Myrmicaria brunnea

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Myrmicaria brunnea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Myrmicaria
Species: M. brunnea
Binomial name
Myrmicaria brunnea
Saunders, W.W., 1842

Myrmicaria brunnea casent0900498 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmicaria brunnea casent0900498 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

Myrmicaria brunnea and Myrmicaria vidua inhabit various habitats such as fruit gardens, sparse forests, forest edges and well-developed forests, and nest in soil, often building big mounds with soil particles. Workers scavenge dead animals and also tend homopterans. (Eguchi, Bui and Yamane 2011)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • brunnea. Myrmicaria brunnea Saunders, W.W. 1842: 57, pl. 5, fig. 2 (m.) INDIA. Bingham, 1903: 118 (w.q.); Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 6 (k.). See also: Forel, 1903a: 708; Karavaiev, 1935a: 80. Current subspecies: nominal plus flava, subcarinata.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 44, karyotype = 24M+20A (India) (Imai et al., 1984) (The photo is the Myrmicaria brunnea subcarinata).

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 118, worker, queen described)
  • Eguchi, K., Bui, T.V. & Yamane, S. 2011. Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam. Part 1 – Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmecinae. Zootaxa 2878: 1-61. PDF
  • Forel, A. 1903a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 679-715 (page 708, see also)
  • Imai, H. T.; Baroni Urbani, C.; Kubota, M.; Sharma, G. P.; Narasimhanna, M. H.; Das, B. C.; 1984. Karyological survey of Indian ants. Jpn. J. Genet. 59: 1-32 (page 6, karyotype described)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1935a. Neue Ameisen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet, nebst Revision einiger Formen. Treubia 15: 57-118 (page 80, see also)
  • Saunders, W. W. 1842 [1841]. Descriptions of two hymenopterous insects from northern India. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 3: 57-58 (page 57, pl. 5, fig. 2 male described)
  • Viswanathan, G., Narendra. A. 1999. A study of the behaviour of the ant Myrmicaria brunnea Saunders towards pheromones. Insect Environment 5: 23-25.