AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Brunella
Forel, 1917
Type species
Aphaenogaster belti, now Malagidris belti

Aphaenogaster belti casent0101063 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster belti casent0101063 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This taxon is a junior homonym and has been replaced by Malagidris.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • BRUNELLA [junior homonym, see Malagidris]
    • Brunella Forel, 1917: 234. Type-species: Aphaenogaster belti, by monotypy.
    • Brunella junior synonym of Atopula: Emery, 1924d: 242; Donisthorpe, 1943f: 629.
    • Brunella junior synonym of Aphaenogaster: Bolton, 1982: 364; Bolton, 1994: 106.
    • Brunella revived from synonymy: Bolton & Fisher, 2014: 16.


  • Bolton, B. 1982. Afrotropical species of the myrmecine ant genera Cardiocondyla, Leptothorax, Melissotarsus, Messor and Cataulacus (Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology, 46: 307-370 (page 364, Brunella as junior synonym of Aphaenogaster)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Brunella as junior synonym of Aphaenogaster)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 230, Brunella as junior synonym of Aphaenogaster)
  • Bolton, B. & Fisher, B.L. 2014. The Madagascan endemic myrmicine ants related to Eutetramorium (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): taxonomy of the genera Eutetramorium Emery, Malagidris nom. n., Myrmisaraka gen. n., Royidris gen. n., and Vitsika gen. n. Zootaxa 3791, 1–99.
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 80, Brunella incertae sedis in Myrmicinae (anachronism))
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 629, Brunella in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini; Brunella as junior synonym of Atopula)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 242, Brunella in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini; Brunella as junior synonym of Atopula)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 234, 245, Brunella in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1985b. A simplified conspectus of the Formicidae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 111: 255-264 (page 259, Brunella incertae sedis in Formicidae (anachronism, incomprehensible entry))
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 663, Brunella in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini)