Formica montana

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Formica montana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. montana
Binomial name
Formica montana
Wheeler, W.M., 1910

Formica montana casent0102154 profile 1.jpg

Formica montana casent0102154 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


This ant nests in mounds of soil, occasionally with thatching. Reproductives were found in nests from May to July. (Mackay and Mackay 2002)


A light brown, hairy species. The metasternal process is well developed and surrounded with erect hairs. There are numerous erect hairs on the ventral surface of the head, the pronotum, propodeum, petiole and gaster. Many (or most) of the hairs are blunt-tipped. There are few hairs along the side of the head, usually extending anteriorly only to the anterior edge of the eye. The cheek is usually without erect hairs, (Mackay and Mackay 2002)

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada, United States (type locality).
Neotropical Region: Mexico.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


In New Mexico (Mackay and Mackay 2002) - Prairies and meadows, up to pinyon-juniper and oak-pine forests.


This species is a host for the .

This species is a host for the slave-making ants and .


This species is a host for the  (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • montana. Formica subpolita var. montana Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 571 (w.) U.S.A. [First available use of Formica fusca subsp. subpolita var. montana Emery, 1893i: 663; unavailable name.] Francoeur, 1973: 70 (q.m.); Hung, 1969: 455 (k.). Raised to species: Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 529. Senior synonym of neocinerea, rutilans: Creighton, 1950a: 534; Francoeur, 1973: 67.
  • neocinerea. Formica cinerea var. neocinerea Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 399 (in key) (w.q.m.) U.S.A. [Formica cinerea var. neocinerea Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 571. Nomen nudum.] Subspecies of cinerea: Buren, 1944a: 301. Junior synonym of montana: Creighton, 1950a: 534.
  • rutilans. Formica cinerea var. rutilans Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 399 (diagnosis in key) (w.) U.S.A. [Formica cinerea subsp. cinerea var. rutilans Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 525; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of montana: Creighton, 1950a: 534.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Francoeur 1973. Figures 74-89.


  • n = 27, 2n = 54 (USA) (Hung, 1969).