Difference between revisions of "Monomorium tynsorum"

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[[:File:Monomorium_tynsorum__casent0902249_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
[[:File:Monomorium_tynsorum__casent0902249_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
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The type was collected from the body of a dead bird.
  
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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
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Bolton (1987) - Of the presently recognized species in the ''altinode''-complex two, ''[[Monomorium occidentale]]'' and ''[[Monomorium vonatu]]'', are blackish brown or black in colour and have unique clypeal and petiolar configurations respectively. The remainder, ''[[Monomorium altinode]]'', ''[[Monomorium angustinode]]'', ''[[Monomorium arnoldi]]'', ''[[Monomorium captator]]'', ''[[Monomorium fugelanum]]'' and ''Monomorium tynsorum'', are yellow and lack the clypeal and petiolar specializations seen in the above. ''M. angustinode'' has a very distinctive form of propodeum and tubercle-borne spiracle which separates it from the remainder, and the propodeal spiracle is conspicuously enlarged in the densely hairy ''captator''. The four remaining species are very closely related and details of their separation are given under ''altinode''.
  
 
{{Species identification keys}}
 
{{Species identification keys}}
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==Castes==
 
==Castes==
 
  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
 
{{Nomenclature}}
 
{{Nomenclature}}
 
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>tynsorum.</span> Monomorium tynsorum'' Bolton, 1987: 417, figs. 62, 87 (w.) ANGOLA.
 
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>tynsorum.</span> Monomorium tynsorum'' Bolton, 1987: 417, figs. 62, 87 (w.) ANGOLA.
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{{nomenplus}}
  
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===Description===
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====Worker====
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Holotype. TL 2.1, HL 0.54, HW 0.42, CI 78, SL 0.38, SI 90, PW 0.28, AL 0.56.
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Clypeal carinae strongly developed and sharp, conspicuously divergent anteriorly and terminating on the anterior margin in a pair of small projecting denticles. Space between the clypeal carinae transversely shallowly concave. Anterior margin of prominent median portion of clypeus transverse to extremely shallowly concave between the denticles. Maximum diameter of eye 0.24 x HW and with 7 ommatidia in the longest row. With the head in full-face view the posterior margins of the eyes in front of the midlength of the sides of the head. Antennal scapes, when laid straight back from their insertions, failing to reach the occipital margin. Sides of head shallowly convex behind the eyes and very feebly convergent posteriorly. Occipital margin broad and extremely weakly concave medially; almost transverse. Promesonotal dorsum evenly convex in profile, sloping posteriorly to the narrow but distinctly impressed metanotal groove. Metanotal cross-ribs short but conspicuous. Propodeal spiracle of moderate size, not reduced to a minute pinhole-like aperture. Propodeal dorsum shallowly convex and sloping posteriorly, rounding into the short but more steeply descending declivity. Petiole peduncle with a small low anteroventral process which extends back to the level of the spiracle. Petiole node high but somewhat thicker than in closely related species (compare Figs 84-88), narrowly rounded above. Postpetiole with a vertical anterior face to the node, smaller and somewhat narrower than the petiole , and more broadly rounded dorsally. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with standing hairs , the promesonotum with 7-8 pairs. Sculpture absent except for scattered minute hair-pits, metanotal cross-ribs and some faint vestiges on the mesopleuron. Colour yellow.
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Paratypes. TL 2.1-2.3, HL 0.52-0.55, HW 0.40-0.44, CI 78-81, SL 0.37-0.40, SI 90-95, PW 0.24-0.28, AL 0.54-0.60 (8 measured). As holotype but maximum diameter of eye 0.24-0.25 x HW.
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===Type Material===
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Holotype worker, Angola: Luanda, 24.viii.1949, from body of dead bird (G. R. Gradwell & D. Snow) ({{BMNH}}).Paratypes. 14 workers with same data as holotype (BMNH; {{MCZ}}).
 
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===Description===
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
*Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 417, figs. 62, 87 worker described)
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*[[Media:Bolton 1987.pdf|Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the ''Solenopsis'' genus-group and revision of Afrotropical ''Monomorium'' Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology. 54:263-452. '''PDF]]. (page 417, figs. 62, 87 worker described)
  
 
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[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Solenopsidini]][[category:Monomorium]][[category:Monomorium tynsorum]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Solenopsidini]][[category:Monomorium]][[category:Monomorium tynsorum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Solenopsidini species]][[category:Monomorium species|tynsorum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Solenopsidini species]][[category:Monomorium species|tynsorum]]
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[[Category:Ssr]]

Revision as of 20:28, 13 September 2019

Monomorium tynsorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. tynsorum
Binomial name
Monomorium tynsorum
Bolton, 1987

Monomorium tynsorum casent0902249 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium tynsorum casent0902249 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

The type was collected from the body of a dead bird.

Identification

Bolton (1987) - Of the presently recognized species in the altinode-complex two, Monomorium occidentale and Monomorium vonatu, are blackish brown or black in colour and have unique clypeal and petiolar configurations respectively. The remainder, Monomorium altinode, Monomorium angustinode, Monomorium arnoldi, Monomorium captator, Monomorium fugelanum and Monomorium tynsorum, are yellow and lack the clypeal and petiolar specializations seen in the above. M. angustinode has a very distinctive form of propodeum and tubercle-borne spiracle which separates it from the remainder, and the propodeal spiracle is conspicuously enlarged in the densely hairy captator. The four remaining species are very closely related and details of their separation are given under altinode.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tynsorum. Monomorium tynsorum Bolton, 1987: 417, figs. 62, 87 (w.) ANGOLA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 2.1, HL 0.54, HW 0.42, CI 78, SL 0.38, SI 90, PW 0.28, AL 0.56.

Clypeal carinae strongly developed and sharp, conspicuously divergent anteriorly and terminating on the anterior margin in a pair of small projecting denticles. Space between the clypeal carinae transversely shallowly concave. Anterior margin of prominent median portion of clypeus transverse to extremely shallowly concave between the denticles. Maximum diameter of eye 0.24 x HW and with 7 ommatidia in the longest row. With the head in full-face view the posterior margins of the eyes in front of the midlength of the sides of the head. Antennal scapes, when laid straight back from their insertions, failing to reach the occipital margin. Sides of head shallowly convex behind the eyes and very feebly convergent posteriorly. Occipital margin broad and extremely weakly concave medially; almost transverse. Promesonotal dorsum evenly convex in profile, sloping posteriorly to the narrow but distinctly impressed metanotal groove. Metanotal cross-ribs short but conspicuous. Propodeal spiracle of moderate size, not reduced to a minute pinhole-like aperture. Propodeal dorsum shallowly convex and sloping posteriorly, rounding into the short but more steeply descending declivity. Petiole peduncle with a small low anteroventral process which extends back to the level of the spiracle. Petiole node high but somewhat thicker than in closely related species (compare Figs 84-88), narrowly rounded above. Postpetiole with a vertical anterior face to the node, smaller and somewhat narrower than the petiole , and more broadly rounded dorsally. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with standing hairs , the promesonotum with 7-8 pairs. Sculpture absent except for scattered minute hair-pits, metanotal cross-ribs and some faint vestiges on the mesopleuron. Colour yellow.

Paratypes. TL 2.1-2.3, HL 0.52-0.55, HW 0.40-0.44, CI 78-81, SL 0.37-0.40, SI 90-95, PW 0.24-0.28, AL 0.54-0.60 (8 measured). As holotype but maximum diameter of eye 0.24-0.25 x HW.

Type Material

Holotype worker, Angola: Luanda, 24.viii.1949, from body of dead bird (G. R. Gradwell & D. Snow) (The Natural History Museum).Paratypes. 14 workers with same data as holotype (BMNH; Museum of Comparative Zoology).

References