Brachymyrmex cordemoyi

Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Revision as of 12:43, 31 October 2019 by SShattuck (talk | contribs) (Update distribution based on regional taxon lists)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brachymyrmex cordemoyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmelachistini
Genus: Brachymyrmex
Species: B. cordemoyi
Binomial name
Brachymyrmex cordemoyi
Forel, 1895

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi casent0057420 profile 1.jpg

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi casent0057420 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Brachymyrmex cordemoyi is widespread and known from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, the USA, Venezuela, and it has been introduced in New Caledonia, Seychelles, Vanuatu, Solomon Island, Saudi Arabia (Sharaf et al., 2016), Europe, and Asia (Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Comoros, Saudi Arabia, United Republic of Tanzania.
Australasian Region: New Caledonia.
Indo-Australian Region: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.
Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion (type locality), Seychelles.
Nearctic Region: United States.
Neotropical Region: Argentina (type locality), Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Sharaf et al. (2016) discuss this species introduced to Saudi Arabia: This species was found nesting in soil at the base of a date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in King Saud University campus, Riyadh. Specimens were collected by sifting the soil which was a mixture of sandy clay, with much decaying organic material. Workers were found about 8 cm deep in the soil. Other ant species collected with B. cordemoyi included: Solenopsis saudiensis, Nylanderia jaegerskioeldi Tapinoma simrothi and Cardiocondyla mauritanica.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cordemoyi. Brachymyrmex patagonicus var. cordemoyi Forel, 1895a: 49 (w.) REUNION I. Emery, 1906c: 180 (q.m.). Raised to species: Emery, 1906c: 179. Subspecies of patagonicus: Forel, 1908c: 399; Forel, 1912k: 165; Santschi, 1912e: 533. Revived status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1036; Emery, 1925b: 41. Current subspecies: nominal plus distinctus.
  • brevicornis. Brachymyrmex brevicornis Emery, 1906c: 180, figs. 38, 40, 41 (w.q.m.) ARGENTINA.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019: 37.
    • See also: Quirán, 2005: 765.
  • brevicornoeides. Brachymyrmex patagonicus var. brevicornoeides Forel, 1914d: 287 (w.q.m.) ARGENTINA.
    • Junior synonym of nigricans: Santschi, 1923b: 657 [brevicornoeides has priority as senior name, nigricans is its junior synonym: Bolton, 1995b: 81.]
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019: 37.
  • distinctus. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi var. distincta Santschi, 1923b: 658, figs. 6, 50, 59 (w.q.) ARGENTINA.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019: 38.
  • fuscula. Brachymyrmex levis var. fuscula Emery, 1906c: 178 (w.q.) ARGENTINA.
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019: 37.
  • nigricans. Brachymyrmex cordemoyi var. nigricans Santschi, 1916e: 395 (w.) ARGENTINA.
    • [First available use of Brachymyrmex patagonicus st. cordemoyi var. nigricans Santschi, 1912e: 533; unavailable name.]
    • Raised to species: Santschi, 1923b: 657.
    • Junior synonym of brevicornoeides: Santschi, 1923b: 657 [nigricans incorrectly given as senior name, brevicornoeides has priority].
    • Junior synonym of cordemoyi: Ortiz-Sepulveda et al., 2019: 37.

Taxonomic Notes

Deyrup, Davis & Cover (2000) report a single collection of this species (as B. brevicornis) from Columbia County, Florida, in a mesic forested area. However, the identity of this species is problematical and the occurrence of this taxon in Florida needs to be confirmed.

Description

References