Cataglyphis fortis

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Cataglyphis fortis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. fortis
Binomial name
Cataglyphis fortis
(Forel, 1902)

Cataglyphis fortis casent0906296 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis fortis casent0906296 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

One of two species of Cataglyphis (also Cataglyphis bicolor) that have had their navigational behavior intensively studied for many decades. This has included investigation of the ants’ compasses and odometers, and use of path integration, view-based landmark guidance, and how information from these various navigational routines is combined in computing the courses to steer. Wehner has been at the center of much of this work, and he recently provided a fascinating personal history of studying these ants for 50 years in field sites in Mahrès, Tunisia (Wehner 2019).

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Algeria (type locality), Iraq.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • fortis. Myrmecocystus albicans var. fortis Forel, 1902a: 156 (w.) ALGERIA. Wehner, 1983: 95 (q.m.). [Also described as new by Forel, 1903b: 455.] Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 262. Subspecies of albicans: Santschi, 1929b: 61. Raised to species and senior synonym of halophila: Wehner, 1983: 95.
  • halophila. Cataglyphis halophila Bernard, 1954: 48, figs. c, f, h (w.) ALGERIA. Junior synonym of fortis: Wehner, 1983: 95.

Description

References

  • Aneed, I.K., Augul, R.S. & Al-Bahadyli, L.J.M. 2018. New additional records for ant fauna from Iraq. Pakistan Entomologist 40(2): 63-70.
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 262, Combination in Cataglyphis)
  • Forel, A. 1902a. Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 46: 147-158 (page 156, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1929b. Étude sur les Cataglyphis. Rev. Suisse Zool. 36: 25-70 (page 61, Stirps of albicans)
  • Wahl, V., Pfeffer, S.E., Wittlinger, M. 2015. Walking and running in the desert ant Cataglyphis fortis. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 201: 645–656 (DOI 10.1007/s00359-015-0999-2).
  • Wehner, R. 1983. Taxonomie, Funktionsmorphologie und Zoogeographie der saharischen Wüstenameise Cataglyphis fortis (Forel 1902) stat. nov. (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Senckenb. Biol. (n.s.) 64: 89-132 (page 95, queen, male described)
  • Wehner, R. 1983. Taxonomie, Funktionsmorphologie und Zoogeographie der saharischen Wüstenameise Cataglyphis fortis (Forel 1902) stat. nov. (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Senckenb. Biol. (n.s.) 64: 89-132 (page 95, Raised to species, and senior synonym of halophila)
  • Wehner, R. 2019. The Cataglyphis Mahresienne: 50 years of Cataglyphis research at Mahres. Journal of Comparative Physiology a-Neuroethology Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology. 205:641-659. doi:10.1007/s00359-019-01333-5