Difference between revisions of "Odontomachus desertorum"

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===Identification Keys including this Taxon===
 
===Identification Keys including this Taxon===
 
*[[Key to US Odontomachus species|Key to US ''Odontomachus'' species]]
 
*[[Key to US Odontomachus species|Key to US ''Odontomachus'' species]]
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Diagnosis. Workers of Odontomachus desertorum can be separated from the introduced species O. haematodus and O. ruginodis by the smooth, mostly unsculptured petiole (striate in O. haematodus and O. ruginodis); from O.
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brunneus by coarse and somewhat sparse gastral pubescence (densely pubescent in O. brunneus); and from O. relictus by the smooth basilar lobes (striate in O. relictus). Additionally, O. desertorum can be separated from these
 +
species by geography as it is restricted to the Sonoran Desert region of the southwestern US and northwestern Mexico; whereas, all of the aforementioned species are only known to occur east of the Mississippi River in the
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US. Workers of O. desertorum are most similar to those of O. clarus (also a western species), with workers of both species being similar in coloration, having coarse gastric pubescence and a smooth petiole and basalar lobe, but may be differentiated from O. clarus by the much larger size (WL 3.41– 3.57 compared to WL 2.43–2.83 for O. clarus), stout, poorly differentiated dorsomedian petiolar spine (Fig. 6C) (may be nublike or well differentiated in O. clarus), the entirely striate propleurae, pronotal cervical lobes which are wider than long, and by the relatively longer scapes (SL/HW = 1.11–1.15 vs. 0.99–1.07). Males are uniquely identifiable among US species by the following character combination: 1) generally large size (WL 2.61–3.06); 2) ocelli relatively large and bulging beyond posterior border of head; 3) body light golden brown and appendages honey yellow; 4) propodeum finely striate; and 5) petiolar sternum posteriorly glabrous and with a distinct angular process near the posterior margin. The genitalia of O. desertorum are most similar to O. clarus from which they differ mainly by the narrower posterior ninth sternal lobe, the less strongly-sclerotized digitus, and by the longer, slightly upturned, anteroventral valviceps process with rounded apex.
  
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
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{{AntMapsMap}}
 
{{AntMapsMap}}
 
==Biology==
 
==Biology==
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Odontomachus desertorum is restricted to the Sonoran Desert; its range in Arizona is surrounded by that of O. clarus to the north, east, and south. When first described as a subspecies of O. haematodus (“haematoda) by Wheeler (1915), the coloration and petiolar node form were used to characterize the taxon, a character set scarcely improved by M.R. Smith (1939) who noted the larger size and well-developed lateral ocellar pits of O. desertorum. Creighton (1950) repeated this diagnosis in his derivative key to the North American Odontomachus. Brown (1976) synonymized O. haematodus desertorum with O. clarus, but unfortunately did not provide support for this action. Based on the discovery and examination of the male of O. desertorum and a reassessment of worker variation for names attributable to O. clarus, it is here determined that O. desertorum should be revived from synonymy and elevated to species. While no sympatric material of O. desertorum and O. clarus were examined during this study, M.R. Smith (1939) indicated that the two species may occur within a few miles of one another, supporting recognition of O. desertorum as a valid species.
  
 
==Castes==
 
==Castes==

Revision as of 22:23, 28 June 2020

Odontomachus desertorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. desertorum
Binomial name
Odontomachus desertorum
Wheeler, W.M., 1915

Odontomachus-desertorum-hal1-25.jpg

Odontomachus-desertorum-had1-25.jpg

Specimen Label

Identification

Identification Keys including this Taxon

Diagnosis. Workers of Odontomachus desertorum can be separated from the introduced species O. haematodus and O. ruginodis by the smooth, mostly unsculptured petiole (striate in O. haematodus and O. ruginodis); from O. brunneus by coarse and somewhat sparse gastral pubescence (densely pubescent in O. brunneus); and from O. relictus by the smooth basilar lobes (striate in O. relictus). Additionally, O. desertorum can be separated from these species by geography as it is restricted to the Sonoran Desert region of the southwestern US and northwestern Mexico; whereas, all of the aforementioned species are only known to occur east of the Mississippi River in the US. Workers of O. desertorum are most similar to those of O. clarus (also a western species), with workers of both species being similar in coloration, having coarse gastric pubescence and a smooth petiole and basalar lobe, but may be differentiated from O. clarus by the much larger size (WL 3.41– 3.57 compared to WL 2.43–2.83 for O. clarus), stout, poorly differentiated dorsomedian petiolar spine (Fig. 6C) (may be nublike or well differentiated in O. clarus), the entirely striate propleurae, pronotal cervical lobes which are wider than long, and by the relatively longer scapes (SL/HW = 1.11–1.15 vs. 0.99–1.07). Males are uniquely identifiable among US species by the following character combination: 1) generally large size (WL 2.61–3.06); 2) ocelli relatively large and bulging beyond posterior border of head; 3) body light golden brown and appendages honey yellow; 4) propodeum finely striate; and 5) petiolar sternum posteriorly glabrous and with a distinct angular process near the posterior margin. The genitalia of O. desertorum are most similar to O. clarus from which they differ mainly by the narrower posterior ninth sternal lobe, the less strongly-sclerotized digitus, and by the longer, slightly upturned, anteroventral valviceps process with rounded apex.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Odontomachus desertorum is restricted to the Sonoran Desert; its range in Arizona is surrounded by that of O. clarus to the north, east, and south. When first described as a subspecies of O. haematodus (“haematoda) by Wheeler (1915), the coloration and petiolar node form were used to characterize the taxon, a character set scarcely improved by M.R. Smith (1939) who noted the larger size and well-developed lateral ocellar pits of O. desertorum. Creighton (1950) repeated this diagnosis in his derivative key to the North American Odontomachus. Brown (1976) synonymized O. haematodus desertorum with O. clarus, but unfortunately did not provide support for this action. Based on the discovery and examination of the male of O. desertorum and a reassessment of worker variation for names attributable to O. clarus, it is here determined that O. desertorum should be revived from synonymy and elevated to species. While no sympatric material of O. desertorum and O. clarus were examined during this study, M.R. Smith (1939) indicated that the two species may occur within a few miles of one another, supporting recognition of O. desertorum as a valid species.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • desertorum. Odontomachus haematoda subsp. desertorum Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 391 (w.) U.S.A. Junior synonym of clarus: Brown, 1976a: 103. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: MacGown et al., 2014: 533. See also: Smith, M.R. 1939d: 128.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171 (page 103, Junior synonym of clarus)
  • MacGown, J.A., Boudinot, B., Deyrup, M. & Sorger, D.M. 2014. A review of the Nearctic Odontomachus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) with a treatment of the males. Zootaxa 3802(4): 515-552.
  • Smith, M. R. 1939d. A study of the subspecies of Odontomachus haematoda (L.) of the United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 47: 125-130 (page 128, see also)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915b. Some additions to the North American ant-fauna. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 34: 389-421. (page 391, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Johnson R. Personnal Database. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://www.asu.edu/clas/sirgtools/resources.htm
  • MacGown J. A., B. Boudinot, M. Deyrup, and D. M. Sorger. 2014. A review of the Nearctic Odontomachus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae) with a treatment of the males. Zootaxa 3802(4): 515-552.