This species inhabits subtropical areas and is relatively easy to find because they preferentially occupy open habitats. These ants have been observed to form permanent nests in dry soil; nests can be easily located in bare ground and along roadside. Workers of this species usually forage individually and raise gaster in locomotion. (Wachkoo & Bharti, 2015)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- setipes. Myrmecocystus viaticus r. setipes Forel, 1894c: 401 (w.) INDIA. Ruzsky, 1902d: 9 (q.m.); Imai, et al. 1984: 9 (k.). Combination in Cataglyphis: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 945. Subspecies of bicolor: Emery, 1906d: 58; Emery, 1908g: 217; Santschi, 1929b: 49. Raised to species: Bingham, 1903: 312; Collingwood, 1961: 289; Collingwood, 1961a: 65; Arnol'di, 1964: 1804; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 554. Senior synonym of turcomanica: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 155; Radchenko, 1997c: 435; of dschambulica and material of the unavailable name setipesdesertorum referred here: Radchenko, 1997c: 435. [Radchenko, 1997c: 435 places longipedem as a junior synonym of setipes, but if the synonymy is correct then longipedem has priority; so treated here.] Junior synonym of longipedem: Bolton, unpublished. Status as species: Wachkoo & Bharti, 2015: 3.
- 2n = 52, karyotype = 12M+40A (India) (Imai et al., 1984) (at figure subtitle it is mentioned 2n=54 but it may be a mistake since the formula is correct as desbribed in the results and the karyotype has 26 chromosome pairs).
- Khalini-Moghadam, A., Borowiec, L., Nemati, A. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88: 163–182 (DOI 10.2478/pjen-2019-0013).
- Wachkoo, A., Bharti, H. 2015. Taxonomy and distribution of the ant Cataglyphis setipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Biodiversity Data Journal 3: e4447 (doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4447).