AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Photo Gallery

  • Eciton hamatum returning to her nest with raided ant brood. And to the left, a beetle (Ecitophya sp.) myrmecophile runs within the ant trail. Photo by Philipp Hönle.

There are six species in this myrmecophilous genus of Staphylinidae beetle.

List of Ecitophya and their Host Ants
Genus and species Author and Year Ant Host Distribution Notes
Ecitophya bicolor Reichensperger, 1933 Eciton burchellii Peru
Ecitophya consecta Mann, 1921 Eciton vagans COSTRA RICA, BRAZIL
Ecitophya gracilima Mann, 1925 Eciton hamatum Costa Rica host specific
Ecitophya rapaxae Mann, 1926 Eciton rapax Bolivia, Peru
Ecitophya rettenmeyeri Kistner & Jacobson, 1990 Eciton lucanoides Costa Rica
Ecitophya simulans Wasmann, 1889 Eciton burchellii foreli Costa Rica host specific


  • Akre, R.D. 1966. Behavior of Staphylinidae associated with army ants (Formi- cidae: Ecitonini). J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 39: 745-782.
  • Kistner, D. & H.Jacobson, 1990. Cladistic analysis and taxonomic revision of the ecitophilous tribe Ecitocharini with studies of their behavior and evolution (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Sociobiology 17(3): 333-465.
  • Mann, William M. 1926. New neotropical myrmecophiles. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 16(16): 448-455.
  • von Beeren, C., A. Bruckner, M. Maruyama, G. Burke, J. Wieschollek, and D. J. C. Kronauer. 2018. Chemical and behavioral integration of army ant-associated rove beetles - a comparison between specialists and generalists. Frontiers in Zoology. 15:15. doi:10.1186/s12983-018-0249-x