Aphaenogaster gibbosa

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Aphaenogaster gibbosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: gibbosa
Species: A. gibbosa
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster gibbosa
(Latreille, 1798)

Aphaenogaster gibbosa antweb1008051 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster gibbosa antweb1008051 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant was observed on larvae of [1] that were feeding on Erophaca baetica in Sierra Morena, southern Spain (Obregon et al. 2015).


A member of the Aphaenogaster gibbosa-group.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Bulgaria, France (type locality), Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Gonçalves et al (2017) found Aphaenogaster gibbosa to be abundant in the Iberian vineyards they sampled (pitfall trapping).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • gibbosa. Formica gibbosa Latreille, 1798: 50 (w.m.) FRANCE. Emery, 1908c: 333 (q.). Combination in Aphaenogaster: Dalla Torre, 1893: 107; in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Emery, 1895c: 303; in Aphaenogaster: Emery, 1908c: 332; in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Menozzi, 1921: 26. Subspecies of testaceopilosa: Emery & Forel, 1879: 463; of subterranea: Dalla Torre, 1893: 107; Emery, 1895b: 71. Revived status as species: Emery, 1908c: 332. See also: Emery, 1916b: 130; Bondroit, 1918: 157; Santschi, 1923f: 328; Stitz, 1939: 116; Kutter, 1977c: 78; Attanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 109. Senior synonym of striola: Emery, 1895c: 303; of barcinensis, laevior Forel: Collingwood, 1978: 67; of chorassanica, muschtaidica: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 212. Current subspecies: nominal plus fiorii, homonyma.
  • striola. Atta striola Roger, 1859: 252 (w.m.) SPAIN. Emery, 1869b: 17 (q.). Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29. Junior synonym of gibbosa: Emery, 1895c: 303.
  • laevior. Aphaenogaster striola var. laevior Forel, 1892g: 453 (w.) SPAIN. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of laevior Emery, above.] Subspecies of gibbosa: Emery, 1908c: 334. Junior synonym of gibbosa: Collingwood, 1978: 67.
  • barcinensis. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) gibbosa var. barcinensis Menozzi, 1922b: 325 (w.q.) SPAIN. Junior synonym of gibbosa: Collingwood, 1978: 67.
  • chorassanica. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) gibbosa subsp. chorassanica Arnol'di, 1968: 1805 (w.q.m.) TURKMENIA. Junior synonym of gibbosa: Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 212.



  • n = 11; 16; 17, 2n = 34, karyotype = 4M+2SM+4ST+6T; 6M+4SM+8ST+16T (Switzerland) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983; Lorite et al., 2000; Palomeque et al., 1993b) (this karyotype is reported as fusion of two telocentric chromosomes).


  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 109, see also)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 157, see also)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 67, senior synonym of barcinensis and laevior)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 107, combination in Aphaenogaster, subspecies of subterranea)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S.; Zabelin, S. I. 1990 [1989]. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkhabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp. (page 212, senior synonym of chorassanica and muschtaidica)
  • Emery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 257-360 (page 303, combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster), senior synonym of striola)
  • Emery, C. 1895n. Sopra alcune formiche della fauna mediterranea. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:59-75 (page 71, subspecies of subterranea)
  • Emery, C. 1908d. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.) III. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungengruppe. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 305-338 (page 333, queen described; page 332, combination in Aphaenogaster, revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 130, see also)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 463, race of testaceopilosa)
  • Gomez, K., Martinez, D., Espadaler, X. 2018. Phylogeny of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Iberian Peninsula, with the description of a new species. Sociobiology 65(2): 215-224 (doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v65i2.2099).
  • Goncalves, F., V. Zina, C. Carlos, L. Crespo, I. Oliveira, and L. Torres. 2017. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Spiders (Araneae) Co-occurring in the Ground of Vineyards from Douro Demarcated Region. Sociobiology. 64:404-416. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v64i4.1934
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 78, see also)
  • Latreille, P. A. 1798. Essai sur l'histoire des fourmis de la France. Brive: F. Bourdeaux, 50 pp. (page 50, worker, male described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1921. Formiche dei dintorni di Sambiase di Calabria. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 15: 24-32 (page 26, combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma))
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Salata, S., Borowiec, L. 2018. Redescription of Aphaenogaster muschtaidica Emery, 1908 with a key to gibbosa species group. Asian Myrmecology 10, e010002, pp. 1-15 (DOI 10.20362/am.010002).
  • Santschi, F. 1923f. Messor et autres fourmis paléarctiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 30: 317-336 (page 328, see also)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 116, see also)