Difference between revisions of "Camponotus ustus"

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From Snelling and Torres (1998):  
 
From Snelling and Torres (1998):  
  
Males of the 3 species are similar: all are yellowish to brownish yellow, often with limited darker brownish areas on the head and mesosoma. They are similar in size, about 4.5-5.5 mm long. The smallest of the 3 species is ''[[Camponotus taino]]'', in which males are seldom over 4.6 mm long, but some individuals up to 4.9 mm long have been seen; HW usually falls between 0.69-0.73 mm and occasionally reaches 0.76 mm. Males of the 2 remaining species, ''[[Camponotus kaura]]'' and ''Camponotus ustus'', are usually about 5.4-5.6 mm long, but with some individuals above and below that range. In ''C. ustus'', HW ranges between 0.88 and 0.95 mm; too few are available for a trend to be clear, but HW is usually over 0.90 mm. Males of ''C. kaura'' are a little smaller, with a HW ranging between 0.78 and 0.91 mm, and in over 90% of the 54 males measured it exceeded 0.80 mm, with over 70% falling between 0.82 and 0.91 mm.  
+
Males of the 3 species are similar: all are yellowish to brownish yellow, often with limited darker brownish areas on the head and mesosoma. They are similar in size, about 4.5-5.5 mm long. The smallest of the 3 species is ''[[Camponotus taino Snelling & Torres|Camponotus taino]]'', in which males are seldom over 4.6 mm long, but some individuals up to 4.9 mm long have been seen; HW usually falls between 0.69-0.73 mm and occasionally reaches 0.76 mm. Males of the 2 remaining species, ''[[Camponotus kaura]]'' and ''Camponotus ustus'', are usually about 5.4-5.6 mm long, but with some individuals above and below that range. In ''C. ustus'', HW ranges between 0.88 and 0.95 mm; too few are available for a trend to be clear, but HW is usually over 0.90 mm. Males of ''C. kaura'' are a little smaller, with a HW ranging between 0.78 and 0.91 mm, and in over 90% of the 54 males measured it exceeded 0.80 mm, with over 70% falling between 0.82 and 0.91 mm.  
  
 
The ocelli of ''C. kaura'' males are generally larger, and the 100 ranges between 1.5-2.5 X OD; in most examples, it is 2.2 or less. In both ''C. ustus'' and ''C. taino'', the ocelli are smaller, and the IOD is 2.3-2.6 X OD, usually about 2.5 X OD.  
 
The ocelli of ''C. kaura'' males are generally larger, and the 100 ranges between 1.5-2.5 X OD; in most examples, it is 2.2 or less. In both ''C. ustus'' and ''C. taino'', the ocelli are smaller, and the IOD is 2.3-2.6 X OD, usually about 2.5 X OD.  

Latest revision as of 08:00, 2 August 2020

Camponotus ustus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. ustus
Binomial name
Camponotus ustus
Forel, 1879

MCZ ENT Camponotus ustus hal.jpg

MCZ ENT Camponotus ustus had.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

This species has been collected numerous times. Its biology remains unknown.

Identification

Snelling and Torres (1998): Female castes. Head margins (major) distinctly convergent below or (media, minor, gyne) subparallel, without standing setae between mandible and dorsoiateral angle; antennal scape with sparse erect setae along shaft; free clypeal margin transverse, thick and with median, broadly triangular beveled area; mandible with seven teeth (sometimes obscurely so).

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Dominican Republic, Greater Antilles, Grenada, Haiti, Puerto Rico.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ustus. Camponotus ustus Forel, 1879a: 75 (s.w.q.m.) VIRGIN IS (St Thomas I.).
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1974a: 61 (l.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1914a: 267;
    • combination in C. (Pseudocolobopsis): Emery, 1920b: 259;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 205; Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 255; Emery, 1896d: 375 (in list); Forel, 1901h: 70; Wheeler, W.M. 1905b: 135; Forel, 1907e: 11; Wheeler, W.M. 1908a: 156; Wheeler, W.M. 1911b: 170; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 54; Emery, 1925b: 158; Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 205; Smith, M.R. 1937: 871; Kempf, 1972a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2 (redescription); Lubertazzi, 2019: 92.
    • Senior synonym of depolitus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Senior synonym of furnissi: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Senior synonym of larvigerus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Senior synonym of maculifrons: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Senior synonym of sublautus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
    • Senior synonym of ulysses: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • depolitus. Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) ustus var. depolitus Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 205 (s.w.m.) DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.
    • Subspecies of ustus: Kempf, 1972a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 96.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • furnissi. Camponotus ustus var. furnissi Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 55 (s.w.q.) HAITI.
    • Combination in C. (Pseudocolobopsis): Emery, 1925b: 158;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Kempf, 1972a: 73.
    • Subspecies of ustus: Emery, 1925b: 158; Kempf, 1972a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 101.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • larvigerus. Camponotus larvigerus Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 52, fig. 23 (s.w.q.) HAITI.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1914a: 267;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 81.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1925b: 81; Menozzi & Russo, 1930: 166; Wheeler, W.M. 1936b: 205; Kempf, 1972a: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 107.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • maculifrons. Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) larvigerus var. maculifrons Menozzi & Russo, 1930: 167 (s.w.) DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.
    • Subspecies of larvigerus: Kempf, 1972a: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 110.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • sublautus. Camponotus ustus var. sublautus Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 55 (s.w.) HAITI.
    • Combination in C. (Pseudocolobopsis): Emery, 1925b: 158;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Kempf, 1972a: 73.
    • Subspecies of ustus: Emery, 1925b: 158; Kempf, 1972a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 125.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling & Torres, 1998: 2.
  • ulysses. Camponotus ustus var. ulysses Forel, 1907e: 11 (s.w.q.m.). HAITI.
    • Combination in C. (Pseudocolobopsis): Emery, 1925b: 158;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Kempf, 1972a: 73.
    • Subspecies of ustus: Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 54; Emery, 1925b: 158; Kempf, 1972a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 128.
    • Junior synonym of ustus: Snelling, R.R. & Torres, 1998: 2.

Description

Worker

Snelling&Torres1998-Camponotus ustus.jpg

Snelling and Torres (1998): Major worker, measurements (mm) (n=30): HW 1.64-2.26 (2.04); HL 1.95- 2.46 (2.14); SL 1.95-2.05 (-); WL 2.6-3.1 (-); TL 7.5-8.7. Ratios and indices: CI 105-119 (105); SI 83-103 (-); OI 20-25 (24); OMR 48-60 (56). Note: due to the poor condition of the one major worker in the syntypic series some measurements were not possible, hence the (-).

Head slightly longer than wide in frontal view, sides gently curved and strongly convergent below, LHW about 0.68 X HW; vertex concave between distinct dorsolateral lobes. Eyes relatively small and, in frontal view, outer margins short of lateral head margins by more than minimum diameter of scape. Frontal lobes narrow, greatest intercarinal distance about 0.32 X HW; upper intercarinal distance about 0.8 X greatest intercarinal distance. Clypeal midline weakly subangulate for most of its length, terminating below in broadly triangular median beveled area; free (ventral) margin thick, straight between obtuse lateral angles. Antennal scape moderately broadened distad, apex well beyond summit of dorsolateral lobes; mandible with 7 teeth.

Front of head shiny, surfaces coarsely tessellate, clypeus and lower malar area less shiny, more finely tessellate; entire front of head sparsely and minutely punctate, clypeus with few fine punctures but with coarser setigerous punctures. Mandible about as shiny as clypeus, with obscure minute punctures and scattered coarser setigerous punctures. Posterior surface of head shinier between sparse to scattered minute punctures and coarser piligerous punctures.

Side of head (including malar area) without erect setae; eyes bare; vertex and upper frons with 3-5 erect setae on each side, outermost shortest; frontal lobes with 5 long erect setae along each margin and shorter submedian dorsal pair. Clypeus with usual basal seta pair and 4-6 similar discal hairs; usual fringe of widely spaced long curled setae along free margin; hypostomal area with 2-4 short erect setae. Distal two-thirds of scape shaft with variable number of short erect setae that are shorter than distance between them.

Mesosoma robust, dorsum moderately convex in profile, metanotal depression absent; propodeum strongly curved and without definite posterior declivity. Pronotal dorsum about 1.1 X as wide as long and almost 4 X as wide as propodeum at summit of "declivity." Profemur about 3.5 X as long as deep.

Pronotum with 4-6 long erect setae on each side that are weakly inclined forward, longest about 0.9 X MOD; mesonotum with (usually) 3 seta pairs, middle pair longest; summit of propodeal "declivity" with 4 or 5 long setae. Profemur with 1-3 long setae on posterior face and about 6 well-spaced, short setae along ventral margin, longest about 0.20 X depth of femur; meso- and metafemora each with variable number of ventral setae on basal one-fourth to one-third; tibiae without erect or suberect setae; meso- and metatibiae without row of graduated bristles along flexor surface.

Petiole scale thin-cuneate in profile, summit acute; summit, in posterior view, broadly and evenly convex; summit with 3-4 long setae on each side, longest at least subequal to longest pronotal setae.

Gaster moderately shiny, weakly transversely lineolate. T1 with 2 or 3 weakly defined rows of long discal setae in addition to marginal row; longest setae at summit of basal declivity longer than MOD; each following tergum with 1-3 ill-defined transverse rows of long setae.

Color yellowish to brownish or reddish yellow, usually with lower face and frons conspicuously darker; mesosoma with varying degrees of infuscation; terga more or less brown banded.

Media and minor workers, measurements (mm) (n=45): HW 1.07-1.41; HL 1.49-1.80; SL 1.79-1.96; WL 2.3-2.7; TL 6.2-7.7. Ratios and indices: CI 127-141; SI 109-122; OI 27-28; OMR 65-71. Generally similar to major workers, but more slender and with more elongate and parallel-sided heads that lack defined dorsolateral lobes.

Queen

From Snelling and Torres (1998): measurements (mm) (n=6): HW 1.58-1.86; HL 1.84-2.12; SL 1.68-1.90; WL 3.4-3.8; TL 10.1-10.7. Ratios and indices: CI 114-119; SI 87-90; OI 29-32; OMR 83-91.

Head margins less convergent below than in major worker, LHW about 0.74 X HW; vertex weakly convex and without defined dorsolateral lobes. Eyes large and extending slightly beyond head margins in frontal view; ocelli small, IOD about 3 X OD; OVD (frontal view) about 2.5 X OD. Scape surpassing vertex margin by about 0.3 X SL. Sculpture and pilosity about as described above for major.

Mesosoma normal-shaped for alate female. Propodeum with short dorsal face, broadly rounded into declivity and with several (4-6) long setae slightly above middle of declivity. Legs as described above.

Petiole and gaster about as described above.

Male

From Snelling and Torres (1998):

Males of the 3 species are similar: all are yellowish to brownish yellow, often with limited darker brownish areas on the head and mesosoma. They are similar in size, about 4.5-5.5 mm long. The smallest of the 3 species is Camponotus taino, in which males are seldom over 4.6 mm long, but some individuals up to 4.9 mm long have been seen; HW usually falls between 0.69-0.73 mm and occasionally reaches 0.76 mm. Males of the 2 remaining species, Camponotus kaura and Camponotus ustus, are usually about 5.4-5.6 mm long, but with some individuals above and below that range. In C. ustus, HW ranges between 0.88 and 0.95 mm; too few are available for a trend to be clear, but HW is usually over 0.90 mm. Males of C. kaura are a little smaller, with a HW ranging between 0.78 and 0.91 mm, and in over 90% of the 54 males measured it exceeded 0.80 mm, with over 70% falling between 0.82 and 0.91 mm.

The ocelli of C. kaura males are generally larger, and the 100 ranges between 1.5-2.5 X OD; in most examples, it is 2.2 or less. In both C. ustus and C. taino, the ocelli are smaller, and the IOD is 2.3-2.6 X OD, usually about 2.5 X OD.

Pilosity of the antennal scape is consistently different between the 3 species. In C. kaura, it consists exclusively of fine, fully appressed pubescence, except for several long, suberect distal setae. The scapal pubescence of C. taino, in contrast, is abundant, coarse, and subdecumbent to suberect; the setae are quite short, less than 0.025 mm long. Camponotus ustus is also provided with an abundance of similar short setae, but in addition there are scattered fine suberect setae that are about 0.08 mm long.

The metatibiae reflect similar differences: setae are fine and fully appressed in C. kaura, relatively coarse and subdecumbent to suberect and uniformly short in C. taino, and, finally, similar to C. taino, but with additional scattered longer setae in C. ustus.

Type Material

Soldier, worker, gyne, male. St. Thomas, B.W.I.; syntypes Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.

References

  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 259, Combination in C. (Pseudocolobopsis))
  • Forel, A. 1879a. Études myrmécologiques en 1879 (deuxième partie [1re partie en 1878]). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 16: 53-128 (page 75, soldier, worker, queen, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 267, Combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Snelling, R. R.; Torres, J. A. 1998. Camponotus ustus Forel and two similar new species from Puerto Rico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contr. Sci. (Los Angel.) 469: 1-10 (page 2, Senior synonym of depolitus, furnissi, larvigerus, maculifrons, sublautus, ulysses.)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1974a. Ant larvae of the subfamily Formicinae: third supplement. J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 9: 59-64 (page 61, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1936c. Ants from Hispaniola and Mona Island. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 80: 195-211 (page 205, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Forel A. 1901. Formiciden des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Hamburg. Neue Calyptomyrmex-, Dacryon-, Podomyrma- und Echinopla-Arten. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 18: 43-82.
  • Forel A. 1902. Quatre notices myrmécologiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 46: 170-182.
  • Forel A. 1907. Formiciden aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg. II. Teil. Neueingänge seit 1900. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 24: 1-20.
  • Garcia M. A. The vulnerability of leaflitter ants to forest disturbances in the islands of Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles. Novitates Caribaea 13: 74-91.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Menozzi C, Russo G. 1930. Contributo alla conoscenza della mirmecofauna della Repubblica Dominicana (Antille). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici. 24: 148-173.
  • Perez-Gelabert D. E. 2008. Arthropods of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti): A checklist and bibliography. Zootaxa 1831:1-530.
  • Smith M. R. 1937. The ants of Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 20: 819-875.
  • Snelling R. R., and J. A. Torres. 1998. Camponotus ustus Forel and two similar new species from Puerto Rico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Contributions in Science (Los Angeles). 469: 1-10.
  • Torres J.A. 1984. Niches and Coexistence of Ant Communities in Puerto Rico: Repeated Patterns. Biotropica 16(4): 284-295.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 79-135.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1908. The ants of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 24: 117-158.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1942. Studies of Neotropical ant-plants and their ants. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 90: 1-262.
  • Wheeler W. M., and W. M. Mann. 1914. The ants of Haiti. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 33: 1-61.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1911. Ants Collected in Grenada, W.I. by Mr. C. T. Brues. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparitive Zoology at Harvard College. 54(5):166-172.
  • Wheeler, William Morton. 1936. Ants From Hispaniola and Mona Island. Bulletin: Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 80(2):192-211.