Poneracantha lineolata

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Poneracantha lineolata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ectatomminae
Tribe: Ectatommini
Genus: Poneracantha
Species: P. lineolata
Binomial name
Poneracantha lineolata
(Brown, 1993)

Gnamptogenys lineolata P casent0179965.jpg

Gnamptogenys lineolata D casent0179965.jpg

Poneracantha lineolata is known from two Dominican Republic provinces. Bill Brown (1993) provided these details about the type material: "1100 m, broad-leaf valley forest with some pine, 2 workers under large stone in soil, plus 5 workers taken from berlesates of leaf litter; 2 foraging workers from roadside quebrada (ravine) at about 1000 m in degraded forest remnant." Additional collections are from a range of forest types. This along with nesting details (located under rocks, in downed wood and under an epiphyte) suggest this species prefers mesophilic sites and opportunistically nests in and under objects.


A member of the rastrata complex (in the rastrata subgroup of the rastrata species group). Head in frontal view subquadrate, scapes smooth and shining; mandibles denticulate; sculpturing of body striate, lacking propodeal denticle. (Lattke 1995)

This interesting species from central Hispaniola differs from the five previously described (endemic) Gnamptogenys and relatives from the island, two of them fossil in amber, by its combination of triangular mandibles, fairly large eyes, size, form of petiole, and fine, regular, costulate sculpture. P. lineolata seems to be a rather primitive species among both the Hispaniolan and the overall New World congeners. In Lattke (1993), P. lineolata would apparently fall into his rastrata group, and in his key it runs to couplet 54, where it agrees with rastrata in that the scape surpasses the vertexal margin by its apical width, but differs from rastrata in its larger size, finer sculpture, dentate mandibles, and quadrate head shape, among other things.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 19.35459998° to -1.80444°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Dominican Republic (type locality), Lesser Antilles.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • lineolata. Gnamptogenys lineolata Brown, 1993: 275, figs. 1, 2 (w.) DOMINICAN REPUBLIC.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 8 paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Dominican Republic: Prov. La Vega, (Parque Nacional) La Cienaga, 1100 m., 4.ii.1975, and 17.vii.1986 (W.L. Brown); paratypes: 6 workers with same data, 2 workers Prov. La Vega, El Rio to Buneo, km. 22, ca 1000 m., (in or near Casabito Forest), 7.ii.1975, and 16.ii.1975 (W.L. & D.E. Brown).
    • [Note: Brown does not specify the date of collection of the holotype.]
    • Type-depositories: MCZC (holotype); BMNH, CUIC, MCZC, MIZA (paratypes).
    • Combination in Poneracantha: Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 11.
    • Status as species: Bolton, 1995b: 209; Lattke, 1995: 174; Lattke, et al. 2007: 263 (in key); Lubertazzi, 2019: 116; Camacho, et al. 2020: 461 (in key); Camacho, Franco, Branstetter, et al. 2022: 11.
    • Distribution: Dominican Republic.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Brown 1993. Scale line equals 1.0 mm.


A medium-small species (head width about 1.2, WL near 1.6 mm) with sides of head subparallel and feebly convex; eyes gently convex, EL almost one-fifth HL, situated distinctly behind mid-HL; vertexal margin weakly concave. Mandibles triangular, basal margin oblique, meeting the apical margin at an obtuse angle with a tooth, one of a short series of spaced, uneven, low teeth on the apical margin; blades striate to near apex. Apron of free clypeal margin straight, with rounded lateral corners; a narrow triangular space is left between the margin and the basal mandibular margins at full closure. Antennal scapes surpassing vertexal margin by about their apical thickness in fullface view; scapes smooth and shining, with spaced punctulae. Promesonotal suture arcuate, impressed, but not breaking the integumental surface; metanotal groove broad, impressed, so that the side-view dorsal outline of the alitrunk is gently convex at the promesonotum, and slightly lower and more feebly convex over the propodeal dorsum; declivity of propodeum rounding into dorsum, with a low, obtuse suggestion of a propodeal tooth barely perceptible on each side above mid-height; propodeal spiracle slightly raised, its round opening directed caudolaterad, placed very near the declivity near mid-height. Petiole thick but raised, node back-tilted, apex strongly rounded and highest caudad, broader than long; subpetiolar process triangular, with acute apex directed forward. Prora trailing a prominent carina caudad; constriction between A3 and A4 distinct, but moderate; T4 arched, so that $4 is moderately reduced, and the apical segments of the gaster are directed ventrad and slightly anteriad. Sculpture moderately shining, consisting mostly of very fine, regular, longitudinal striation over dorsal surfaces of head, alitrunk and gaster, arched over petiolar node, about 30-33 costulae between frontal carinae. Color brownish black to yellowish brown, the lighter examples often infuscate dorsad; appendages brown to yellowish.

Holotype worker: TL 5.6, HL 1.20, HW 1.14 (CI 94), ML 0.52 (MI 43), SL 1.00 (SI 88), EL 0.22, WL 1.70, metafemur L 1.20, metatibia L 1.00 mm. Worker paratypes (n=9): TL 5.2-5.8, HL 1.19-1.30, HW 1.11-1.19 (CI 90-96) mm.

further description: Although the sides of the head are approximately parallel in full-face view, the anterior part is actually very slightly wider at about halfway between the eye and the anterior corner of the head; vertexal outline, while weakly concave mesad, is filled in by the convex outline of the nuchal rim behind it. The frontal lobes are moderately expanded, but do not cover all of the antennal insertions. The comb of stiff hairs in the basitarsal concavity opposing the strigil of the fore leg lacks a longer, specialized, stiff seta present in some other Gnamptogenys species.

Type Material

REPUBLICA DOMINICANA, Prov. La Vega: (Parque Nacional) La Cienaga, 1100 m., broad-leaf valley forest with some pine, 7 workers: 2 workers under large stone in soil, plus 5 workers taken from berlesates of leaf litter at the same general locality of 4 February 1975 and 17 July 1986 (sort made 19 July), leg. W. L. Brown. Prov. La Vega, E1 Rio to Bonao, Km 22 (in or near Casabito Forest), 2 foraging workers from roadside quebrada at about 1000 m in degraded forest remnant, 7 and 16 February 1975, leg. W. L. and D. E. Brown. Holotype in MCZ-Cambridge, paratypes in MCZ, CUIC-Ithaca, BMNH-London. Coll. J. Lattke, Caracas.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1993. Two new species of Gnamptogenys, and an account of millipede predation by one of them. Psyche (Camb.) 99: 275-289.
  • Fernández F., and T. M. Arias-Penna. 2008. Las hormigas cazadoras en la región Neotropical. Pp. 3-39 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Forel A. 1908. Catálogo systemático da collecção de formigas do Ceará. Boletim do Museu Rocha 1(1): 62-69.
  • Lattke J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 4: 137-193
  • Perez-Gelabert D. E. 2008. Arthropods of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti): A checklist and bibliography. Zootaxa 1831:1-530.