Camponotus oasium

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
The printable version is no longer supported and may have rendering errors. Please update your browser bookmarks and please use the default browser print function instead.
Camponotus oasium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. oasium
Binomial name
Camponotus oasium
Forel, 1890

Camponotus oasium casent0249629 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus oasium casent0249629 d 1 high.jpg



Keys including this Species


Khalili-Moghadam et al. (2019) examined specimens similar to the C. oasium morphotype from Fars province in Iran, but their conspecificity with true C. oasium is uncertain.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 37.7° to 16.967778°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Mali, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria (type locality), Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Oman, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

Explore-icon.png Explore: Show all Associate data or Search these data. See also a list of all data tables or learn how data is managed.
  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Aphis craccivora (a trophobiont) (Shiran et al., 2013; Saddiqui et al., 2019).
  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Aphis frangulae (a trophobiont) (Shiran et al., 2013; Saddiqui et al., 2019).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • oasium. Camponotus rubripes r. oasium Forel, 1890a: lxv (s.w.q.) ALGERIA.
    • Forel, 1902a: 158 (m.).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1905d: 40 (fig. caption); Forel, 1907a: 30; Forel, 1907e: 16; Emery, 1908a: 194; Forel, 1909e: 389; Karavaiev, 1910b: 9; Santschi, 1910f: 234; Karavaiev, 1912a: 21; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 173; Stitz, 1917: 351; Emery, 1920c: 6; Emery, 1924a: 8; Emery, 1925b: 99; Menozzi, 1927g: 380; Santschi, 1929g 165; Menozzi, 1932e: 453; Santschi, 1934f: 172; Santschi, 1939d: 78; Finzi, 1940: 163.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Emery, 1891b: 18; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 241 (footnote), 245; Forel, 1894d: 5; Forel, 1895d: 232; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list); Forel, 1902a: 158; Forel, 1903b: 457; Forel, 1904b: 379; Forel, 1904c: 12; Ruzsky, 1923: 2.
    • Subspecies of compressus: Menozzi, 1934: 156.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 245; Collingwood, 1961a: 75; Collingwood, 1985: 282; Bolton, 1995b: 114; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 374; Radchenko, 1996b: 1202 (in key). Radchenko, 1997d: 809; Tohmé & Tohmé, 2000: 387 (redescription); Mohamed, Zalat, et al. 2001: 43; Paknia, et al. 2008: 153; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 451; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 53 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 38; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 138.
    • Senior synonym of bactrianus: Radchenko, 1997d: 809.
    • Senior synonym of ruzskyellus: Radchenko, 1997d: 809.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus ninivae.
  • bactrianus. Camponotus bactrianus Pisarski, 1967: 411, figs. 77-81 (s.w.q.) AFGHANISTAN.
    • Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Pisarski, 1970: 322.
    • Status as species: Pisarski, 1970: 322; Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 129; Bolton, 1995b: 87; Radchenko, 1996b: 1202 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of oasium: Radchenko, 1997d: 809.
  • ruzskyellus. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. ruzskyellus Forel, 1922: 98 (w.) KAZAKHSTAN.
    • Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 104.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1925b: 104; Bolton, 1995b: 121.
    • Junior synonym of oasium: Radchenko, 1997d: 809.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230-302.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Collingwood, C. A.. "Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7 (1985): 230-302.
  • Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16.
  • Diame L., R. Blatrix, I. Grechi, J. Y. Rey, C. A. Bassirou Sane, J. F. Vayssieres, H. de Bon, and K. Diarra. 2015. Relations between the design and management of Senegalese orchards and ant diversity and community composition. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 212: 94-105.
  • Dlussky G. M., O. S. Soyunov, and S. I. Zabelin. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp.
  • Elbanna S. M. 2011. Ant-Acacia interaction: chemical or physical physical defense? Entomological Research 41: 135–141.
  • Emery, C.. "Formiche della Cirenaica raccolte dal Dott. Enrico Festa e dal Prof. Filippo Silvestri." Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 56 (1924): 6-11.
  • Finzi, B.. "Formiche della Libia." Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 18 (1940): 155-166.
  • Forel A. 1890. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 34: lxi-lxxvi.
  • Forel A. 1904. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 12: 1-52.
  • Forel A. 1904. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388.
  • Forel A. 1907. Formicides du Musée National Hongrois. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 5: 1-42.
  • Forel A. 1909. Études myrmécologiques en 1909. Fourmis de Barbarie et de Ceylan. Nidification des Polyrhachis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 45: 369-407.
  • Forel, A.. "Die Sitten und Nester einiger Ameisen der Sahara bei Tugurt und Biskra." Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gessellschaft or Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique Suisse 10 (1903): 453-459.
  • Forel, A.. "Les Formicides de la Province d'Oran (Algérie)." Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 30 (1894): 1-45.
  • Forel, A.. "Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl." Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 46 (1902): 147-158.
  • Forel, A.. "Miscellanea myrmécologiques." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 12 (1904): 1-52.
  • Ghahari H., C. A. Collingwood, M. Tabari, and H. Ostovan. 2009. Faunistic notes on Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of rice fields and surrounding grasslands in northern Iran. Mun. Ent. Zool. 4(1): 184-189.
  • Karaman C., and N. Aktaç. 2013. Descriptions of four new species of Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a key for the worker caste of the Camponotus of Turkey. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 86(1): 36-56.
  • Karavaiev V. 1911. Ameisen aus Transkaspien und Turkestan. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 39: 1-72.
  • Karavaiev V. 1912. Ameisen aus Tunesien und Algerien, nebst einigen unterwegs in Italien gesammelten Arten. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 12: 1-22.
  • Menozzi C. 1927. Risultati zoologici della Missione inviata dalla R. Società Geografica Italiana per l'esplorazione dell'Oasi di Giarabub (1926-1927). Formicidae (Hymenoptera).. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria. 52: 379-382.
  • Menozzi C. 1932. Spedizione scientifica all'Oasi di Cufra (marzo-luglio 1931). Formiche.. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria. 55: 451-456.
  • Menozzi C. 1934. Reperti mirmecofaunistici raccolti dal Prof. L di Caporiacco nelle oasi di Cufra e in altre localita del deserto Libico. Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena (6)13(65): 153-166
  • Mohamed, S., S. Zalat, H. Fadl, S.Gadalla and M. Sharaf. 2001. Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3:40-61
  • Orabi G. M., F. M. Semida, M. S. Abdel-Dayem, M. R. Sharaf, and S. M. Zalat. 2011. Diversity patterns of ants along an elevation gradient at St. Catherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoology in the Middle East 54(1): 101-112.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.
  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2011. Hierarchical partitioning of ant diversity: implications for conservation of biogeographical diversity in arid and semi-arid areas. Diversity and Distributions 17: 122-131.
  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2014. Niche-based processes and temporal variation of environment drive beta diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in dryland ecosystems of Iran. Myrmecological News 20: 15-23.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Pisarski B. 1967. Fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) d'Afghanistan récoltées par M. Dr. K. Lindberg. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 24: 375-425.
  • Santschi, F.. "Note additionnelle aux fourmis du Sahara central récoltées par la Mission du Hoggar (février-mars 1928)." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 20 (1929): 164-166.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004
  • Stitz, H.. "Ameisen aus dem westlichen Mittelmeergebiet und von den Kanarischen Inseln." Mitteilungen aus den Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 8 (1917): 333-353.
  • Wheeler W. M. and W. M. Mann. 1916. The ants of the Phillips Expedition to Palestine during 1914. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60: 167-174.
  • Wheeler W. M., and W. M. Mann. 1916. The ants of the Phillips Expedition to Palestine during 1914. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60: 167-174.