Strumigenys pallestes

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Strumigenys pallestes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. pallestes
Binomial name
Strumigenys pallestes
Bolton, 1971

Strumigenys pallestes casent0900623 p 1 high.jpg

Strumigenys pallestes casent0900623 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

S. pallestes is one of the very few arboreal species of Strumigenys known from Africa. Numerous series have been collected from rot holes in tree trunks or branches, or from isolated workers wandering on the bark of a tree.

Identification

Bolton (1983) - A member of the Strumigenys marleyi-group. In the Afrotropical region only pallestes and Strumigenys marleyi share the strange mandibular shape and odd dentition of their group. The characters separating these two species are as follows:

pallestes marleyi
HW 0.38-0.44, HL 0.52-0.58. HW 0.48-0.50, HL 0.62-0.66.
Pronotal humeri with a single straight hair which is clavate apically and is directed laterally. Pronotal humeri without projecting hairs of any description.
Promesonotum at each side bordered by a longitudinal row of 4-5 short clavate standing hairs. Promesonotum not bordered by a row of standing hairs.
Metanotal groove not impressed. Metanotal groove feebly impressed.
Dorsum of petiole node weakly transversely striate. Dorsum of petiole node punctate.
Pronotal dorsum with longitudinal rugular sculpture. Pronotal dorsum reticulate-punctate, without rugular sculpture.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 6.25° to 6.25°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Ghana (type locality), Nigeria.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

pChart

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

pChart

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • pallestes. Strumigenys pallestes Bolton, 1971: 62, figs. 2, 3 (w.q.) GHANA. See also: Bolton, 1983: 383; Bolton, 2000: 599.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1983) - TL 2.0-2.2, HL 0.52-0.58, HW 0.38-0.44, CI 70-77, ML 0.18-0.21, MI 32-36, SL 0.24-0.26, SI 57-62, PW 0.24-0.30, AL 0.52-0.60 (20 measured).

Mandibles in full-face view broad basally and tapering towards the apices, the inner margin with a large basal lamellate lobe whose apex is directed posteriorly and is concealed by the clypeus when the mandibles are closed. External margins of mandibles with an accentuated basal angle, the blades enclosing a central vacuity at full closure, the vacuity broadest distally and tapering towards the base. Apical fork of each mandible consisting of a pair of spiniform teeth, lacking intercalary teeth or denticles. Ventral margin of lower fork tooth with a smaller adventitious tooth arising near its base, and with a minute denticle present basally between this adventitious tooth and the lower fork tooth. Each mandibular blade with 2 preapical teeth, the proximal the longest. Eyes not visible in full-face view, concealed by the projecting upper scrobe margins. Preocular notch absent, the ventral surface of the head without a preocular groove or impression. Eyes moderate in size, with 5-6 ommatidia in the greatest diameter, their maximum diameter equal to or only fractionally less than the maximum width of the scape. Antennal scapes weakly curved basally, slightly expanded and broadest at about the midlength, their leading edges with a row of curved spoon-shaped small hairs. Dorsum of head densely clothed with short broad flattened hairs which appear scale-like to short spatulate in full-face view, the upper scrobe margins densely fringed by hairs similar in shape and size to those on the leading edges of the scapes. Dorsum of head with a transverse row of 4 short standing hairs close to the occipital margin. Head reticulate-punctate everywhere. Pronotal humeri each with a laterally projecting straight clavate hair. Lateral margins of promesonotal dorsum with a row of 4-5 clavate hairs on each side, the first 1-2 of these curve towards the midline, the remaining 3 are more or less straight. Ground-pilosity of dorsal alitrunk like that on head but the hairs sparser, frequently somewhat smaller and slightly more elevated. Metanotal groove absent. Mesonotum not depressed posteriorly, instead the promesonotum forming a single more or less evenly curved surface in profile. Propodeal teeth subtended by broad convex infradental lamellae. Sides of alitrunk uniformly reticulate-punctate everywhere. Pronotal dorsum longitudinally rugulose, usually with punctures between the rugulae. Remainder of dorsal alitrunk densely reticulate-punctate. Dorsum of petiole node weakly transversely striate, the postpetiole smooth. Spongiform appendages of pedicel segments large, the petiole ventrally with a spongiform strip which is as deep as the peduncle. Ventral spongiform lobe of post petiole distinctly larger than the exposed area of the postpetiolar disc in profile, and larger than the lateral lobe. In dorsal view the postpetiole narrow, only slightly broader than the petiole. Basigastral costulae dense, radiating on each side of a central clear area. Dorsal surfaces of petiole, postpetiole and gaster with numerous short standing hairs which are clavate apically. Colour dull yellow to brownish yellow.

Type Material

Bolton (1983) - Holotype worker, paratype workers and female, GHANA: Eastern RegIon, New Tafo, Cocoa Res. lnst. Ghana, mossy rot hole in trunk of cocoa tree, 22.vii.1970 (B. Bolton) (The Natural History Museum; Museum of Comparative Zoology) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1971. Two new subarboreal species of the ant genus Strumigenys (Hym., Formicidae) from West Africa. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 107: 59-64.
  • Bolton B. 1983. The Afrotropical dacetine ants (Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 46: 267-416.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Medler J. T. 1980: Insects of Nigeria - Check list and bibliography. Mem. Amer. Ent. Inst. 30: i-vii, 1-919.
  • Taylor B. 1979. Ants of the Nigerian Forest Zone (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). III. Myrmicinae (Cardiocondylini to Meranoplini). Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria Research Bulletin 6: 1-65.