Messor rugosus

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Messor rugosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. rugosus
Binomial name
Messor rugosus
(André, 1881)

Messor rugosus casent0281599 p 1 high.jpg

Messor rugosus casent0281599 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 40.76667° to 32.033333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Egypt, Israel (type locality), Syria, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Messor rugosus casent0907755 h 1 high.jpgMessor rugosus casent0907755 d 1 high.jpgMessor rugosus casent0907755 p 1 high.jpgMessor rugosus casent0907755 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Messor rugosusWorker. Specimen code casent0907755. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rugosus. Aphaenogaster barbara var. rugosa André, 1881b: 75 (in text) (w.m.) ISRAEL.
    • Type-material: syntype workers, syntype males (numbers not stated).
    • Type-locality: Israel: Jaffa (= Tel Aviv-Yafo) (Abeille de Perrin).
    • [Note: after Jaffa André adds, “et tout l’Orient”, but gives no other localities.]
    • Type-depository: MNHN.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Messor): Forel, 1890a: lxx;
    • combination in Messor: Emery, 1908e: 458.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1891b: 12; Forel, 1906c: 190; Forel, 1907a: 25.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: André, 1883b: 356; Forel, 1890a: lxx.
    • Subspecies of capitatus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 101.
    • Subspecies of structor: Santschi, 1923f: 320 (in text).
    • Status as species: Emery, 1908e: 458; Emery, 1921f: 74; Menozzi, 1933b: 54; Finzi, 1936: 159; Bernard, 1955a: 360 (in key); Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 144; Kugler, J. 1988: 257; Bolton, 1995b: 256; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 42; Borowiec, L. 2014: 111 (see note in bibliography).
    • Distribution: Israel, Syria.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus bodenheimeri.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Ben Mordechai J., and J. Kugler. 1976. Ecology of ants in the desert loess plain (Sede Zin) of Sede Boqer (Central Negev). Israel Journal of Zoology 25: 216-217.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Emery, C.. "Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Messor, Goniomma, Oxyopomyrmex." Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908 (1908): 437-465.
  • Forel A. 1906. Fourmis d'Asie mineure et de la Dobrudscha récoltées par M. le Dr. Oscar Vogt et Mme Cécile Vogt, Dr. méd. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 50: 187-190.
  • Kugler J. 1988. The zoogeography of Israel. 9. The zoogeography of social insects of Israel and Sinai. Monographiae biologicae 62: 251-275.
  • Tohmé, G., and H. Tohmé. "Les fourmis du genre Messor en Syrie. Position systématique. Description de quelques ailés et de formes nouvelles. Répartition géographique." Ecologia Mediterranea 7 (1) (1981): 139-153, fig. 1-22.
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.