Tetraponera aethiops

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Tetraponera aethiops
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Tetraponera
Species: T. aethiops
Binomial name
Tetraponera aethiops
Smith, F., 1877

MCZ ENT Tetraponera-aethiops hal.jpg

MCZ ENT Tetraponera-aethiops had.jpg

Specimen Label




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, South Africa (type locality), Uganda.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


This species is an specialist inhabitant of the antplant Barteria fistulosa MASTERS, 1871.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • aethiops. Tetraponera aethiops Smith, F. 1877b: 71 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Santschi, 1911g: 207 (m.); Forel, 1913c: 352 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1956: 392 (l.). Combination in Sima: Dalla Torre, 1893: 53; in Sima (Pachysima): Emery, 1912b: 97; in Pachysima: Wheeler, W.M. 1918c: 305; in Tetraponera: Ward, 1990: 487. Senior synonym of spininoda: Emery, 1912b: 97; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 801. See also: Arnold, 1916: 175; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 114.
  • spininoda. Sima spininoda André, 1892a: 51 (w.q.) GABON. Junior synonym of aethiops: Emery, 1912b: 97.



  • André, E. 1892a. Matériaux myrmécologiques. Rev. Entomol. (Caen) 11: 45-56 PDF
  • Arnold, G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 159-270 (page 175, see also)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (Catalogue)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 53, Combination in sima)
  • Emery, C. 1912b. Études sur les Myrmicinae. [I-IV.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 56: 94-105 (page 97, Combination in Sima (Pachysima))
  • Emery, C. 1912b. Études sur les Myrmicinae. [I-IV.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 56: 94-105 (page 97, Senior synonym of spininoda)
  • Forel, A. 1913c. Fourmis de Nigérie. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 2: 352-353 (page 352, queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1911g. Nouvelles fourmis du Congo et du Benguela. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 1: 204-217 (page 207, male described)
  • Smith, F. 1877b. Descriptions of new species of the genera Pseudomyrma and Tetraponera, belonging to the family Myrmicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1877: 57-72 (page 71, worker described)
  • Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Syst. Entomol. 15: 449-489 (page 487, Combination in Tetraponera)
  • Ward, P.S. 2006. The ant genus Tetraponera in the Afrotropical region: synopsis of species groups and revision of the T. ambigua-group. Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8: 119-130. PDF
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1956. The ant larvae of the subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 49: 374-398 (page 392, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1918c. A study of some ant larvae, with a consideration of the origin and meaning of the social habit among insects. Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. 57: 293-343 (page 305, Combination in Pachysima)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922b. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 39-269 (page 114, see also)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 801, Senior synonym of spininoda)