Difference between revisions of "Camponotus atriceps"

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**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 87.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 87.
 +
*''costaricensis. Camponotus abdominalis'' var. ''costaricensis'' Forel, 1899c: 132 (w.) COSTA RICA.
 +
**Menozzi, 1927d: 339 (q.).
 +
**Combination in ''C. (Myrmothrix)'': Emery, 1925b: 107.
 +
**As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1936b: 212; Kempf, 1972a: 61.
 +
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Forel, 1902b: 170; Forel, 1914e: 13; Emery, 1925b: 107; Menozzi, 1927c: 268; Menozzi, 1927d: 339; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 256.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 94.
 
*''cupiens. Camponotus abdominalis'' subsp. ''cupiens'' Forel, 1908c: 410 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
 
*''cupiens. Camponotus abdominalis'' subsp. ''cupiens'' Forel, 1908c: 410 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
 
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Forel, 1911e: 290; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Eidmann, 1936b: 94; Santschi, 1936b: 210 Santschi, 1939e: 328; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
 
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Forel, 1911e: 290; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Eidmann, 1936b: 94; Santschi, 1936b: 210 Santschi, 1939e: 328; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
Line 205: Line 212:
 
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82.
 
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 96.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 96.
 +
*''epistomatus. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis'' st. ''epistomatus'' Santschi, 1936b: 208 (w.) COLOMBIA.
 +
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Kempf, 1972a: 60.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 97.
 
*''esuriens. Formica esuriens'' Smith, F. 1858b: 54 (s.w.) MEXICO (no state data).
 
*''esuriens. Formica esuriens'' Smith, F. 1858b: 54 (s.w.) MEXICO (no state data).
 
**Norton, 1868c: 1 (q.m.).
 
**Norton, 1868c: 1 (q.m.).
Line 248: Line 259:
 
*''romani. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis'' subsp. ''romani'' Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
 
*''romani. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis'' subsp. ''romani'' Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
 
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Emery, 1925b: 108; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Santschi, 1936b: 215; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
 
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Emery, 1925b: 108; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Santschi, 1936b: 215; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 +
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 86.
 +
*''stercorarius. Camponotus atriceps'' r. ''stercorarius'' Forel, 1885a: 340 (w.q.m.) GUATEMALA.
 +
**Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 196 (l.).
 +
**Combination in ''C. (Myrmothrix)'': Crawley, 1916b: 376.
 +
**Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 253.
 +
**Subspecies of ''atriceps'': Emery, 1890b: 56; Emery, 1894k: 61.
 +
**Subspecies of ''abdominalis'': Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 219 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 133; Forel, 1901h: 70; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 276; Forel, 1908b: 71; Forel, 1908e: 62; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 349; Crawley, 1916b: 376; Forel, 1922: 99; Mann, 1922: 53; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5; Emery, 1925b: 108; Donisthorpe, 1927b: 404; Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 28; Santschi, 1936b: 213; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
 
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 
**Junior synonym of ''abdominalis'': Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 86.
 
**Junior synonym of ''atriceps'': Bolton, 1995b: 86.

Latest revision as of 10:16, 1 August 2020

Camponotus atriceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. atriceps
Binomial name
Camponotus atriceps
(Smith, F., 1858)

Camponotus atriceps casent0178616 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus atriceps casent0178616 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Subspecies
Synonyms

This ant is known to be a synanthropic species. De Oliveira et al. (2015) found two colonies of C. atriceps opportunistically nesting in Cecropia pachystachya trees (southwest Bahia, Brazil).

Photo Gallery

  • Foraging worker from Tobago. Photo by Tom Murray.
  • Camponotus atriceps infected by Ophiocordyceps camponoti-atricipis, biting onto a leaf edge. (Photo by João P. M. Araújo)
  • Camponotus atriceps infected by Ophiocordyceps camponoti-atricipis biting onto a liana, after a heavy rain at Brazilian Amazon. (Photo by João P. M. Araújo)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States.
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

De la Mora et al. (2016) found this species nesting in logs found in coffee farms in the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. A small percentage of pupae were found to be parasitized by eucharitid wasps.

Koch et al. (2018) sampled this species in Caryocar barsiliense trees, in southeastern Brazil cerrado, as part of a study examining species interactions in ant-plants.

Leite et al. (2013) studied the foraging behavior of Celeus obrieni (Kaempfer's Woodpecker), a bamboo specialists that feeds on ants. This field study was conducted in central-western Brazil on the plains of the Araguiai River from 2008-2010. The research focused on foraging by C. obrieni on Guadua paniculata, a large bamboo species, in cerradão habitat. Celeus obrieni are known to forage and breed in patches of G. paniculata. Ants use the hollow stems of the bamboo as a nesting resource.

Leite et al. found the woodpeckers, in comparison with standardized foraging observations on other plants around these same sites, concentrated their foraging on bamboo. A sample of stems (n = 900) that were not visited by the woodpecker showed ~40% contained ant nests. Thirteen ant species were found, with three being common (76% of all nests): Azteca fasciata, Camponotus atriceps, and Camponotus depressus. Most nests for these were located 2-4 m from the ground. Dead stems (59%) contained more nests than live stems. A second set of bamboo stem samples, those foraged on and drilled into by C. obrieni, were also inspected. Drilling was concentrated at the same height where the majority of ant nests were found in the unforaged-stem samples. Despite the much larger proportion of live stems within each stand, more dead (62%) than live stems were drilled. Fifty-nine percent of the drilled stems contained ant colonies. Nests of Camponotus depressus were the most common, Azteca fasciata less frequent, and Camponotus atriceps found in only four of the drilled stems.

Vanoye-Eligio et al. (2020) provide the following notes based on collections using Multilure-type traps from northeastern Mexico: Four worker minors and 1 major of Camponotus atriceps were detected. This is a synanthropic species often observed nesting on trunks in coffee farms (De la Mora et al. 2015).

Association with Other Organisms

Diptera

This species is a host for the Microdon fly Microdon fulgens (a predator) in Florida, Georgia (type), New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Texas (Wiedemann, 1830).

Hymenoptera

  • This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Obeza floridana (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).
  • This species is a host for the eulophid wasp Horismenus floridensis (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).

Fungi

This taxon is a host for the fungi Ophiocordyceps camponoti-atricipis (Araujo et al., 2018; Shrestha et al., 2017; Sobczak et al., 2017), Ophiocordyceps lloydii and Ophiocordyceps unilaterialis (Araujo et al., 2018; Shrestha et al., 2017).

Sobczak et al. (2017) - Studied C. atriceps infection by Ophiocordyceps camponoti-atricipis (an Entomopathogenic fungi) in an Atlantic forest biome area in Brazil. Describing the fungi: "All parasitized ants presented an abundant and visible external mycelium covering its thorax and mouthparts. The fruiting bodies of the fungi are initially white, turning light-brown over time. Single stroma produced from dorsal pronotum, averaging 8.6–16.9 mm, cylindrical, velvety and ginger brown at the base, becoming cram-pinkish towards apex. Fertile region of lateral cushions chocolate brown, darkening with age, variable in size. Perithecia immersed in the stroma, partially erumpent, flask-shaped, averaging 2–2.3 mm. Region near the stroma basis with short, exposed neck or ostiole, averaging 0.8–1.4 mm above the ant’s dorsal pronotum." The majority of the ants were found attached to leaves, biting onto the edge with closed mandibles, of coffee plants (Coffea arabica) at a height of 100-250 cm. It is unclear how typical such a response, i.e., height, plant leaf, plant species, etc., specificity holds for these two species but there does appear to be some behavioral modification produced by the fungus.

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • atriceps. Formica atriceps Smith, F. 1858b: 44 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Pará, Rio de Janeiro).
    • Replacement name for Formica abdominalis Fabricius, 1804: 409. [Junior primary homonym of Formica abdominalis Latreille, 1802c: 175 (Bolton, 1995b: 86).]
    • [Note: atriceps oldest junior synonym of abdominalis Fabricius (synonymy by Roger, 1862c: 285, confirmed by Hashmi, 1973: 83); hence atriceps first available replacement name (Bolton, 1995b: 83).]
    • Mayr, 1862: 660 (q.); Forel, 1878: 76 (m.); Mariano, et al. 2001: 269 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 660; Roger, 1862c: 285.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Roger, 1862c: 285; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 4; Dalla Torre, 1893: 220; Forel, 1895b: 101; Emery, 1896d: 372; Forel, 1899c: 131; Santschi, 1913h: 42; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 148; Kusnezov, 1952d: 197; Hashmi, 1973: 83; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Synonym of abdominalis: Forel, 1879a: 76.
    • [Note: Forel, 1879a: 76 gives atriceps as senior synonym, but abdominalis has priority.]
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1906c: 187; Forel, 1911c: 310; Santschi, 1912e: 534; Forel, 1912i: 70; Bruch, 1914: 228; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 349; Mann, 1916: 476; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Donisthorpe, 1927b: 404; Santschi, 1936b: 208; Kusnezov, 1952d: 197; Kempf, 1972a: 59.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1862: 660 (redescription); Mayr, 1870a: 377; Forel, 1879a: 76; Mayr, 1884: 30; Forel, 1885a: 339 (redescription); Mayr, 1886d: 423; Cresson, 1887: 255; Emery, 1888c: 364; Emery, 1890a: 70; Emery, 1890b: 56; Cameron, 1891: 89; von Jhering, 1894: 372; Emery, 1894k: 61; Bolton, 1995b: 86; Wild, 2007b: 27; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012: 255; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 111; Wetterer, et al. 2016: 9; Mackay & Mackay, 2019: 752.
    • Senior synonym of atricipitoesuriens: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of costaricensis: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of cupiens: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of depressidens: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of epistomatus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of esuriens: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of fuchsae: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of fulvacea: Mayr, 1877a: 377; Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of fumata: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of laevilata: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of mediopallidus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of rabidus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of romani: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of stercorarius: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of taeniatus: Mayr, 1870a: 378 (in text); Forel, 1879a: 76; Forel, 1895b: 101; Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of transvectus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of ustulatus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • Senior synonym of vulpinus: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
    • [Note: all the junior synonyms in Bolton, 1995b: 86, were initially synonymised with the junior primary homonym abdominalis Fabricius, by Hashmi, 1973: 82–83.]
    • Material of the unavailable names defrictus, flavobasalis, luisae, misionensis, panamanus referred to abdominalis by Hashmi, 1973: 82-83, Brandão, 1991: 334; referred to atriceps by Bolton, 1995b: 87.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus nocens (status uncertain): Hashmi, 1973: 120; Bolton, 1995b: 114.
  • abdominalis. Formica abdominalis Fabricius, 1804: 409 (w.) (no state data, “Habitat in America meridionali”).
    • [Junior primary homonym of Formica abdominalis Latreille, 1802c: 175 (Emery, 1921a: 25).]
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 196 (l.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1862c: 285;
    • combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Forel, 1912i: 91.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 219; Forel, 1895b: 101; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 131; Forel, 1901c: 136; Wheeler, W.M. 1905b: 133; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 276; Forel, 1907e: 10; Forel, 1908b: 71; Forel, 1908e: 62; Santschi, 1913h: 42; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 349; Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 14; Wheeler, W.M. 1916d: 330; Mann, 1916: 476; Crawley, 1916b: 376; Wheeler, W.M. 1922c: 15; Mann, 1922: 53; Santschi, 1922c: 107; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 148; Donisthorpe, 1927b: 403; Borgmeier, 1934: 111; Menozzi, 1935b: 202; Santschi, 1936b: 207; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 256; Creighton, 1950a: 396; Kusnezov, 1952d: 197; Kempf, 1961b: 522; Kempf, 1970b: 341; Kempf, 1972a: 59; Hashmi, 1973: 82 (redescription); Zolessi, et al. 1988: 6; Brandão, 1991: 333.
    • Senior synonym of atriceps: Roger, 1862c: 285; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 4; Dalla Torre, 1893: 220; Forel, 1895b: 101; Emery, 1896d: 372; Forel, 1899c: 131; Santschi, 1913h: 42; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 148; Kusnezov, 1952d: 197; Hashmi, 1973: 83; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Replacement name: Formica atriceps Smith, F. 1858b: 44.
    • [Note: atriceps oldest junior synonym of abdominalis Fabricius (synonymy by Roger, 1862c: 285, confirmed by Hashmi, 1973: 83); hence atriceps first available replacement name (Bolton, 1995b: 83).]
  • atricipitoesuriens. Camponotus abdominalis var. atricipitoesuriens Dalla Torre, 1893: 220.
    • [First available use of Camponotus atriceps r. esuriens var. atricipitoesuriens Forel, 1879a: 77 (w.) MEXICO (Veracruz), HAITI; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 132; Emery, 1925b: 108; Kempf, 1972a: 61.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 87.
  • costaricensis. Camponotus abdominalis var. costaricensis Forel, 1899c: 132 (w.) COSTA RICA.
    • Menozzi, 1927d: 339 (q.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Emery, 1925b: 107.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1936b: 212; Kempf, 1972a: 61.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Forel, 1902b: 170; Forel, 1914e: 13; Emery, 1925b: 107; Menozzi, 1927c: 268; Menozzi, 1927d: 339; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 256.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 94.
  • cupiens. Camponotus abdominalis subsp. cupiens Forel, 1908c: 410 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Forel, 1911e: 290; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Emery, 1925b: 107; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Eidmann, 1936b: 94; Santschi, 1936b: 210 Santschi, 1939e: 328; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 95.
  • depressidens. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis st. depressidens Santschi, 1922c: 107 (s.w.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1925b: 107; Santschi, 1936b: 211; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 96.
  • epistomatus. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis st. epistomatus Santschi, 1936b: 208 (w.) COLOMBIA.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 97.
  • esuriens. Formica esuriens Smith, F. 1858b: 54 (s.w.) MEXICO (no state data).
    • Norton, 1868c: 1 (q.m.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 5;
    • combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Emery, 1925b: 107.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1863: 398; Norton, 1868a: 59; Norton, 1868c: 1; Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Cresson, 1887: 255; Dalla Torre, 1893: 229; Pergande, 1896: 862.
    • Subspecies of atriceps: Forel, 1879a: 76; Forel, 1885a: 340; Dalla Torre, 1893: 230.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 219 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 133; Forel, 1901h: 70; Forel, 1909a: 252; Emery, 1925b: 107; Kutter, 1931a: 62; Wheeler, W.M. 1934f: 138; Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 40; Santschi, 1936b: 213; Stitz, 1937: 135; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 83; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 98.
  • fuchsae. Camponotus abdominalis subsp. fuchsae Forel, 1908c: 409 (s.w.q.m.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Bruch, 1914: 228.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Bruch, 1914: 228; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Emery, 1925b: 108; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Santschi, 1936b: 213; Kusnezov, 1952d: 198; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • fulvacea. Formica fulvacea Norton, 1868a: 60, pl. 2, fig. 1 (s.w.) MEXICO (Veracruz).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Norton, 1868c: 2.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list) Forel, 1899c: 133; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Status as species: Norton, 1868c: 2.
    • Subspecies of esuriens: Dalla Torre, 1893: 230.
    • Junior synonym of esuriens: Forel, 1879a: 76; Forel, 1885a: 340.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Mayr, 1870a: 377; Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • fumata. Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) abdominalis var. fumata Stitz, 1933: 71 (w.) VENEZUELA.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Santschi, 1936b: 209; Kempf, 1972a: 59.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • laevilata. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis var. laevilata Santschi, 1922c: 108 (s.q.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Santschi, 1936b: 209; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1925b: 107.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • mediopallidus. Camponotus abdominalis r. mediopallidus Forel, 1901h: 70.
    • [First available use of Camponotus abdominalis r. ustulatus var. mediopallidus Forel, 1899c: 132 (w.q.) COLOMBIA; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, W.M. 1918b: 26.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Forel, 1902b: 170; Forel, 1907a: 34; Crawley, 1916b: 376; Santschi, 1922c: 107; Emery, 1925b: 108; Borgmeier, 1934: 111; Santschi, 1936b: 209; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • rabidus. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis st. rabidus Santschi, 1922c: 107 (s.w.q.) PERU.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1925b: 108; Santschi, 1936b: 214; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • romani. Camponotus (Myrmothrix) abdominalis subsp. romani Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1925b: 108; Borgmeier, 1927c: 149; Santschi, 1936b: 215; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • stercorarius. Camponotus atriceps r. stercorarius Forel, 1885a: 340 (w.q.m.) GUATEMALA.
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 196 (l.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Crawley, 1916b: 376.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 253.
    • Subspecies of atriceps: Emery, 1890b: 56; Emery, 1894k: 61.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 219 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 133; Forel, 1901h: 70; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 276; Forel, 1908b: 71; Forel, 1908e: 62; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 349; Crawley, 1916b: 376; Forel, 1922: 99; Mann, 1922: 53; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 5; Emery, 1925b: 108; Donisthorpe, 1927b: 404; Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 28; Santschi, 1936b: 213; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • taeniatus. Camponotus taeniatus Roger, 1863a: 149 (q.) MEXICO (no state data).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1863: 459.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 220; Forel, 1899c: 131; Santschi, 1913h: 42; Emery, 1925b: 107; Kempf, 1972a: 59; Hashmi, 1973: 82.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Mayr, 1870a: 378 (in text); Forel, 1879a: 76; Forel, 1895b: 101; Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • transvectus. Camponotus abdominalis subsp. transvectus Wheeler, W.M. 1910d: 326 (s.w.q.m.) U.S.A. (Texas).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Emery, 1925b: 108.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, 1925b: 108; Santschi, 1936b: 213; Creighton, 1950a: 396; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 844; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1431.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • ustulatus. Camponotus atriceps r. ustulatus Forel, 1885a: 339 (s.w.) GUATEMALA.
    • Santschi, 1936b: 211 (q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Emery, 1925b: 108.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Forel, 1914e: 13 (in text).
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 255.
    • Subspecies of abdominalis: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 219 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1899c: 132; Wheeler, W.M. 1907a: 276; Wheeler, W.M. 1918b: 26; Emery, 1925b: 108; Santschi, 1936b: 211; Kempf, 1972a: 61.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 82; Brandão, 1991: 334.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.
  • vulpinus. Camponotus vulpinus Mayr, 1862: 658, 770 (w.q.) VENEZUELA, MEXICO (no state data).
    • Junior synonym of esuriens: Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1870a: 377 (in text); Forel, 1879a: 76; Forel, 1885a: 340; Dalla Torre, 1893: 229; Emery, 1896d: 372; Pergande, 1896: 862; Emery, 1925b: 108; Kempf, 1972a: 60.
    • Junior synonym of abdominalis: Hashmi, 1973: 83.
    • Junior synonym of atriceps: Bolton, 1995b: 86.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 20, 2n = 40, karyotype = 4M+36A (Brazil) (Mariano et al., 2001).

References

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