Pheidole orbica

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Pheidole orbica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. orbica
Binomial name
Pheidole orbica
Forel, 1893

Pheidole orbica casent0908294 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole orbica casent0908294 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


P. orbica may be a native species on St. Vincent and is likely local in distribution; Stefan Cover and I did not encounter it during a week’s collecting on the neighboring island of Grenada. H. H. Smith (in Forel 1893j) found it rare on St. Vincent, in well-developed forest, nesting in pieces of rotting wood on the ground, under stones in the soil, or, in one case, beneath sod on a stone. Each colony contained several hundred individuals. (Wilson 2003)


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


From Wilson (2003): Known from St. Vincent, West Indies, and from Arroyo, Puerto Rico, col. J. A. Torres.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 18.002° to 18.002°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.








The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • orbica. Pheidole orbica Forel, 1893g: 415 (s.w.q.m.) ANTILLES. See also: Wilson, 2003: 480.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


DIAGNOSIS A member of the “flavens complex” within the larger flavens group, consisting of Pheidole asperithorax, Pheidole breviscapa (=Pheidole perpusilla), Pheidole exigua, Pheidole flavens, Pheidole nuculiceps, Pheidole orbica and Pheidole sculptior, as well as the less similar Pheidole nitidicollis and species placed close to it (see under nitidicollis), differing by the following combination of traits.

Major: occiput and entire body behind the head smooth and shiny; shallow antennal scrobes present, their surfaces partly carinulate and foveate and subopaque; a small patch of rugoreticulum present just laterad to the circular carinulae of the antennal fossae; longitudinal carinulae originating on the frontal lobes reach almost to the occiput, and those just mesad to the eye reach to halfway between the eye and occipital corner; promesonotum in side view forms a near-perfect semicircle; apex of petiolar node in side view acute.

Minor: except for sparse circular carinulae around the antennal fossae, head and body entirely smooth and shiny.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.82, HL 0.88, SL 0.42, EL 0.10, PW 0.38. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.40, HL 0.40, SL 0.36, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.

COLOR Major: body variably brownish yellow to light reddish brown.

Minor: body yellowish brown, appendages clear yellow.

Pheidole orbica Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

ST. VINCENT, WEST INDIES, col. H. H. Smith. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L orbica, circular, possibly referring to the semicircular profile of the promesonotum. (Wilson 2003)


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Galkowski C. 2016. New data on the ants from the Guadeloupe (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 151, 44(1): 25-36.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Wheeler W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 79-135.
  • Wilson, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Genus. Harvard University Press