Difference between revisions of "Gesomyrmecini"

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{{Taxobox
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|name = Gesomyrmecini
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|regnum = [[Animal]]ia
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|phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
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|classis = [[Insect]]a
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|ordo = [[Hymenoptera]]
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|familia = [[Formicidae]]
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|subfamilia = [[Formicinae]]
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|tribus = Gesomyrmecini
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|tribus_authority = Ashmead, 1905
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|type_genus =''[[Gesomyrmex]]''
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|diversity_link = :Category:List of species
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|diversity = {{Genus Species Diversity|Fossil=}}
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}}
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==Identification==
  
The tribe Gesomyrmecini belongs to the subfamily [[Formicinae]].  For a list of genera contained within this tribe see [[:Category:Gesomyrmecini genera|Gesomyrmecini genera]], for species see [[:Category:Gesomyrmecini species|Gesomyrmecini species]].
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{{ListOfGenera}}
  
Ward et al. (2016) - The tribe Gesomyrmecini is here restricted to Gesomyrmex and two similar fossil taxa (Wheeler 1915). Bolton (2003) also placed Santschiella in Gesomyrmecini, but the molecular results do not support a close relationship between ''[[Gesomyrmex]]'' and ''[[Santschiella]]'' (Blaimer et al. 2015). The similarities between the two—very large eyes, widely separated antennal insertions, and scapes that pass below the eyes (Bolton 2003) - must be interpreted as due to convergence.
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==Nomenclature==
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{{Nomenclature}}
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*GESOMYRMECINI [tribe of Formicinae]
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**Gesomyrmicinae Ashmead, 1905b: 384. Type-genus: ''Gesomyrmex'' Mayr, 1868b: 50.
  
====Synopsis====
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===Taxonomic History===
<br>'''Tribe GESOMYRMECINI'''
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*Gesomyrmecini as subfamily of Formicidae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384 [Gesomyrmicinae].
<br>'''Gesomyrmicinae''' Ashmead, 1905b: 384. Type-genus: Gesomyrmex.
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*Gesomyrmecini as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12 (in text); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 62; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 258 [Gesomyrmecini]; Bolton, 1994: 50; Bolton, 2003: 23, 107; Ward, et al. 2016: 347.
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
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*Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of Dimorphomyrmecini: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12 [Gesomyrmecini retains priority over Dimorphomyrmecini under Article 40.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th Edition), 1999: 46.].
<br>Gesomyrmecini as subfamily of Formicidae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384 [Gesomyrmicinae].
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*Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of Gesomyrmini Forel: Bolton, 1994: 50.
<br>Gesomyrmecini as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 62; Wheeler,  
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*Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of †Sicelomyrmecini: Bolton, 2003: 23, 107; Ward, et al. 2016: 347.
G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 258; Bolton, 1994: 50; Bolton, 2003: 23, 107.  
 
  
<br>'''Junior synonyms of GESOMYRMECINI'''
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==References==
  
<br>'''Dimorphomyrmii''' Emery, 1895j: 772. Type-genus:  Dimorphomyrmex (junior synonym of
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[[category:Tribe]]
Gesomyrmex).
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[[category:Extant tribe]]
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
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[[category:Formicinae]][[category:Gesomyrmecini]]
<br>Dimorphomyrmii as tribe of Camponotinae: Emery, 1895j: 772; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 143;
 
Forel, 1917: 232 [Dimorphomyrmicini].
 
<br>Dimorphomyrmii as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 693 [Dimorphomyrmicini];
 
Emery, 1925b: 39 [Dimorphomyrmicini incorrectly as senior synonym of
 
<br>Gesomyrmecini]; Engel & Grimaldi, 2005: 4  [Dimorphomyrmecini incorrectly as
 
senior synonym of Gesomyrmecini. The latter retains priority over Dimorphomyrmii
 
under Article 40.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th
 
Edition), 1999: 46.]
 
<br>Dimorphomyrmii as junior synonym of Gesomyrmecini: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12; all
 
subsequent authors except the above; Bolton, 2003: 108.
 
 
 
<br>'''Gesomyrmini''' Forel, 1912i: 89 (diagnosis in key). Type-genus: Gesomyrmex.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Gesomyrmini as tribe of Camponotinae: Forel, 1912i: 89; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 107; Forel,
 
1917: 249 [Gesomyrmicini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 693 [Gesomyrmicini].
 
<br>Gesomyrmini as tribe of Formicinae: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 208 [Gesomyrmicini];
 
Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 [Gesomyrmini].
 
<br>Gesomyrmini as junior synonym of Gesomyrmecini Ashmead: Bolton, 1994: 50.
 
 
 
<br>'''Santschiellini''' Forel, 1917: 232. Type-genus: Santschiella.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Santschiellini as tribe of Camponotinae: Forel, 1917: 232.
 
<br>Santschiellini as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 692; Emery, 1925b: 48; all
 
subsequent authors to the following.
 
<br>Santschiellini as junior synonym of Gesomyrmecini: Bolton, 2003: 23, 108.
 
 
 
<br>*'''Sicelomyrmicini''' Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12. Type-genus: *Sicilomyrmex.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>*Sicelomyrmicini as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12; Brown & Carpenter,
 
1979: 423 [*Sicilomyrmecini]; Bolton, 1994: 51.
 
<br>*Sicelomyrmicini as junior synonym of Gesomyrmecini: Bolton, 2003: 23, 108.
 
<br>'''Genera (extant) of Gesomyrmecini''': ''[[Gesomyrmex]]'', ''[[Santschiella]]''.
 
<br>'''Genus (extinct) of Gesomyrmecini''': *''[[Sicilomyrmex]]''.
 
<br>'''Genus incertae sedis in Gesomyrmecini''': *Prodimorphomyrmex.
 
 
 
<br>'''Tribe and genus Gesomyrmex references'''
 
<br>Forel, 1878: 376 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893: 175, 176 (Gesomyrmex, Dimorphomyrmex
 
catalogues); Emery, 1925b: 39 (diagnosis, genera key, catalogue); Emery, 1925b: 46
 
(Dimorphomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925b: 47 (Gesomyrmex diagnosis,
 
catalogue); Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 10 (checklist); Cole, 1949: 76 (all species key); Chapman
 
& Capco, 1951: 208 (Asia checklist); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1970: 652 (larva
 
diagnosis); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 62 (larvae, review & synthesis); Bolton,
 
1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 207 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003: 23, 107 (diagnosis, synopsis); Dlussky, Wappler & Wedmann,
 
2009: 5, 13 (diagnosis of genus, queens key).
 
 
 
[[category:tribe]]
 
[[category:Extant Tribe]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Formicinae]][[category:Gesomyrmecini]]
 
 
[[category:Formicinae tribes]]
 
[[category:Formicinae tribes]]

Revision as of 07:10, 4 December 2019

Gesomyrmecini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Gesomyrmecini
Ashmead, 1905
Type genus
Gesomyrmex
Diversity
1 genera
7 species

Identification

List of Genera

Extant Genera

Gesomyrmex

Fossil Genera

ProdimorphomyrmexSicilomyrmex

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • GESOMYRMECINI [tribe of Formicinae]
    • Gesomyrmicinae Ashmead, 1905b: 384. Type-genus: Gesomyrmex Mayr, 1868b: 50.

Taxonomic History

  • Gesomyrmecini as subfamily of Formicidae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384 [Gesomyrmicinae].
  • Gesomyrmecini as tribe of Formicinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12 (in text); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 62; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 258 [Gesomyrmecini]; Bolton, 1994: 50; Bolton, 2003: 23, 107; Ward, et al. 2016: 347.
  • Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of Dimorphomyrmecini: Wheeler, W.M. 1929a: 12 [Gesomyrmecini retains priority over Dimorphomyrmecini under Article 40.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th Edition), 1999: 46.].
  • Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of Gesomyrmini Forel: Bolton, 1994: 50.
  • Gesomyrmecini as senior synonym of †Sicelomyrmecini: Bolton, 2003: 23, 107; Ward, et al. 2016: 347.

References