Dorylus laevigatus

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Dorylus laevigatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. laevigatus
Binomial name
Dorylus laevigatus
(Smith, F., 1857)

Dorylus laevigatus casent0179069 p 1 high.jpg

Dorylus laevigatus casent0179069 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Evolutionary Relationships

Dorylus laevigatus

Dorylus conradti

Dorylus orientalis

Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex

Dorylus fulvus

Dorylus spininodis

Dorylus mayri

Dorylus nigricans rubellus

Dorylus nigricans molestus

Dorylus nigricans terrificus

Dorylus wilverthi

Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri

Dorylus nigricans sjostedti

Dorylus nigricans arcens

Dorylus nigricans

Dorylus emeryi

Dorylus gerstaeckeri

Dorylus gribodoi

Dorylus kohli

Dorylus emeryi opacus

Dorylus braunsi

Dorylus affinis

Dorylus helvolus

Based on Kronauer et al., 2007. Note only selected Dorylus species are included, and undescribed species are excluded.


A member of the Dorylus laevigatus-group.

Highly polymorphic. Number of antennal segments varying allometrically from 10 to 12. Concolorous yellow brown. (Wilson 1964)


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo (type locality), Indonesia, Malaysia.
Oriental Region: India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Wilson 1964 Army Ant fig 1-14


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • laevigatus. Typhlopone laevigata Smith, F. 1857a: 70 (w.) BORNEO. Forel, 1901a: 464 (q.m.). Combination in Dorylus (Dichthadia): Emery, 1895j: 729. Senior synonym of breviceps: Dalla Torre, 1893: 12; Emery, 1895j: 729; of klugi, glaberrima: Forel, 1901a: 464. See also: Emery, 1895k: 453; Bingham, 1903: 3; Wilson, 1964a: 440.
  • glaberrima. Dichthadia glaberrima Gerstäcker, 1863: 93, pl. 1, fig. 2 (q.) INDONESIA (Java). Combination in Dorylus (Dichthadia): Emery, 1888b: 345. Junior synonym of laevigatus: Forel, 1901a: 464.
  • klugi. Dorylus klugi Emery, 1887b: 448, pl. 1, fig. 10 (m.) INDONESIA (Sumatra) (attributed to Hagenbach). Junior synonym of laevigatus: Forel, 1901a: 464.
  • breviceps. Dorylus (Typhlopone) breviceps Emery, 1889b: 488 (w.) MYANMAR. Combination in D. (Dichthadia): Emery, 1895j: 729. Junior synonym of laevigatus: Emery, 1895j: 729; Bingham, 1903: 3. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of laevigatus: Emery, 1910b: 9. Junior synonym of laevigatus: Wilson, 1964a: 440.



  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 3, see also)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 12, Senior synonym of breviceps)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 729, Combination in Dorylus (Dichthadia), Senior synonym of breviceps)
  • Emery, C. 1895m. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. LXIII. Formiche di Birmania del Tenasserim e dei Monti Carin raccolte da L. Fea. Parte II. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 34[=(2(14): 450-483 (page 453, see also)
  • Forel, A. 1901a. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 13: 462-477 (page 464, queen, male described, Senior synonym of klugi and glaberrima)
  • Kronauer, D. J. C.; Schöning, C.; Vilhelmsen, L. B.; Boomsma, J. J. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Dorylus army ants provides evidence for multiple evolutionary transitions in foraging niche. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: Article 56 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-56).
  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 70, worker described)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1964a. The true army ants of the Indo-Australian area (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dorylinae). Pac. Insects 6: 427-483 (page 440, see also)