Crematogaster laestrygon

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Crematogaster laestrygon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. laestrygon
Binomial name
Crematogaster laestrygon
Emery, 1869

Crematogaster laestrygon casent0281538 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster laestrygon casent0281538 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This species was the only ant found right at the peak of Arabia's highest mountain, Djebel an-Nabi Shuaib, at 3750 m (Collingwood and Agosti 1996)


Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - This highland species varies in colour from totally dark to various shades of grey sometimes with a reddish tinge but can always be recognised by the strongly developed mesonotal keel and the very short dentate propodeal spines.

Keys including this Species


Sharaf et al. (2019): This species is originally described from Italy and widespread in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East (Borowiec 2014; Guénard et al. 2017; Janicki et al. 2017). The Arabian records are from the KSA and Yemen (Borowiec 2014; Collingwood 1985, Collingwood and Agosti 1996).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
Palaearctic Region: Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Georgia, Iberian Peninsula, Malta, Morocco, Spain, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • laestrygon. Crematogaster laestrygon Emery, 1869a: 135 (w.) ITALY (Sicily). De Stefani, 1889: 145 (q.); Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 43 (q.). Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 142; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Subspecies of scutellaris: Emery & Forel, 1879: 464; André, 1883b: 393; of schmidti: Emery, 1891b: 15; of auberti: Forel, 1902a: 154; Ruzsky, 1902d: 31; Stitz, 1917: 341; Santschi, 1921d: 70; Emery, 1922e: 142; Santschi, 1934f: 167. Status as species: Forel, 1909c: 104; Santschi, 1915a: 59; Emery, 1926: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 106; Santschi, 1936c: 201. Senior synonym of vaucheri: Collingwood, 1978: 69. Current subspecies: nominal plus airensis, atlantis, canariensis, diminuta, granulata, maura, striaticeps, submaura, theryi.
  • vaucheri. Crematogaster laestrygon subsp. vaucheri Emery, 1926: 2 (w.) MOROCCO. [First available use of Crematogaster auberti st. laestrygon var. vaucheri Santschi, 1921d: 71; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of laestrygon: Collingwood, 1978: 69.

Taxonomic Notes

Sharaf et al. (2019): This is a good example of a Crematogaster species with a complex and uncertain taxonomic situation. It is relatively widespread in the Mediterranean and Middle East and currently has nine subspecies. It is doubtful that they are conspecific and it is possible that this is a species complex.



  • André, E. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 393, Variety/subspecies of scutellaris)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964b. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. II. Formiche di Sicilia. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. (6) 16: 25-66 (page 43, queen described)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 69, Senior synonym of vaucheri)
  • Collingwood, C. A. and D. Agosti. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna Saudi Arabia. 15:300-385.
  • De Stefani, T. 1889. Miscellanea imenotterologica sicula. Nat. Sicil. 8: 140-145 (page 145, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1869a. Formicidarum italicorum species duae novae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 1: 135-137 (page 135, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 15, Variety/subspecies of schmidti)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 142, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia), Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Emery, C. 1926. Ultime note mirmecologiche. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 58: 1-9 (page 2, Status as species)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 464, Variety/subspecies of scutellaris)
  • Forel, A. 1902a. Les fourmis du Sahara algérien récoltées par M. le Professeur A. Lameere et le Dr. A. Diehl. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 46: 147-158 (page 154, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Forel, A. 1909c. Fourmis d'Espagne récoltées par M. O. Vogt et Mme Cécile Vogt, Docteurs en médecine. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 53: 103-106 (page 104, Status as species)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902d. Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 31, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Santschi, F. 1915a. Nouvelles fourmis d'Algérie, Tunisie et Syrie. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 6: 54-63 (page 59, Status as species)
  • Santschi, F. 1921d. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique du Nord. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 12: 68-77 (page 70, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Santschi, F. 1934f. Fourmis du Sahara central. Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 4: 165-177 (page 167, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Santschi, F. 1936c. Liste et descriptions de fourmis du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 198-210 (page 201, Status as species)
  • Sharaf, M.R., Aldawood, A.S., Hita Garcia, F. 2019. Review of the Arabian Crematogaster Lund (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), synoptic list, distribution, and description of two new species from Oman and Saudi Arabia. ZooKeys 898: 27–81 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.898.37531).
  • Stitz, H. 1917. Ameisen aus dem westlichen Mittelmeergebiet und von den Kanarischen Inseln. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 8: 333-353 (page 341, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1927g. The ants of the Canary Islands. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 62: 93-120 (page 106, Status as species)