Tetramorium azcatltontlium

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Tetramorium azcatltontlium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. azcatltontlium
Binomial name
Tetramorium azcatltontlium
Marques, Vásquez-Bolaños & Quesada, 2011

T azcatltontlium p 2011 a.jpg

T azcatltontlium d 2011 c.jpg

Marques et al. (2011) - Specimens were collected in a tropical dry forest remnant on the Pacific coast of Jalisco state, Mexico, into the region of Chamela. The landscape consists of low hills (50–180 m elevation) with steep convex slopes dominated by tropical dry forest. The climate is highly seasonal with a pronounced dry season. Individual workers were sampled by epigaeic pitfall traps baited with sardine and honey.

Identification

Marques et al. (2011) - A member of the T. tortusum species group. The species of this tortuosum group are primarily distributed in rainforests and temperate forests of high altitude from Mexico and U.S. (Bolton 1979; Vásquez-Bolaños 2007). T. azcatltontlium is the first known from tropical dry forest.

T. azcatltontlium is smaller than any other species of the tortosum group from America. Tetramorium placidum have HW 0.66-0.72 mm and TL 3.4 mm, T. azcatltontlium has HW 0.58-0.68 mm and TL 2.8 mm. Unlike T. placidum, the new species have short, triangular and standing propodeal spines; rugolose dorsal surface of the petiole; and sparse pilosity in dorsal surface of alitrunk.

Distribution

Jalisco, Mexico.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 19.52416667° to 17.9933333°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Mexico (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • azcatltontlium. Tetramorium azcatltontlium Marques, et al. 2011: 118, figs. 1, 2 (w.) MEXICO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype (mm): TL 2.74, HL 0.70, HW 0.64, CI 91.4, SL 0.56, SI 87.5, PW 0.52, WL 0.84. Paratypes: TL 2.4-2.8, HL 0.62-0.76, HW 0.58-0.68, CI 82.9-97.1, SL 0.48-0.56, SI 82.4-93.3, PW 0.42-0.50, WL 0.76-0.80, (15 measured).

Fig 2. Marques et al. 2011.

Mandibles triangular with longitudinal fine striations and 7 teeth on the masticatory border. Frontal carina extending beyond posterior margin of eye. The eyes are smaller than 25% of head length, diameter of 0.12 mm. The propodeal spines short, triangular, not reaching the node of the petiole. Head in dorsal view, longitudinal striate; mesosoma and petiole finely reticulated; postpetiole without ornamentation; first gastral tergite without punctuation. In dorsal view, the pilosity of the body is sparse, short, thin and standing, the same diameter of eyes. The pilosity of scape and tibiae is shorter than diameter of the respective appendage. head, mesosoma, petiole, postpetiole and gaster uniform reddish-brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker, Mexico: Jalisco, La Huerta municipally, Cuixmala farm, epigaeic pitfall trap, 19°24’297”N 104°58’968”W, TDF, 180 m of altitude, 18 October 2009, Marques, T. col., deposited in Centro de Estudios en Zoología de la Universidad de Guadalajara Paratypes: 15 workers, Mexico: Jalisco, La Huerta municipally, Cuixmala farm, epigaeic pitfall trap, 19°24’297”N 104°58’968”W, TDF, 180 m of altitude, 18 October 2009, Marques, T. col., deposited in Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau (1), CZUG (7), Instituto de Ecología (1), Laboratório de Ecologia de Comunidades (1), Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (1), Instituto de Zoologia Agricola (1), University of Texas at El Paso Centennial Museum (1), Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo (1), Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History (1).

Etymology

The specific name is a junction from Nahuatl words “azcatl,” meaning ant, and “tontli,” small. This name alludes to the trait that most differentiates this species from any other Tetramorium tortuosum group. Nahuatl is the language spoken in Central Mexico since at least the seventh century C.E and was the language of the Aztecs.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Castano-Meneses, G., M. Vasquez-Bolanos, J. L. Navarrete-Heredia, G. A. Quiroz-Rocha, and I. Alcala-Martinez. 2015. Avances de Formicidae de Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.
  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133