Tetramorium jordani nests in sandy soils, with nests located either at the base of plants or with the entrance in the open, away from plants. The nest usually has a crater of soil around the entrance. In sand dunes of the Namib Desert, the tunnels inside the nest have crust-like walls to stop sand from falling in, and the entrance of one nest observed was funnel shaped due to the crust-like lining and the fact that the loose sand around the entrance was blown away by the wind. The species has been collected using yellow pan traps, pitfall traps and hand collecting. Tetramorium jordani feeds on seeds. (Mbanyana et al. 2018)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Mbanyana et al (2018) - Tetramorium jordani is the only species in the T. solidum group with the combination of no propodeal spines (the propodeum is only angulated with PSLI 1–3) and a hairless body. The only other species without propodeal spines is Tetramorium brigitteae, which has erect hairs covering the entire body.
Keys including this Species
- Key to Afrotropical Tetramorium solidum species group
- Key to Afrotropical Tetramorium solidum species group (Outdated)
Arid regions of South Africa (Western Cape and Northern Cape) and Namibia
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
An arid habitat species that has been collected in Succulent Karoo, Namib Desert, Lowland Fynbos and Renosterveld, Montane Fynbos and Renosterveld and Nama Karoo.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- jordani. Tetramorium jordani Santschi, 1937a: 62 (w.) NAMIBIA. Senior synonym of aspinatum: Bolton, 1980: 248.
- aspinatum. Tetramorium aspinatum Prins, 1973: 12, figs. 10-13, 29 (w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of jordani: Bolton, 1980: 248.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Mbanyana et al (2018) - (N = 13) HL 0.974–1.135 (1.071); HW 0.915–1.121 (1.064); SL 0.777–0.846 (0.795); EL 0.256–0.295 (0.266); PH 0.364–0.492 (0.453); PW 0.593–0.734 (0.673); WL 1.072–1.170 (1.158); PSL 0.010–0.030 (0.017); PTH 0.305–0.364 (0.340); PTL 0.285–0.334 (0.306); PTW 0.305–0.388 (0.342); PPH 0.452–0.555 (0.490); PPL 0.256–0.319 (0.289); PPW 0.416–0.492 (0.460); OI 23–28 (25); CI 94–109 (99); SI 69–85 (75); DMI 47–65 (58); LMI 32–44 (39); PSLI 1–3 (2); PeNI 48–56 (51); LPeI 85–94 (90); DPeI 104– 123 (112); PpNI 62–75 (68); LPpI 55–63 (59); DPpI 136–177 (159); PPI 122–150 (135).
Mbanyana et al (2018):
2 syntypes of Tetramorium jordan Santschi, 1937: Namibia: W of Maltahohe, 1500 m a.s.l., 12 Dec. 1933, K. Jordan leg. (The Natural History Museum: CASENT0901180; Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel: CASENT0915021).
syntypes of Tetramorium aspinatum Prins, 1973, 8 pinned workers, South Africa. Northern Cape, Port Nolloth, 20 Apr. 1963, J.J. Cillie leg. (SAM-ENT0011753).
- Bolton, B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 40: 193-384 (page 248, Senior synonym of aspinatum)
- Mbanyana, N., Hita Garcia, F., Robertson, H.G., Le Roux, J.J. 2018. A taxonomic revision of seed harvester ants of the Tetramorium solidum group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Africa. European Journal of Taxonomy 454: 1–59 (DOI 10.5852/ejt.2018.454).
- Santschi, F. 1937a. Glanure de fourmis éthiopiennes. Bull. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 77: 47-66 (page 62, worker described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bolton B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 40: 193-384.
- IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
- Marsh A. C. 1986. Checklist, biological notes and distribution of ants in the central Namib Desert. Madoqua 14: 333-344.
- Mbanyana N. 2013. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of seed-harvesting ants in the Tetramorium solidum-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Masters of Science in the Department of Botany and Zoology at Stellenbosch University 115 pages.
- Mbanyana N., F. Hita Garcia, H. G. Robertson, and J. J. Le Roux. 2018. A taxonomic revision of seed harvester ants of the Tetramorium solidum group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Africa. European Journal of Taxonomy 454: 1-59.
- Prins A. J. 1973. African Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in the South African Museum. Description of four new species and notes on Tetramorium Mayr. Annals of the South African Museum 62: 1-40.