Pseudoneoponera insularis

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Pseudoneoponera insularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pseudoneoponera
Species: P. insularis
Binomial name
Pseudoneoponera insularis
(Emery, 1889)

Pachycondyla insularis casent0903889 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla insularis casent0903889 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


At a Glance • Gamergate  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia.
Oriental Region: Vietnam.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Colonies are extremely small (10 workers/colony). Most colonies have one gamergate (Ito 1993). However winged queens also exist in this species, and 1 colony in Bogor was found with a dealated queen (F. Ito pers. comm.). This suggests that gamergates can function as secondary reproductives, although most colonies are likely to multiply by fission.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • insularis. Bothroponera insularis Emery, 1889b: 495 (footnote) (w.) INDONESIA (Java). Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1900d: 667; in Bothroponera: Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 55; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306; in Bothroponera: Joma & Mackay, 2013: 2; in Pseudoneoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 135. Current subspecies: nominal plus brevior.



  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 306, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1889c. Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 27[=(2)(7): 485-512 (page 495, (footnote) worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1900c. Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 40[=(2(20): 661-688 (page 667, Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera))
  • Ito, F. (1993) Functional monogyny and dominance hierarchy in the queenless ponerine ant Pachycondyla sp. in West Java, Indonesia. Ethology 95: 126-40
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1919f. The ants of Borneo. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 63: 43-147 (page 55, Combination in Bothroponera)