon list pages.-->
 
<!--DO NOT EDIT THIS TEXT. To update this list add or remove taxa from individual regional taxon list pages.-->
 
===Distribution based on [[:Category:Regional Taxon List|Regional Taxon Lists]]===
 
===Distribution based on [[:Category:Regional Taxon List|Regional Taxon Lists]]===
'''[[:Category:Palaearctic Region|Palaearctic Region]]''': [[Armenia]], [[China]], [[Greece]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[Hungary]], [[Iran]], [[Israel]], [[Kyrgyzstan]].<br />
+
'''[[:Category:Palaearctic Region|Palaearctic Region]]''': [[Albania]], [[Armenia]], [[Austria]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[Belgium]], [[Bulgaria]], [[Channel Islands]], [[China]], [[Croatia]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea]], [[France]], [[Germany]], [[Greece]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[Hungary]], [[Iran]], [[Israel]], [[Kyrgyzstan]], [[Mongolia]], [[Montenegro]], [[Republic of Korea]], [[Romania]], [[Russian Federation]], [[Slovenia]], [[Spain]], [[Switzerland]], [[Turkey]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[Ukraine]] {{SmallFont|([[type locality]])}}, [[United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland]].<br />
 
<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
 
<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
  
{{Google Maps||35|53|2}}
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{{AntMapsMap}}
 
==Biology==
 
==Biology==
 +
This species is the host for the [[Inquilinism|workerless inquilines]] {{Associate|Relationship = host|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Inquilinism|Associate Taxon = ''Plagiolepis ampeloni''|Associate Taxon Link = Plagiolepis ampeloni|Associate Relationship = workerless inquiline|Locality =|Source =|Notes =|Inline = yes}} and {{Associate|Relationship = host|Associate Type = ant|Associate Type Link = Inquilinism|Associate Taxon = ''Plagiolepis delaugerrei''|Associate Taxon Link = Plagiolepis delaugerrei|Associate Relationship = workerless inquiline|Locality = Corsica, France|Source = Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 2014|Notes =|Inline = yes}} (Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 2014).
 +
 +
===Fungi===
 +
{{Associate
 +
|Relationship = host
 +
|Associate Type = fungus
 +
|Associate Type Link = Entomopathogenic fungi
 +
|Associate Taxon = ''Myrmicinosporidium durum''
 +
|Associate Taxon Link =
 +
|Associate Relationship = pathogen
 +
|Associate Relationship Link =
 +
|Locality =
 +
|Source = Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012
 +
|Notes =
 +
}}
  
 
==Castes==
 
==Castes==
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File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906253_p_1_high.jpg
 
File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906253_p_1_high.jpg
 
File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906253_l_1_high.jpg
 
File:Plagiolepis_pallescens__casent0906253_l_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_taurica__cfh000040_l_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_taurica__cfh000040_h_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_taurica__cfh000040_d_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_taurica__cfh000040_p_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_vindobonensis__casent0281165_d_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_vindobonensis__casent0281165_h_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_vindobonensis__casent0281165_p_1_high.jpg
 +
File:Plagiolepis_vindobonensis__casent0281165_l_1_high.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
 
{{Nomenclature}}
 
{{Nomenclature}}
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>pallescens.</span> Plagiolepis pygmaea'' var. ''pallescens'' Forel, 1889: 265 (w.) GREECE. Santschi, 1911i: 287 (q.); Finzi, 1928c: 790 (m.). Subspecies of ''pygmaea'': Ruzsky, 1902d: 18; Santschi, 1920g: 168. Raised to species: Emery, 1921d: 315; Finzi, 1928c: 790; Karavaiev, 1931a: 311. Current subspecies: nominal plus ''atlantis, elguerrhae, isis, kabyla, maura, polygyna, sordida''. See also: Menozzi, 1936d: 297.
+
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>pallescens.</span> Plagiolepis pygmaea'' var. ''pallescens'' Forel, 1889: 265 (w.) GREECE.
 +
**[Misspelled as ''pallecens'' by Santschi, 1920g: 168.]
 +
**Santschi, 1911i: 287 (q.); Finzi, 1928c: 790 (m.).
 +
**Subspecies of ''pygmaea'': Forel, 1890a: lxvii; Forel, 1889: 265; Emery, 1891b: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893: 173; Forel, 1902a: 155; Ruzsky, 1902d: 18; Ruzsky, 1903b: 308; Ruzsky, 1905b: 467; Forel, 1911d: 350; Forel, 1911h: 457; Santschi, 1911i: 287; Santschi, 1920g: 168; Ruzsky, 1923: 3.
 +
**Status as species: Emery, 1921d: 315; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1926e: 188; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294; Finzi, 1928c: 790; Karavaiev, 1931a: 311; Menozzi, 1936d: 297; Finzi, 1936: 184; Arnol'di, 1948: 212 (in list); Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 168; Tarbinsky, 1976: 127 (redescription); Aktaç, 1977: 124; Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 162; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Arakelian, 1994: 78; Bolton, 1995b: 335; Mei, 1995: 767; Radchenko, 1996a: 184; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 134; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 146 (see note in bibliography); Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (redescription); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 48.
 +
**Senior synonym of ''ancyrensis'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 +
**Senior synonym of ''pyrenaica'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
 +
**Senior synonym of ''satunini'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
 +
**Senior synonym of ''taurica'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 +
**Senior synonym of ''vindobonensis'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 +
**Current subspecies: nominal plus ''atlantis, elguerrhae, isis, kabyla, polygyna, sordida''.
 +
*''ancyrensis. Plagiolepis maura'' var. ''ancyrensis'' Santschi, 1920g: 171, fig. 1 (w.q.) TURKEY.
 +
**[Misspelled as ''angyrensis'' by Santschi, 1921a: 114.]
 +
**Finzi, 1936: 184 (m.).
 +
**Subspecies of ''maura'': Santschi, 1921a: 114; Emery, 1921b: 208.
 +
**Subspecies of ''pallescens'': Emery, 1925b: 21; Menozzi, 1933b: 78; Finzi, 1936: 184.
 +
**Status as species: Tohmé, G. 1969: 10; Kugler, J. 1988: 258; Bolton, 1995b: 334; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. 2014: 145.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pallescens'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 +
*''pyrenaica. Plagiolepis barbara'' var. ''pyrenaica'' Emery, 1921d: 315, fig. I (6, 7) (w.) FRANCE.
 +
**Subspecies of ''barbara'': Emery, 1925b: 20; Bernard, 1950a: 21.
 +
**Subspecies of ''schmitzii'': Bolton, 1995b: 336.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''taurica'': Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pallescens'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
 +
*''satunini. Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) satunini'' Karavaiev, 1931a: 314, fig. 4 (w.) ARMENIA.
 +
**Status as species: Arakelian, 1994: 80; Bolton, 1995b: 336.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''taurica'': Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pallescens'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
 +
*''taurica. Plagiolepis maura'' var. ''taurica'' Santschi, 1920g: 171 (w.) RUSSIA (Crimea), TURKMENISTAN.
 +
**Subspecies of ''pallescens'': Emery, 1921d: 314; Santschi, 1922a: 67; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294.
 +
**Subspecies of pygmaea: Karavaiev, 1931a: 309.
 +
**Status as species: Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 232; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 529; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Bračko, et al. 2014: 20; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 7.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pallescens'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 +
*''vindobonensis. Plagiolepis vindobonensis'' Lomnicki, 1925c: 77, figs. 1-4 (w.) AUSTRIA.
 +
**Santschi, 1926f: 293 (q.); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 84  (m.).
 +
**Subspecies of ''pygmaea'': Bernard, 1967: 275 (in key).
 +
**Status as species: Santschi, 1926f: 288; Stärcke, 1936: 278; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 99 (in key); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 82; van Boven, 1946: 9; van Boven, 1947: 181 (in key); Kutter, 1968a: 60; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 172; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (in key); van Boven, 1977: 129; Kutter, 1977c: 189; Collingwood, 1979: 110; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c: 427; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 203; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Seifert, 1994: 29; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Csösz, & Markó, 2005: 227; Bračko, 2006: 151; Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 259; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 142; Boer, 2010: 46; Legakis, 2011: 25.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pygmaea'': Bernard, 1967: 277 (in taxonomic synopsis and footnote).
 +
**Junior synonym of ''taurica'': Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''pallescens'': Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
 
{{nomenplus}}
 
{{nomenplus}}
  
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|locality=
 
|locality=
 
|country=Greece
 
|country=Greece
|coordinates=<noinclude>{{Inline coordinates|||0|NS|||0|EW}}</noinclude>
+
|coordinates={{Inline coordinates|||0|NS|||0|EW}} COMMENT OUT IF UNKNOWN
 +
|collector=
 +
|collectiondate=
 +
|specimenidentifier=
 +
|institution=
 +
|notes=
 +
}}
 +
*{{TypeSpecimen
 +
|publishedname=''Plagiolepis maura ancyrensis''
 +
|status=
 +
|statuspublication=
 +
|material=
 +
|locality=
 +
|country=Turkey
 +
|coordinates={{Inline coordinates|||0|NS|||0|EW}} COMMENT OUT IF UNKNOWN
 +
|collector=
 +
|collectiondate=
 +
|specimenidentifier=
 +
|institution=
 +
|notes=
 +
}}
 +
*{{TypeSpecimen
 +
|publishedname=''Plagiolepis maura taurica''
 +
|status=
 +
|statuspublication=
 +
|material=
 +
|locality=
 +
|country=Ukraine
 +
|coordinates={{Inline coordinates|||0|NS|||0|EW}} COMMENT OUT IF UNKNOWN
 +
|collector=
 +
|collectiondate=
 +
|specimenidentifier=
 +
|institution=
 +
|notes=
 +
}}
 +
*{{TypeSpecimen
 +
|publishedname=''Plagiolepis vindobonensis''
 +
|status=
 +
|statuspublication=
 +
|material=
 +
|locality=
 +
|country=Austria
 +
|coordinates={{Inline coordinates|||0|NS|||0|EW}} COMMENT OUT IF UNKNOWN
 
|collector=
 
|collector=
 
|collectiondate=
 
|collectiondate=
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*Forel, A. 1889 [1888].  Ameisen aus den Sporaden, den Cykladen und Griechenland, gesammelt 1887 von Herrn von Oertzen. Berl. Entomol. Z. 32: 255-265 (page 265, worker described)
 
*Forel, A. 1889 [1888].  Ameisen aus den Sporaden, den Cykladen und Griechenland, gesammelt 1887 von Herrn von Oertzen. Berl. Entomol. Z. 32: 255-265 (page 265, worker described)
 
*Karavaiev, V. 1931a [1930].  Myrmekologische Fragmente, III. Zool. Anz. 92: 309-317 (page 311, Raised to species)
 
*Karavaiev, V. 1931a [1930].  Myrmekologische Fragmente, III. Zool. Anz. 92: 309-317 (page 311, Raised to species)
 +
*[[Media:Khalili-Moghadam, A., Borowiec, L. et al. 2019. New records of ants from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran.pdf|Khalini-Moghadam, A., Borowiec, L., Nemati, A. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88: 163–182 (DOI 10.2478/pjen-2019-0013).]]
 
*Menozzi, C. 1936b.  Nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della fauna delle Isole italiane dell'Egeo. VI. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 29: 262-311 (page 297, see also)
 
*Menozzi, C. 1936b.  Nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della fauna delle Isole italiane dell'Egeo. VI. Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 29: 262-311 (page 297, see also)
 
*Ruzsky, M. 1902d.  Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 18, Variety of pygmaea)
 
*Ruzsky, M. 1902d.  Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 18, Variety of pygmaea)
 +
*[[Media:Salata, S., Borowiec, L. et al. 2018. Description of Plagiolepis perperamus, a new species from East-Mediterranean and redescription of Plagiolepis pallescens.pdf|Salata, S., Borowiec, L., Radchenko, A.G. 2018. Description of Plagiolepis perperamus, a New Species from East-Mediterranean and Redescription of Plagiolepis pallescens Forel, 1889 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 68(4):809-824 (DOI 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.005).]]
 
*Santschi, F. 1911i.  Formicides de diverses provenances. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 55: 278-287 (page 287, queen described)
 
*Santschi, F. 1911i.  Formicides de diverses provenances. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 55: 278-287 (page 287, queen described)
 
*Santschi, F. 1920g.  Cinq nouvelles notes sur les fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 53: 163-186 (page 168, Variety of pygmaea)
 
*Santschi, F. 1920g.  Cinq nouvelles notes sur les fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 53: 163-186 (page 168, Variety of pygmaea)

Latest revision as of 04:55, 21 December 2019

Plagiolepis pallescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Plagiolepis
Species: P. pallescens
Binomial name
Plagiolepis pallescens
Forel, 1889

Plagiolepis pallescens casent0906084 p 1 high.jpg

Plagiolepis pallescens casent0906084 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This minute species lives in small isolated colonies nesting under flat stones usually with several queens (Collingwood 1979). In Russia it occurs in steppe habitats on rocky slopes with nests in soil (Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007).

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  

 

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Armenia, Austria (type locality), Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, France, Germany, Greece (type locality), Hungary, Iran, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Montenegro, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey (type locality), Ukraine (type locality), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

This species is the host for the workerless inquilines Plagiolepis ampeloni and Plagiolepis delaugerrei (Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 2014).

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Myrmicinosporidium durum (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Castes

Ergatoid queens reported by Espadaler (2007)

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • pallescens. Plagiolepis pygmaea var. pallescens Forel, 1889: 265 (w.) GREECE.
    • [Misspelled as pallecens by Santschi, 1920g: 168.]
    • Santschi, 1911i: 287 (q.); Finzi, 1928c: 790 (m.).
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Forel, 1890a: lxvii; Forel, 1889: 265; Emery, 1891b: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893: 173; Forel, 1902a: 155; Ruzsky, 1902d: 18; Ruzsky, 1903b: 308; Ruzsky, 1905b: 467; Forel, 1911d: 350; Forel, 1911h: 457; Santschi, 1911i: 287; Santschi, 1920g: 168; Ruzsky, 1923: 3.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1921d: 315; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1926e: 188; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294; Finzi, 1928c: 790; Karavaiev, 1931a: 311; Menozzi, 1936d: 297; Finzi, 1936: 184; Arnol'di, 1948: 212 (in list); Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 168; Tarbinsky, 1976: 127 (redescription); Aktaç, 1977: 124; Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 162; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Arakelian, 1994: 78; Bolton, 1995b: 335; Mei, 1995: 767; Radchenko, 1996a: 184; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 134; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 146 (see note in bibliography); Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (redescription); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 48.
    • Senior synonym of ancyrensis: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Senior synonym of pyrenaica: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
    • Senior synonym of satunini: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
    • Senior synonym of taurica: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Senior synonym of vindobonensis: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus atlantis, elguerrhae, isis, kabyla, polygyna, sordida.
  • ancyrensis. Plagiolepis maura var. ancyrensis Santschi, 1920g: 171, fig. 1 (w.q.) TURKEY.
    • [Misspelled as angyrensis by Santschi, 1921a: 114.]
    • Finzi, 1936: 184 (m.).
    • Subspecies of maura: Santschi, 1921a: 114; Emery, 1921b: 208.
    • Subspecies of pallescens: Emery, 1925b: 21; Menozzi, 1933b: 78; Finzi, 1936: 184.
    • Status as species: Tohmé, G. 1969: 10; Kugler, J. 1988: 258; Bolton, 1995b: 334; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. 2014: 145.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
  • pyrenaica. Plagiolepis barbara var. pyrenaica Emery, 1921d: 315, fig. I (6, 7) (w.) FRANCE.
    • Subspecies of barbara: Emery, 1925b: 20; Bernard, 1950a: 21.
    • Subspecies of schmitzii: Bolton, 1995b: 336.
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
  • satunini. Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) satunini Karavaiev, 1931a: 314, fig. 4 (w.) ARMENIA.
    • Status as species: Arakelian, 1994: 80; Bolton, 1995b: 336.
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
  • taurica. Plagiolepis maura var. taurica Santschi, 1920g: 171 (w.) RUSSIA (Crimea), TURKMENISTAN.
    • Subspecies of pallescens: Emery, 1921d: 314; Santschi, 1922a: 67; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294.
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Karavaiev, 1931a: 309.
    • Status as species: Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 232; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 529; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Bračko, et al. 2014: 20; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 7.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
  • vindobonensis. Plagiolepis vindobonensis Lomnicki, 1925c: 77, figs. 1-4 (w.) AUSTRIA.
    • Santschi, 1926f: 293 (q.); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 84 (m.).
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Bernard, 1967: 275 (in key).
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1926f: 288; Stärcke, 1936: 278; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 99 (in key); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 82; van Boven, 1946: 9; van Boven, 1947: 181 (in key); Kutter, 1968a: 60; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 172; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (in key); van Boven, 1977: 129; Kutter, 1977c: 189; Collingwood, 1979: 110; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c: 427; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 203; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Seifert, 1994: 29; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Csösz, & Markó, 2005: 227; Bračko, 2006: 151; Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 259; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 142; Boer, 2010: 46; Legakis, 2011: 25.
    • Junior synonym of pygmaea: Bernard, 1967: 277 (in taxonomic synopsis and footnote).
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype. TL 1.49, HL 0.45, HW 0.39, SL 0.39, EL 0.12, CI 87, SI 100, PRW 0.25, ML 0.46.

Yellowish brown, gaster yellowish paler than rest of body, legs and antennae yellow, propodeum dorsum characteristically reddish brown. Body smooth and shining. Head distinctly longer than broad with clearly convex sides. Eyes, in full-face view, fail to break head sides. Antennae with appressed pubescence. Second funicular segment as long as or little broader than long. Third funicular segment little longer than broad. Second and third funicular segments nearly subequal. Fourth funicular segment distinctly longer than broad, and little longer than broad. Scape surpassing posterior margin of head by 2-3 X its thickeness. Eyes large (EL 0.12), 0.3 x HW, with eleven ommatadia in the longest row. Anterior clypeal margin with several pairs of long hairs. Occiput nearly straight or feebly concave with strongly rounded posterior corners. Promesonotal suture indistinct. Metanotal groove feebly impressed. Erect hairs limited to anterior margin of clypeus and a small number on the gaster. Dorsum of head with abundant but widely spaced pubescence; other pubescence sparse.

Queen

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype (gaster is broken) HL 0.63, HW 0.56, SL 0.53, EL 0.19, CI 89, SI 95, PRW 0.25, ML 0.92.

Body brown, legs and antennae yellowish brown. Eyes very large (EL 0.19) occupying about half head sides. Anterior clypeal margin with two pairs of long hairs. Palp formula 6,4. Second funicular segment about twice broader than long. Third funicular segment twice longer than broad, and twice longer than second. Fourth funicular segment clearly longer than broad and nearly as long as, or little shorter than, second and third segments combined. Occiput nearly straight or feebly concave with rounded posterior corners. Mesosoma robust, distinctly dorsoventrally compressed. Propodeal spiracle circular. Preonotal humeri with one pair of long hairs. Body with abundant appressed pubescence.

Male

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype. TL 1.42-1.49, HL 0.38, HW 0.35-0.36, SL 0.34-0.38, EL 0.17, CI 92-95, SI 97-106, PRW 0.35-0.36, ML 0.61-0.63.

Body pale brown, legs yellow, all covered with relatively few sparse pubescence. Head distinctly broader than long. Occiput straight. Third funicular segment about twice longer than second segment. Fourth funicular segment as long as or little longer than second and third segments combined. Anterior clypeal margin with one pair of long hairs. Eyes prominent occupying more than half of head sides.

Type Material

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype worker and two syntype males and one syntype queen, Morocco: Magador, iv.1905 (Vaucher) (Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].

References