Simopelta curvata

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Simopelta curvata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Simopelta
Species: S. curvata
Binomial name
Simopelta curvata
(Mayr, 1887)

Simopelta curvata casent0915937 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Simopelta curvata.

Identification

Mackay and Mackay (2008) - This species is nearly identical to Simopelta pergandei, being the same size and color. It can be separated by the four-toothed mandible (three toothed in P. pergandei). It can be separated from many of the other species with four mandibular teeth, by the presence of the narrow process on the anterior medial border of clypeus. It shares this characteristic with Simopelta laticeps and Simopelta mayri. It can be separated from S. laticeps by the nearly straight posterior margin of the head (strongly concave in S. laticeps). It is much smaller than S. mayri, and lacks the well defined, transverse striolae on the posterior half of the head, that are present in S. mayri.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Southern Brasil: Mato Grosso (Kempf, 1972); Santa Catarina (Borgmeier, 1950), interior of southern Brazil, São Paulo (Gotwald and Brown, 1966).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • curvata. Belonopelta curvata Mayr, 1887: 532 (w.) BRAZIL (Santa Catarina).
    • Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Mackay & Mackay, 2008: 300), paralectotype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: lectotype Brazil: Santa Catarina (no further data); paralectotypes with same data.
    • Type-depository: NMHW.
    • Combination in B. (Simopelta): Mann, 1922: 10;
    • combination in Belonopelta: Baroni Urbani, 1975b: 300 (in key);
    • combination in Simopelta: Wheeler, W.M. 1935d: 13; Bolton, 1995b: 383.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 43; Forel, 1895b: 116; Emery, 1901a: 44; Emery, 1911d: 88; Borgmeier, 1923: 72; Wheeler, W.M. 1935d: 13; Borgmeier, 1950a: 369; Kempf, 1964e: 48; Gotwald & Brown, 1967: 265; Kempf, 1972a: 230; Baroni Urbani, 1975b: 300 (in key); Brandão, 1991: 330; Bolton, 1995b: 383; Mackay & Mackay, 2008: 300 (redescription); Feitosa, 2015c: 99.
    • Distribution: Brazil.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Mackay and Mackay (2008) - The worker is a small (total length 3.5 mm), ferrugineous red species. The mandibles have four, well-developed teeth. The medial anterior border of the clypeus terminates in a sharp point, or a spatulate spine. The head is slightly widened anteriorly, and the posterior border is nearly straight. The eye is small (maximum diameter 0.03 mm), located about three maximum eye diameters from the anterior edge of the head. The scape is relatively short, and barely reaches the posterior lateral corner of the head. The mesosoma is broadly depressed at the metanotal suture, the petiole is relatively narrow when viewed in profile, with the anterior face being slightly concave.

Long (up to 0.15 mm), erect hairs are present on the mandibles, and on the ventral surface of the gaster. Shorter (0.03 mm) erect hairs are abundant on the head, mesosoma, petiole, and dorsum of the gaster. The hairs on the legs are nearly appressed to the surface.

The surface of the mandible is shiny and glossy, with scattered punctures, the dorsum of the head is covered with fine punctures, which are weakly arranged in transverses rows. The dorsum of the mesosoma has poorly defined, transverse striolae, similar striolae are present on the side of mesosoma, but are predominantly longitudinal. The petiole is finely striolate, and moderately to strongly shining. The gaster is slightly coriaceous and shining.

Type Material

Mackay and Mackay (2008) - Worker, Brasil: Santa Catarina (without locality) [lectotype and paralectotype workers seen, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna]

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Borgmeier T. 1950. A fêmea dichthadiiforme e os estádios evolutivos de Simopelta pergandei (Forel), e a descrição de S. bicolor, n. sp. (Hym. Formicidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 21: 369-380.
  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Dias N. S., R. Zanetti, M. S. Santos, J. Louzada, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2008. Interaction between forest fragments and adjacent coffee and pasture agroecosystems: responses of the ant communities (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Iheringia, Sér. Zool., Porto Alegre, 98(1): 136-142.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Gotwald W. H., Jr., and W. L. Brown, Jr. 1967. The ant genus Simopelta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 73: 261-277.
  • Kempf W. W. 1964e. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants. III. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 7: 45-71.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Lutinski J. A., F. R. Mello Garcia, C. J. Lutinska, and S. Iop. 2008. Ants diversity in Floresta Nacional de Chapecó in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria 38(7): 1810-1816.
  • Mackay W. P., and E. E. Mackay. 2008. Revision of the ants of the genus Simopelta Mann. Pp. 285-328 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1935. Ants of the genera Belonopelta Mayr and Simopelta Mann. Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro). 5: 8-19.