Pseudoneoponera insularis

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Pseudoneoponera insularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pseudoneoponera
Species: P. insularis
Binomial name
Pseudoneoponera insularis
(Emery, 1889)

Pachycondyla insularis casent0903889 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla insularis casent0903889 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies


At a Glance • Gamergate  

 

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 5.016666667° to -2.183333°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia, Singapore.
Oriental Region: Sri Lanka, Vietnam.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Colonies are extremely small (10 workers/colony). Most colonies have one gamergate (Ito 1993). However winged queens also exist in this species, and 1 colony in Bogor was found with a dealated queen (F. Ito pers. comm.). This suggests that gamergates can function as secondary reproductives, although most colonies are likely to multiply by fission.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • insularis. Bothroponera insularis Emery, 1889b: 495 (footnote) (w.) INDONESIA (Java).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Java, Ardjoeno.
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1900d: 667;
    • combination in Bothroponera: Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 55;
    • combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306;
    • combination in Pseudoneoponera: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 135.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 36; Emery, 1900d: 667; Forel, 1901f: 347; Forel, 1903a: 713; Forel, 1905c: 6; Emery, 1911d: 76; Forel, 1912n: 52; Forel, 1913k: 7; Viehmeyer, 1916a: 113; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 50; Bolton, 1995b: 306; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 57.
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Java, Mentawei, Sumatra), Malaysia (peninsula), Singapore, Sri Lanka.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus brevior.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Emery, C. "Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 20, no. 40 (1900): 661-722.
  • Forel A. 1901. Nouvelles espèces de Ponerinae. (Avec un nouveau sous-genre et une espèce nouvelle d'Eciton). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 9: 325-353.
  • Forel A. 1903. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part X. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 679-715.
  • Forel A. 1905. Ameisen aus Java. Gesammelt von Prof. Karl Kraepelin 1904. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 22: 1-26.
  • Forel A. 1912. Einige neue und interessante Ameisenformen aus Sumatra etc. Zool. Jahrb. Suppl. 15: 51-78.
  • Forel A. 1913k. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise nach Ostindien ausgeführt im Auftrage der Kgl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin von H. v. Buttel-Reepen. II. Ameisen aus Sumatra, Java, Malacca und Ceylon. Gesammelt von Herrn Prof. Dr. v. Buttel-Reepen in den Jahren 1911-1912. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 36:1-148.
  • Pfeiffer M., and D. Mezger. 2012. Biodiversity Assessment in Incomplete Inventories: Leaf Litter Ant Communities in Several Types of Bornean Rain Forest. PLoS ONE 7(7): e40729. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0040891
  • Pfeiffer M., and D. Mezger. 2012. Biodiversity Assessment in Incomplete Inventories: Leaf Litter Ant Communities in Several Types of Bornean Rain Forest. PLoS ONE 7(7): e40729. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041085
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Zryanin V. A. 2011. An eco-faunistic review of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). In: Structure and functions of soil communities of a monsoon tropical forest (Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam) / A.V. Tiunov (Editor). – M.: KMK Scientific Press. 2011. 277 р.101-124.