Formica scitula

Formica scitula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species group: microgyna
Species: F. scitula
Binomial name
Formica scitula
Wheeler, W.M., 1913

MCZ-ENT00022723 Formica scitula holotype side.jpg

MCZ-ENT00022723 Formica scitula holotype top.jpg

Specimen labels

This distinctive species is only known from the type queen collected at Clayton, Georgia, United States. Subsequent searching in this area has yet to find additional specimens.

At a Glance • Temporary parasite  


The scape of this species is without erect hairs (except the apex), the dorsum of the mesosoma has numerous long, erect hairs, the petiole also has erect hairs, and the gaster has scattered, erect hairs on all surfaces. The tibiae are without erect hairs, except for a row of suberect hairs along the flexor surface. Many of the hairs are blunt-tipped, especially on the dorsum of the mesosoma.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 34.878148° to 34.878148°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


This species is likely to be a temporary parasite of another species of Formica, but its host is unknown.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • scitula. Formica microgyna subsp. scitula Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 470 (q.) U.S.A.
    • Status as species: Creighton, 1950a: 507; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1463; Bolton, 1995b: 203.

Type Material


FEMALE. Length 4.5 mm.

Closely resembling the female of rasilis in color, except that the base of the first gastric segment is brownish red like the head; thorax, petiole, legs, scapes and base of the funiculi, and the wings are faintly but distinctly infuscated. Anal region reddish. Gaster and terminal funicular joints dark brown. The clavate hairs on the head, thorax, and gaster are as long as in the var. spicata but more numerous on the posterior portion of the pronotum and the whole of the mesonotum. Gula with a very few erect hairs. Pubescence very fine and indistinct, except on the gaster. There are no oblique or suberect hairs on the scapes or legs. The body, including the legs and gaster, is smooth and slightly shining, the frontal area subopaque.


  • Creighton, W. S. 1950. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104: 1-585 (page 507, raised to species)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1913. A revision of the ants of the genus Formica (Linné) Mayr. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 53: 379-565 (page 470, queen described)