Messor caducus

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Messor caducus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. caducus
Binomial name
Messor caducus
(Victor, 1839)

Messor caducus casent0010637 profile 1.jpg

Messor caducus casent0010637 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Malta, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Russian Federation (type locality), Slovakia, Turkey.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • caducus. Formica caduca Victor, 1839: 47, pl. 2, fig. d (w.) ARMENIA.
    • Combination in Atta: Mayr, 1863: 395;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29;
    • combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1895a: 179; Emery, 1898c: 125;
    • combination in Messor: Ruzsky, 1905b: 754.
    • Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29; Mayr, 1863: 395; Emery & Forel, 1879: 461; Nasonov, 1889: 37.
    • Junior synonym of semirufus: Emery, 1921f: 72.
    • Subspecies of barbarus: Emery, 1891b: 12; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 100 (footnote); Emery, 1895a: 179; Emery, 1897e: 597; Emery, 1898c: 139.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 100; Ruzsky, 1902d: 28; Ruzsky, 1905b: 754; Kolossov, 1932: 118; Arnol'di, 1977b: 1638, 1641 (in key); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 426; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 271 (in key); Baroni Urbani, Aktaç & Camiltepe, 1989: 291; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 121; Arakelian, 1994: 34; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Schembri & Collingwood, 1995: 154; Petrov, 2006: 92 (in key); Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 139; Paknia, et al. 2008: 154; Lush, 2009: 114; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 14; Legakis, 2011: 9; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 512; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 19; Borowiec, L. 2014: 103 (see note in bibliography); Lebas, et al. 2016: 300; Bračko, 2019: 172; Khalili-Moghadam, et al. 2019: 172.
    • Senior synonym of caucasicola: Arakelian, 1994: 34; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 139.
    • Material of the unavailable name semirubra referred here by Arnol'di, 1977b: 1638; Arakelian, 1994: 35; Bolton, 1995b: 253.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus glabrescens.
  • caucasicola. Messor caducus subsp. caucasicola Arnol'di, 1977b: 1639 (w.q.m.) GEORGIA.
    • Junior synonym of caducus: Arakelian, 1994: 34; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 139.
  • chamberlini Wheeler, W.M. 1915; see under VEROMESSOR.

Description

References

  • Agosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987a. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 60: 51-62 (page 54, see also)
  • Arakelian, G. R. 1994. Fauna of the Republic of Armenia. Hymenopterous insects. Ants (Formicidae). Erevan: Gitutium, 153 pp. (page 34, Senior synonym of caucasicola)
  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1977b. Review of the harvester ants of the genus Messor (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the fauna of the USSR. Zool. Zh. 5 56: 1637-1648 (page 1638, Material of the unavailable name semirubra referred here)
  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 121, Senior synonym of meridionalis)
  • Baroni Urbani, C.; Aktaç, N.; Camlitepe, Y. 1989. Disclosing the mystery of Messor caducus Motschulsky (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 62: 291-301 (page 291, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 12, Revived from synonymy as race of barbarus)
  • Emery, C. 1898c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen. Öfvers. Fin. Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 20: 124-151 (page 125, Combination in Stenamma (Messor))
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 461, Junior synonym of barbarus)
  • Khalini-Moghadam, A., Borowiec, L., Nemati, A. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88: 163–182 (DOI 10.2478/pjen-2019-0013).
  • Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestvozn. Antropol. Etnogr. Imp. Mosk. Univ. 58: 1-78 (page 37, Junior synonym of barbarus)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Junior synonym of barbarus)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 754, Combination in Messor)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 754, Revived status as species)
  • Victor, T. 1839. Insectes du Caucase et des provinces transcaucasiennes. Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. 12: 44-68 (page 47, pl. 2, fig. d worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti, D. and C.A. Collingwood. 1987. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 60: 51-62
  • Aldawood AS, Sharaf MR (2011) Monomorium dryhimi sp. n., a new ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the M. monomorium group from Saudi Arabia, with a key to the Arabian Monomorium monomorium-group. ZooKeys 106: 47–54. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.106.139
  • Baroni Urbani C., N. Aktaç, and Y. Camlitepe. 1989. Disclosing the mystery of Messor caducus Motschulsky (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 62: 291-301.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Emery, C.. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen." Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar (Helsinki) 20 (1898): 124-151.
  • Ghahari H., C. A. Collingwood, M. Tabari, and H. Ostovan. 2009. Faunistic notes on Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of rice fields and surrounding grasslands in northern Iran. Mun. Ent. Zool. 4(1): 184-189.
  • Gomez K. 2017. Two species of exotic ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) new to Malta. Boletin de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa (S.E.A.) 61: 233-235.
  • Karaman M. G. 2009. An introduction to the ant fauna of Macedonia (Balkan Peninsula), a check list (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Natura Montenegrina 8(3): 151-162.
  • Khalili-Moghadam A., L. Borowiec, and A. Nemati. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88 (2): 163–182.
  • Kiran K., and C. Karaman. 2012. First annotated checklist of the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3548: 1-38.
  • Kiran K., and N. Aktac. 2006. The vertical distribution of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Samanh Mountains, Turkey. Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(2): 1105-1122.
  • Lapeva-Gjonova, L., V. Antonova, A. G. Radchenko, and M. Atanasova. "Catalogue of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Bulgaria." ZooKeys 62 (2010): 1-124.
  • Lush M. J. 2009. Some ant records (Hymenoptera; Formicidae) from the Middle East. Zoology in the Middle East 47: 114-116.
  • Lush M.J. 2009. Some ant records (Hymenoptera; Formicidae) from the Middle East. Zoology in the Middle East 47: 114-116.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.
  • Schembri, Stephen P. and Cedric A. Collingwood. A Revision of the Myrmecofauna of the Maltese Islands. 417-442.