Difference between revisions of "Monomorium drapenum"

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[[:File:Monomorium_drapenum__casent0902201_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
[[:File:Monomorium_drapenum__casent0902201_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
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Collections of this species were noted as being hand collected in desert habitat and from Bushveld pitfall samples.
  
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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
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Bolton (1987) - This distinctive small Namib Desert species is quickly identified by its sculpture, distribution of pilosity, and presence of a conspicuous lobate to dentiform subpetiolar process.
  
 
{{Species identification keys}}
 
{{Species identification keys}}
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==Castes==
 
==Castes==
 
  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
 
{{Nomenclature}}
 
{{Nomenclature}}
 
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>drapenum.</span> Monomorium drapenum'' Bolton, 1987: 342, fig. 48 (w.) NAMIBIA.
 
*''<span style='color:red;font-weight:bold;'>drapenum.</span> Monomorium drapenum'' Bolton, 1987: 342, fig. 48 (w.) NAMIBIA.
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===Description===
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====Worker====
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Holotype. TL 2.4, HL 0.65, HW 0.50, CI 77, SL 0.50, SI 100, PW 0.32, AL 0.68.
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Anterior free margin of median portion of clypeus shallowly convex. Eyes relatively large, the maximum diameter 0.28 x HW. Sides of head in full-face view evenly shallowly convex, broadest at the level of the eyes and narrowing slightly both anteriorly and posteriorly; occipital margin broadly but shallowly concave. With the alitrunk in profile the pronotal dorsal outline feebly convex, the mesonotum more or less fiat and sloping shallowly to the weakly impressed metanotal groove. Propodeum in dorsal view feebly transversely concave at the curvature where dorsum meets declivity. Petiole and postpetiole of approximately equal width in dorsal view; in profile the petiole node slightly higher than the postpetiole. Anterior peduncle of petiole ventrally with a broad blunt lamelliform process. Dorsum of head behind level of frontal lobes with appressed sparse pubescence and with four pairs of standing hairs, of which three pairs are close to the midline and the fourth is situated on the occipital margin close to the corners. Dorsal alitrunk without standing hairs, with fine sparse appressed pubescence present. Petiole with one pair and postpetiole with two pairs of backward directed hairs. First gastral tergite with hairs evenly distributed over the surface of the sclerite. Cephalic dorsum polished and shining, sculpture from level of eyes to occipital margin consisting only of an extremely fine superficial reticular patterning. Dorsal alitrunk more strongly sculptured than the head, the sculpture increasing in intensity from front to back. Pronotum superficially reticulate , grading on the mesonotum into raised reticulation and weak reticulate-punctate sculpture posteriorly; propodeal dorsum reticulate-punctate. Sides of pronotum polished and weakly reticulate-shagreenate, the remainder finely reticulate-punctate. Petiole and postpetiole reticulate to weakly reticulate-punctulate. First gastral tergite superficially reticulate, the patterning denser basally than apically. Head and gaster dark brown, alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole medium brown.
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Paratypes. TL 2.4-2.6, HL 0.60-0.67, HW 0.46-0.52, CI 73-78, SL 0.46-0.51, SI 98-104, PW 0.32-0.34, AL 0.68-0.72 (18 measured). Maximum diameter of eye 0.28-0.32 x HW, with 8-10 ommatidia in the longest row. As holotype but some samples uniformly dark brown and some individuals with the subpetiolar process more acute than in the holotype, appearing more dentiform than lobate. Postpetiole sometimes with only a single pair of hairs.
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===Type Material===
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Holotype worker, Namibia: Namib Desert, 15°36' E , 23°04' S , sample P 18, pitfall, 1 984 (A. C. Marsh) ({{BMNH}}).
  
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Paratypes. 8 workers with same data as holotype; 6 workers with same data but 15° 13' E, 23° 06' S, sample P 15; 3 workers with same data but 15° 36' E, 23° 04' S, sample P 14; 3 workers with same data but 15° 36' E, 23° 04' S, sample P 22; 3 workers with same data but 15° 18' E, 23° 06' S, sample P 23; 3 workers with same data but 15° 24' E , 23° 06' S, sample P 24; 3 workers with same data but 15° 24' E , 23° 06' S, sample P 25 (BMNH; {{MHNG}}; {{MCZ}}).
 
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===Description===
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
*Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 342, fig. 48 worker described)
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*[[Media:Bolton 1987.pdf|Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the ''Solenopsis'' genus-group and revision of Afrotropical ''Monomorium'' Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology. 54: 263-452. '''PDF]]. (page 342, fig. 48 worker described)
  
 
[[category:Species]]
 
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[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Solenopsidini]][[category:Monomorium]][[category:Monomorium drapenum]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmicinae]][[category:Solenopsidini]][[category:Monomorium]][[category:Monomorium drapenum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Solenopsidini species]][[category:Monomorium species|drapenum]]
 
[[category:Myrmicinae species]][[category:Solenopsidini species]][[category:Monomorium species|drapenum]]
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[[Category:Ssr]]

Revision as of 22:43, 13 July 2019

Monomorium drapenum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. drapenum
Binomial name
Monomorium drapenum
Bolton, 1987

Monomorium drapenum casent0902201 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium drapenum casent0902201 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Collections of this species were noted as being hand collected in desert habitat and from Bushveld pitfall samples.

Identification

Bolton (1987) - This distinctive small Namib Desert species is quickly identified by its sculpture, distribution of pilosity, and presence of a conspicuous lobate to dentiform subpetiolar process.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Namibia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • drapenum. Monomorium drapenum Bolton, 1987: 342, fig. 48 (w.) NAMIBIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 2.4, HL 0.65, HW 0.50, CI 77, SL 0.50, SI 100, PW 0.32, AL 0.68.

Anterior free margin of median portion of clypeus shallowly convex. Eyes relatively large, the maximum diameter 0.28 x HW. Sides of head in full-face view evenly shallowly convex, broadest at the level of the eyes and narrowing slightly both anteriorly and posteriorly; occipital margin broadly but shallowly concave. With the alitrunk in profile the pronotal dorsal outline feebly convex, the mesonotum more or less fiat and sloping shallowly to the weakly impressed metanotal groove. Propodeum in dorsal view feebly transversely concave at the curvature where dorsum meets declivity. Petiole and postpetiole of approximately equal width in dorsal view; in profile the petiole node slightly higher than the postpetiole. Anterior peduncle of petiole ventrally with a broad blunt lamelliform process. Dorsum of head behind level of frontal lobes with appressed sparse pubescence and with four pairs of standing hairs, of which three pairs are close to the midline and the fourth is situated on the occipital margin close to the corners. Dorsal alitrunk without standing hairs, with fine sparse appressed pubescence present. Petiole with one pair and postpetiole with two pairs of backward directed hairs. First gastral tergite with hairs evenly distributed over the surface of the sclerite. Cephalic dorsum polished and shining, sculpture from level of eyes to occipital margin consisting only of an extremely fine superficial reticular patterning. Dorsal alitrunk more strongly sculptured than the head, the sculpture increasing in intensity from front to back. Pronotum superficially reticulate , grading on the mesonotum into raised reticulation and weak reticulate-punctate sculpture posteriorly; propodeal dorsum reticulate-punctate. Sides of pronotum polished and weakly reticulate-shagreenate, the remainder finely reticulate-punctate. Petiole and postpetiole reticulate to weakly reticulate-punctulate. First gastral tergite superficially reticulate, the patterning denser basally than apically. Head and gaster dark brown, alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole medium brown.

Paratypes. TL 2.4-2.6, HL 0.60-0.67, HW 0.46-0.52, CI 73-78, SL 0.46-0.51, SI 98-104, PW 0.32-0.34, AL 0.68-0.72 (18 measured). Maximum diameter of eye 0.28-0.32 x HW, with 8-10 ommatidia in the longest row. As holotype but some samples uniformly dark brown and some individuals with the subpetiolar process more acute than in the holotype, appearing more dentiform than lobate. Postpetiole sometimes with only a single pair of hairs.

Type Material

Holotype worker, Namibia: Namib Desert, 15°36' E , 23°04' S , sample P 18, pitfall, 1 984 (A. C. Marsh) (The Natural History Museum).

Paratypes. 8 workers with same data as holotype; 6 workers with same data but 15° 13' E, 23° 06' S, sample P 15; 3 workers with same data but 15° 36' E, 23° 04' S, sample P 14; 3 workers with same data but 15° 36' E, 23° 04' S, sample P 22; 3 workers with same data but 15° 18' E, 23° 06' S, sample P 23; 3 workers with same data but 15° 24' E , 23° 06' S, sample P 24; 3 workers with same data but 15° 24' E , 23° 06' S, sample P 25 (BMNH; Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; Museum of Comparative Zoology).

References