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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmopsamma
Forel, 1914
Type species
Camponotus mystaceus

Camponotus mystaceus casent0905188 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus mystaceus casent0905188 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Mustachioed Carpenter Ants

Diagnosis: Emery (1925): "Workers - Large yellow species; caste dimorphism pronounced. Head of major wider than long, with rounded sides and posteriorly emaringate; head of minor workers longer than broad, with sides fairly straight, and posterior margin convex. Clypeus very short, neither carinate medially nor lobate anteriorly. Psammophore present: clypeus, near posterior margin, with transverse ridge bearing several long stiff setae; similar setae inserted along dorsal and ventral margins of mandibles, as well as tuft on prementum. Mandibles as in Myrmoxygenys. Palps short, thin, inconspicuous. Mesosomal dorsum continuously rounded in profile view. Petiolar node wedge-shaped. Queen.- (According to Forel) Similar to major worker. Male. - Black in color, bearing psammophore on clypeus, mandibles, and prementum. Mandibles subfalcate [linear].

Geographical distribution of species. - South Africa.

(Translated and edited by B. E. Boudinot, 15 Feb 2017.)

Myrmopsamma is currently a subgenus of Camponotus.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • MYRMOPSAMMA [subgenus of Camponotus]
    • Myrmopsamma Forel, 1914a: 261 [as subgenus of Camponotus]. Type-species: Camponotus mystaceus, by original designation.


  • Arnold, G. 1922. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part V. Myrmicinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 579-674 (page 612, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 116, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 246, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 70, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 261, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 250, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 708, Myrmopsamma as subgenus of Camponotus)