Strumigenys ignota

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Strumigenys ignota
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. ignota
Binomial name
Strumigenys ignota
Bolton, 2000

Strumigenys ignota casent0102610 profile 1.jpg

Strumigenys ignota casent0102610 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Strumigenys ignota.

Identification

Bolton (2000) – A member of the koningsbergeri complex in the Strumigenys koningsbergeri-group. See Strumigenys koningsbergeri.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo (type locality), Indonesia, Malaysia.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ignota. Strumigenys ignota Bolton, 2000: 844, figs. 445, 505 (w.) BORNEO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 2.8, HL 0.81, HW 0.70, CI 86, ML 0.34, MI 42, SL 0.43, SI 61, PW 0.34, AL 0.72. With characters of koningsbergeri-complex. Preocular concavity forms an extensive shallow depression on ventral surface of head. Upper scrobe margins not constricted above eye, only outer arc of eye visible in full-face view. Edge of upper scrobe margin with a row of 5-6 broad-based small triangular teeth, margin with a distinctly jagged appearance (more strongly developed in larger than in smaller workers). Depression across posterior vertex of head broad but very shallow. Pronotum without a pair of short standing hairs close to anterodorsal margin. Pronotal humeral hair elongate, stiffly straight and simple. A single erect pair of hairs on mesonotum. Katepisternum mostly smooth, metapleuron usually with a small smooth patch. Bullae of femoral glands present on middle and hind legs, oval to long-ovate, usually conspicuous. Lamella on propodeal declivity conspicuous. Standing hairs on first gastral tergite simple or weakly expanded and flattened toward the apex.

Paratype. TL 2.9, HL 0.83, HW 0.71, CI 86, ML 0.35, MI 42, SL 0.42, SI 59, PW 0.35, AL 0.76.

Dimensions of non-paratypic workers average smaller. HL 0.68-0.75, HW 0.58-0.64, CI 85-87, ML 0.30-0.33, MI 43-44, SL 0.37-0.39, SI 60-64 (4 measured).

Type Material

Holotype worker, Malaysia: Sarawak, Santubong, Kuching, v.1994 (Lobl & Burckhardt) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève). Paratype. 1 worker with same data as holotype (The Natural History Museum).

References

  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 844, figs. 445, 505 worker described)