Azorsa & Fisher, 2018
Carebara kabosy specimens have been collected from litter samples and pitfall traps in forest habitats. The microhabitats where it occurs include rotten logs, rotten tree stumps, sifted litter, leaf mold, rotten wood, under moss on rotten logs, and under stones.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
Azorsa and Fisher (2018) - Antennae ten-segmented. Major: Head longer than wide, lateral margins convex to nearly straight, posterolateral corners well developed and narrowed posteriorly, posterior margin of head deeply concave in the middle; dorsum of propodeum flat, combined outline of dorsal surface of peduncle and anterior face of node concave to nearly straight in larger major workers, posterior face vertical and nearly straight; gaster with short decumbent hairs and longer subdecumbent hairs. Minor: Head longer than wide, posterior margin of head concave; dorsum of propodeum nearly flat, anterodorsal corner slightly convex, posterodorsal corner with a pair of small triangular teeth; combined outline of dorsal surface of peduncle and anterior face of node concave, posterior face weakly convex.
C. kabosy have three intermediates in the major worker subcaste. The posterolateral corner of head of intermediates 2 and 3 is nearly rounded, and slightly narrowed in intermediate 1, and the posterior margin of the head is deeply concave in all intermediates. The lateral margins of the head are nearly straight in intermediate 3, and slightly convex in intermediates 1 and 2. Eyes are small and reduced to one ommatidium in intermediates 1 and 2 but have up to 20 ommatidia in intermediate 3. Ocelli are absent in intermediate 1, shallowly marked in intermediate 2, and present and well developed in intermediate 3 (one ocellus). Reduced flight sclerites are present in intermediate 3. The dorsum of the mesosoma is convex anteriorly, gradually sloping to the declivity in intermediate 3, but the promesonotum is high and nearly rounded in intermediates 1 and 2. The petiole and postpetiole vary little in shape among all intermediates, but the anterior margin of the petiole is nearly straight in intermediate 3. The propodeum is armed with a pair of triangular teeth in all intermediates. The head is smooth and shiny in front and has longitudinal and parallel rugae in full-face view. The pilosity on the head and body follow the same pattern in all intermediates, but intermediate 3 has more abundant short decumbent to appressed hairs on the gaster.
Carebara kabosy can be confused with Carebara vazimba but can be separated by the length of the propodeal tooth, which is shorter than propodeal spiracle diameter in C. vazimba while in C. kabosy is slightly longer. C. kabosy is distributed in the north, northeastern and northwestern areas of Madagascar, while C. vazimba is present in the north of Madagascar. Other twelve species were recorded at the same localities: Carebara bara, Carebara berivelo, Carebara betsi, Carebara demeter, Carebara grandidieri, Carebara hainteny, Carebara jajoby, Carebara mahafaly, Carebara malagasy, Carebara nosindambo, Carebara raberi, and Carebara salegi.
Keys including this Species
Azorsa and Fisher (2018) - Known from the north, northeastern and northwestern areas of Madagascar. The main habitats were montane forest, montane rainforest, rainforest, and tropical forest at elevations ranging from 25 m to 1325 m.
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: -12.51269° to -19.14194°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.
Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.
Images from AntWeb
|Paratype of Carebara kabosy. Worker. Specimen code casent0437739. Photographer Frank Azorsa, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences.||Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.|
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- kabosy. Carebara kabosy Azorsa & Fisher, 2018: 82, figs. 45, 46, 68 (s.w.) MADAGASCAR.
- Type-material: holotype major worker, 36 paratype major workers, 17 paratype minor workers.
- Type-locality: holotype Madagascar: Antsiranana, Parc Nat. Montagne d’Ambre, 3.6 km. 235° SW Joffreville, -12.53444, 49.1795, 925 m., 20-26.i.2001, BLF02564, montane rainforest (Fisher, Griswold, et al.); paratypes: 35 major workers, 17 minor workers with same data, 1 major worker with same data but BLF02565.
- Type-depositories: CASC (holotype); BMNH, CASC, MCZC, MHNG, NHMB (paratypes).
- Distribution: Madagascar.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Major. (n=31): HL 0.63–1.16 (0.97); HW 0.49–0.91 (0.74); SL 0.25–0.41 (0.34); ML 0.14–0.27 (0.21); EL 0.01–0.09 (0.03); EM 0.17–0.29 (0.27); HD 0.35–0.69 (0.58); WL 0.52–0.96 (0.73); PSL 0.06–0.14 (0.09); PW 0.29–0.58 (0.46); MFL 0.28–0.58 (0.44); MFW 0.07–0.14 (0.10); MTL 0.21–0.46 (0.34); PTL 0.19–0.36 (0.30); PNL 0.09–0.15 (0.12); PTH 0.15–0.28 (0.21); PTW 0.13–0.25 (0.20); PPL 0.12–0.23 (0.18); PPNL 0.11–0.21 (0.16); PPH 0.12–0.24 (0.18); PPW 0.17–0.32 (0.24); GL 0.45–1.36 (0.70); GW 0.37–0.87 (0.63); CI 75–84 (76); MI 22–26 (22); SI 29–43 (35); MLI 57–67 (59); PPLI 53–71 (60); PPI 117–143 (120); PSI 11–16 (12).
Head longer than wide (CI 75–84), in full-face view nearly subrectangular, about 1.2 times longer than wide. Posterior margin of head deeply concave in the middle, pos-terolateral corners well developed, rounded and narrowed posteriorly, lateral margins convex to nearly straight. Mandibles with six teeth. Anterior margin of clypeus concave, and laterally convex. Ocelli absent or present. Antennae with ten segments. Scapes short (HL 0.63–1.16, SL 0.25–0.41, SI 29–43). Eyes present, consisting of one or more ommatidia (EL 0.01–0.09). Supraclypeal area short, triangular and well defined.
In profile view, posterolateral corner of head with a small angulate tooth. Promesonotum high and nearly rounded, metanotal groove deeply impressed. Propodeum lower than promesonotum, and about 15 times higher than long, dorsal face of propodeum flat and declining posteriorly, posterodorsal corners each armed with a triangular tooth, declivity of propodeum concave with thin lateral laminae. Propodeal lobes short and convex. Propodeal spiracle rounded and situated above mid-height of sclerite by about half the diameter of the spiracle, and beyond mid-length of sclerite by about the diameter of the spiracle, distance from propodeal spiracle to posterodorsal corner of propodeum about four times the diameter of the spiracle (PSL 0.06–0.14), and distance to declivity about 1.5 times the diameter of the spiracle. In dorsal view, anterior margin and sides of promesonotum rounded, and about as long as wide; sides of propodeum straight.
Petiole longer than high (PTL 0.19–0.36, PTH 0.15–0.28) and with relatively short peduncle, ventral face medially convex. Combined outline of dorsal surface of peduncle and anterior face of node medially concave, posterior face of node vertical and nearly straight, anterodorsal and posterodorsal corners rounded, dorsum nearly rounded. Subpetiolar process produced as small denticle, almost as large as the diameter of the propodeal spiracle. Postpetiolar node rounded and slightly lower than petiolar node. In dorsal view, postpetiolar node slightly wider than petiolar node (PTW 0.13–0.25, PPW 0.17–0.32) and petiolar node wider than long (PNL 0.09–0.15, PTW 0.13–0.25), anterior and posterior margins of petiole straight, anterior margin of postpetiole straight, and posterior margin convex, sides rounded in petiole, and postpetiole.
Dorsal surface of mandibles, clypeus, supraclypeal area and frons smooth and shiny, with scattered piligerous punctae on head and mandibles. Head with longitudinal and parallel rugae directed to posterior margin of head, gena with longitudinal rugae extending to posterolateral corners. Posterolateral portion of cephalic dorsum smooth and shiny. Sides of pronotum finely areolate, median area smooth and shiny on small and median major workers, areolate katepisternum, metapleuron with longitudinal rugae and finely areolate. Anterior margin of pronotum finely areolate. Petiole, ventral and lateral margins of postpetiole areolate. In dorsal view, promesonotum, and postpetiole smooth and shiny medially, propodeum and petiole finely areolate.
Lateral margins of head with short decumbent hairs and long suberect hairs. Posterior margin of head with short and long suberect hairs. Scapes with appressed hairs. Outer margin of mandibles with short appressed hairs. Mesosoma with short and long suberect hairs. Petiole with long subdecumbent hairs, postpetiole with short appressed hairs and long decumbent hairs. Tibia with appressed hairs. Gaster with short decumbent or ap-pressed hairs and long suberect or sudecumbent hairs. Color yellowish ferruginous.
Minor. (n=29): HL 0.35–0.44; HW 0.31–0.39; SL 0.22–0.28; ML 0.09–0.12; EL 0.01–0.02; EM 0.10–0.13; HD 0.22– 0.28; WL 0.35–0.45; PSL 0.04–0.06; PW 0.18–0.24; MFL 0.22–0.29; MFW 0.05– 0.07; MTL 0.12–0.22; PTL 0.12–0.20; PNL 0.07–0.08; PTH 0.10–0.13; PTW 0.08–0.11; PPL 0.08–0.11; PPNL 0.07–0.10; PPH 0.07–0.10; PPW 0.11–0.15; GL 0.31–0.47; GW 0.23–0.36; CI 84–95; MI 23–28; SI 61–68; MLI 64–80; PPLI 50– 73; PPI 118–150; PSI 11–17.
Head longer than wide (CI 84–95), in full-face view nearly subrectangular, about 1.2 times longer than wide. Posterior margin of head slightly concave in the middle, posterolateral corners rounded, lateral margins slightly convex. Mandibles with five teeth. Anterior margin of clypeus almost straight, and laterally angulate. Antennae with ten segments. Scape fails to reach the posterior margin of head (HL 0.35–0.44, SL 0.22–0.28, SI 61–68). Eyes present, consisting of one ommatidium (EL 0.01– 0.02). Supraclypeal area triangular but not well defined.
In profile view, promesonotum weakly convex, nearly flat, metanotal groove deeply impressed. Propodeum about 1.4 times higher than long, dorsal face of propodeum flat and declining posteriorly, anterodorsal corner of propodeum weakly convex, posterodor-sal corners each armed with a small triangular tooth, declivity weakly concave with thin lateral laminae. Propodeal lobes short and convex. Propodeal spiracle nearly oval and situated weakly above mid-height of sclerite by about half the diameter of the spiracle, and beyond mid-length of sclerite by about 1.5 times the diameter of the spiracle, distance from propodeal spiracle to posterodorsal corner of propodeum about 2.5 times the diameter of the spiracle (PSL 0.04–0.06), and distance to declivity almost the same as the diameter of the spiracle. In dorsal view, anterior margin of promesonotum convex, sides convex and narrowed posteriorly, slightly longer than wide; sides of propodeum straight. Petiole longer than high (PTL 0.12–0.20, PTH 0.10–0.13) and with a short peduncle, ventral face medially convex. Combined outline of dorsal surface of peduncle and anterior face of node medially concave, posterior face weakly convex, anterodorsal and posterodorsal corner rounded, dorsum nearly rounded. Subpetiolar process is reduced to a small convexity, shorter than the diameter of the propodeal spiracle. Postpetiolar node convex and lower than petiolar node. In dorsal view, petiolar node not as broad as postpetiolar node (PTW 0.08–0.11, PPW 0.11–0.15), petiolar node wider than long (PNL 0.07–0.08, PTW 0.08–0.11), anterior and posterior margins of petiole weakly convex, and nearly straight in postpetiole.
Dorsal surface of mandibles, clypeus, supraclypeal area and frons smooth and shiny, with scattered piligerous punctae on head and mandibles. Gena and frontal lobes with longitudinal rugae, and transversely rugose close to posterior margin of head. Mesosoma smooth and shiny, except for katepisternum (areolate) and metapleuron (areolate and with longitudinal rugosities). Petiole and ventral face of postpetiole areolate. In dorsal view, dorsal face of promesonotum, postpetiole and gaster smooth and shiny; anterior margin of promesonotum, dorsum of propodeum and petiole finely areolate.
Lateral margins and posterior margin of head and scape with decumbent hairs. Outer margin of mandibles with appressed hairs. Mesosoma with short subdecumbent hairs and long suberect or subdecumbent hairs. Petiole and postpetiole with short appressed hairs and long subdecumbent hairs. Tibia with appressed hairs. Gaster with short decumbent or appressed hairs and long subdecumbent hairs. Color yellowish ferruginous.
Holotype. (major worker), Madagascar, Antsiranana, Parc National Montagne d’Ambre, 3.6 km 235° SW Joffreville, -12.53444, 49.1795, 925 m, montane rainforest, 20–26.i.2001, (Fisher, Griswold et al.). Collection code BLF02564, (California Academy of Sciences: CASENT0438062). Paratypes: (35 major workers and 17 minor workers), with same data as holotype, 34 major workers (The Natural History Museum: CASENT0438053, CASC: CASENT0437873, CASENT0437718, CASENT0437914, CASENT0437996, CASENT0438102, CASENT0437701, CASENT0437890, CASENT0437950, CASENT0438160, CASENT0437677, CASENT0437753, CASENT0437723, CASENT0437772, CASENT0437702, CASENT0437694, CASENT0437692, CASENT0437948, CASENT0437989, CASENT0437956, CASENT0437793, CASENT0438100, CASENT0437999, CASENT0437787, CASENT0437997, CASENT0438015, CASENT0437988, CASENT0437676, CASENT0437955, CASENT0437691, CASENT0437933, Museum of Comparative Zoology: CASENT0437910, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève: CASENT0437953, Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel: CASENT0437958), and 17 minor workers (BMNH: CASENT0437746, CASC: CASENT0437751, CASENT0437877, CASENT0437886, CASENT0437888, CASENT0437887, CASENT0437739, CASENT0437747, CASENT0437889, CASENT0437891, CASENT0437884, CASENT0437904, CASENT0437895, CASENT0437728, MCZ: CASENT0437880, MHNG: CASENT0437731, NHMB: CASENT0437892), 1 major worker with same data as holotype but with collection code BLF02565, (CASC: CASENT0439968).