Messor capitatus

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Messor capitatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. capitatus
Binomial name
Messor capitatus
(Latreille, 1798)

Messor capitatus casent0010645 profile 1.jpg

Messor capitatus casent0010645 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

A west-European ant, reported also from NW Africa (Rigato & Toni, 2011).

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (type locality), Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Spain.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • capitatus. Formica capitata Latreille, 1798: 46 (w.) FRANCE. Latreille, 1802c: 234 (q.); Mayr, 1855: 463 (m.). Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279; in Atta: Mayr, 1855: 462; in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29; in Stenamma (Messor): Forel, 1902a: 148; in Messor: Ruzsky, 1905b: 744. Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Nasonov, 1889: 37. Subspecies of barbarus: Emery, 1891b: 12; Emery, 1908e: 449; Emery, 1921f: 69; Santschi, 1923f: 325; Santschi, 1925g: 342; Finzi, 1929: 80; Santschi, 1931a: 4. Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 101; Bondroit, 1918: 153; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 40; Bernard, 1967: 147; Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 427; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 57; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 425. Senior synonym of nigra: Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1922c: 97; of galbula, huberiana: Emery, 1921f: 70.
  • huberiana. Formica huberiana Leach, 1825: 290 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of barbarus: Mayr, 1863: 395; of capitatus: Emery, 1921f: 70.
  • galbula. Myrmica galbula Losana, 1834: 326, pl. 36, fig. 5 (w.) ITALY. Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29; of capitatus: Emery, 1921f: 70.
  • nigra. Aphaenogaster barbara var. nigra André, 1883b: 355 (w.q.) FRANCE. Emery, 1908e: 447 (m.). Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Ruzsky, 1902d: 28; in Messor: Emery, 1908e: 446. Junior synonym of capitatus: Menozzi, 1921: 26; Emery, 1922c: 97.

Description

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964b. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. II. Formiche di Sicilia. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. (6) 16: 25-66 (page 40, Status as species)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1968e. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. IV. La fauna mirmecologica delle isole Maltesi ed il suo significato ecologico e biogeografico. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. "Giacomo Doria" 77: 408-559 (page 427, Status as species)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 57, Status as species)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 147, Status as species)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 153, Status as species)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 101, Status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 12, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Emery, C. 1908f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil III. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 437-465 (page 449, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 69, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 70, Senior synonym of galbula and huberiana)
  • Emery, C. 1922d. Messor barbarus (L.). Appunti de sinonimia e di sistematica. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 54: 92-99 (page 97, Senior synonym of nigra)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 461, Junior synonym of barbarus)
  • Finzi, B. 1929. Le forme italiane del genere Messor. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 61: 75-94 (page 80, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Forel, A. 1902a. Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 46: 147-158 (page 148, Combination in Stenamma (Messor))
  • Latreille, P. A. 1798. Essai sur l'histoire des fourmis de la France. Brive: F. Bourdeaux, 50 pp. (page 46, worker described)
  • Latreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Crustacés et des insectes. Tome 3. Familles naturelles des genres. Paris: F. Dufart, xii + 467 pp. (page 234, queen described)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 463, male described)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 462, Combination in Atta)
  • Menozzi, C. 1921. Formiche dei dintorni di Sambiase di Calabria. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 15: 24-32 (page 26, Senior synonym of nigra)
  • Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestvozn. Antropol. Etnogr. Imp. Mosk. Univ. 58: 1-78 (page 37, Junior synonym of barbarus)
  • Rigato, F.; Toni, I. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 744, Combination in Messor)
  • Santschi, F. 1923f. Messor et autres fourmis paléarctiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 30: 317-336 (page 325, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Santschi, F. 1925g. Fourmis d'Espagne et autres espèces paléarctiques (Hymenopt.). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 1: 339-360 (page 342, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Santschi, F. 1931a. Inventa entomologica itineris Hispanici et Maroccani, quod a. 1926 fecerunt Harald et Håkan Lindberg. Fourmis du Bassin Méditerranéen occidental et du Maroc récoltées par MM. Lindberg. Comment. Biol. 3(1 14: 1-13 (page 4, Race/subspecies of barbarus)
  • Schembri, S. P.; Collingwood, C. A. 1981. A revision of the myrmecofauna of the Maltese Islands (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. "Giacomo Doria" 83: 417-442 (page 425, Status as species)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 162, Junior synonym of barbarus)