Cheliomyrmex morosus

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Cheliomyrmex morosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Tribe: Cheliomyrmecini
Genus: Cheliomyrmex
Species: C. morosus
Binomial name
Cheliomyrmex morosus
(Smith, F., 1859)

Cheliomyrmex morosus casent0003202 profile 1.jpg

Cheliomyrmex morosus casent0003202 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 25.7414° to -14.81°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Belize, Colombia, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico (type locality), Panama, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • morosus. Labidus morosus Smith, F. 1859b: 6 (m.) MEXICO (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype male.
    • Type-locality: Mexico: (no further data).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Combination in Eciton (Labidus): Mayr, 1886d: 441;
    • combination in Mayromyrmex: Ashmead, 1905b:382.
    • combination in Cheliomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 42; Mayr, 1863: 425; Dalla Torre, 1893: 4; Forel, 1899c: 27; Emery, 1900a: 177 (in key); Emery, 1910b: 23; Forel, 1912c: 43; Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324; Mann, 1922: 18; Borgmeier, 1936: 65; Borgmeier, 1955: 63 (redescription); Kempf, 1960e: 387; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Gotwald & Kupiec, 1975: 961; Watkins, 1976: 7 (in key); Watkins, 1982: 209; Bolton, 1995b: 145; Palacio, 1999: 148 (in key); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 254; Palacio, 2019: 588.
    • Senior synonym of nortoni: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324; Borgmeier, 1955: 63; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Bolton, 1995b: 145.
    • Senior synonym of payarum: Borgmeier, 1955: 63; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Bolton, 1995b: 145.
    • Distribution: Belize, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico.
  • nortoni. Cheliomyrmex nortoni Mayr, 1870b: 969 (s.) MEXICO (no state data).
    • Type-material: 2 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Mexico: (no further data) (Norton).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • André, 1887: 294 (w.).
    • Status as species: André, 1887: 294; Dalla Torre, 1893: 7; Forel, 1899c: 30; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 271; Wheeler, W.M. 1909b: 231; Emery, 1910b: 17.
    • Junior synonym of morosus: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324; Borgmeier, 1955: 63; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Bolton, 1995b: 145.
  • payarum. Eciton morosum var. payarum Forel, 1899c: 27 (m.) HONDURAS.
    • Type-material: holotype(?) male.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: Honduras: (no further data) (Staudinger).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Combination in Cheliomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324.
    • Subspecies of morosus: Emery, 1900a: 177 (in key); Forel, 1901h: 49; Emery, 1910b: 23; Wheeler, W.M. 1921d: 324.
    • Junior synonym of morosus: Borgmeier, 1955: 63; Kempf, 1972a: 77; Bolton, 1995b: 145.



  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 63, Senior synonym of payarum)
  • Mayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 419-464 (page 441, Combination in Eciton (Labidus))
  • Smith, F. 1859b [1858]. Catalogue of British fossorial Hymenoptera, Formicidae, and Vespidae, in the collection of the British Museum. London: British Museum, 236 pp. (page 6, male described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1921d. Observations on army ants in British Guiana. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 56: 291-328 (page 324, Senior synonym of nortoni)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Ahuatzin D. A., E. J. Corro, A. Aguirre Jaimes, J. E. Valenzuela Gonzalez, R. Machado Feitosa, M. Cezar Ribeiro, J. Carlos Lopez Acosta, R. Coates, W. Dattilo. 2019. Forest cover drives leaf litter ant diversity in primary rainforest remnants within human-modified tropical landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(5): 1091-1107.
  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology
  • Del Toro, I., M. Vázquez, W.P. Mackay, P. Rojas and R. Zapata-Mata. Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de Tabasco: explorando la diversidad de la mirmecofauna en las selvas tropicales de baja altitud. Dugesiana 16(1):1-14.
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Kempf W. W. 1960. Insecta Amapaensia. - Hymenoptera: Formicidae (segunda contribuição). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)3: 385-400.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Lachaud J. P., and G. Perez-Lachaud. 2013. Revisión preliminar de las hormigas de Campeche y Quintana Roo, México, con base en la colección de Arthropoda del Colegio de la Frontera Sur. In Formicidae de Mexico (eds. M. Vasquez-Bolanos, G. Castano-Meneses, A. Cisneros-Caballero, G. A. Quiroz-Rocha, and J. L. Navarrete-Heredia) p21-32.
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Longino, J.T. 2010. Personal Communication. Longino Collection Database
  • Philpott, S.M., P. Bichier, R. Rice, and R. Greenberg. 2007. Field testing ecological and economic benefits of coffee certification programs. Conservation Biology 21: 975-985.
  • Ulyssea M. A., and C. R. F. Brandao. 2013. Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 57(2): 217–224.
  • Vasquez-Bolanos M. 2011. Checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Mexico. Dugesiana 18(1): 95-133.
  • Villareal, D.G., W.P. Mackay, A.Rebeles Manriguez and S.B. Vinson. New records for the ant Cheliomyrmex morosus in Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 103(2):219-220.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Watkins II, J.F. 1982.The army ants of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ecitoninae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(2): 197-247.
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp
  • Wheeler W. M. 1907. A collection of ants from British Honduras. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 23: 271-277.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1909. Ants collected by Prof. F. Silvestri in Mexico. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 3: 228-238.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1921. Observations on army ants in British Guiana. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 56: 291-328.