Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - M. rugosa has been found at altitudes between 1200 and 3400 m in semi-natural habitats, but it also inhabits cultivated areas (Philip Ward, pers. comm.). Males and alate queens were collected from the end of May to the end of June, which is extremely early in the year compared to Euro-Siberian Myrmica species.
A member of the rugosa complex of the rugosa species group. We consider that together with three other Himalayan species (Myrmica aimonissabaudiae, Myrmica hecate and Myrmica rupestris) it belongs to the rugosa species group and differs from the first two species by the much less developed reticulation on the head dorsum, and from the last by the absence of coarse short sinuous rugosity on the petiole and postpetiole. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
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Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
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The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- rugosa. Myrmica rugosa Mayr, 1865: 19 (footnote) (w.) HIMALAYA (India?). Radchenko & Elmes, 2002: 41 (q.m.). See also: Bingham, 1903: 268; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 242.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - We found 1 worker in Berlin with the labels “Himalaya” and “M. rugosa Mayr”, written by Mayr's own hand. As this specimen fully agrees with Mayr's description, we have designated it as the lectotype. Five more workers, preserved in London, Genoa and Moscow are designated as paralectotypes (see above).
Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - name derived from the Latin word rugosus = wrinkle or full of wrinkles, to describe its sculpture.
- Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 268, see also)
- Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 411, Nomen nudum; attributed to Koch; material referred to scabrinodis)
- Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 19, (footnote) worker described)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G. W. 2002. First descriptions of the sexual forms of seven Himalayan Myrmica species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vestn. Zool. 36(5): 35-46 (page 41, queen, male described)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.