Crematogaster ionia

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Crematogaster ionia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. ionia
Binomial name
Crematogaster ionia
Forel, 1911

Crematogaster ionia casent0179888 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster ionia casent0179888 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

There are only scarce data about the ecology of this species. We found them in mixed and pine forests, nesting under the stones or in humus, at the base of shrubs. Other authors (Forel, 1911; Müller, 1923; Zimmermann, 1934) found this species mostly in tree cavities. Workers are generalized omnivores. (Karaman 2010)

Identification

A member of the Crematogaster scutellaris group.

Karaman (2010) - TL= 4.2-5.0 mm. Body sculpture and hairiness are the same as in Crematogaster schmidti. Exception is the frontal triangle which is not completely smooth, but striated with 3-4 longitudinal striae. The head, thorax, appendages and petiole nodes dark reddish to brown, the head occiput and the first segment of the funiculus dark brown. Gaster dark-brown to black.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Karaman (2010) - Northern and eastern bank of Mediterranean Sea including islands in Aegean Sea. Altitude: 0-230 m a.s.l.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 42.763146° to 31.766667°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Croatia, Greece, Israel, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Turkey (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ionia. Crematogaster scutellaris var. ionia Forel, 1911d: 340 (w.q.) TURKEY, GREECE.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Turkey: Boudja, nr Smyrna (= Izmir), iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Coccarinali, nr Smyrna (= Izmir), iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Turkey: Izmid (Bithynia), iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Greece: Aivaly Peninsula, nr Mitylene, iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Greece: Kephirissa, nr Athens, iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Greece: Patras, iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel), Greece: Corfu I., iv.-v.1910 (A. Forel).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • [Misspelled as jonia by Finzi, 1928c: 789.]
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 144;
    • combination in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1912e: 656; Emery, 1915h: 1; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 170; Emery, 1922e: 144; Soudek, 1925b: 16; Santschi, 1926f: 287; Menozzi, 1928a: 127; Menozzi, 1933b: 61 (in key); Santschi, 1934d: 276; Menozzi, 1936d: 283; Santschi, 1937e: 311 (in key); Finzi, 1939c: 155.
    • Subspecies of scutellaris: Forel, 1913d: 430; Finzi, 1928c: 789; Finzi, 1930d: 313.
    • Subspecies of schmidti: Hamann & Klemm, 1976: 672.
    • Status as species: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 272 (in key); Kugler, J. 1988: 258; Collingwood, 1993b: 194; Bolton, 1995b: 155; Bračko, 2006: 135; Petrov, 2006: 94 (in key); Karaman, M.G. 2008: 20 (in key); Vonshak, et al. 2009: 42; Karaman, M.G. 2010: 428 (redescription); Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 23; Legakis, 2011: 13; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 488; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 18; Borowiec, L. 2014: 66; Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, 2014: 135; Lebas, et al. 2016: 274; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 5; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 44; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2020: 8.
    • Distribution: Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Montenegro, Serbia, Syria, Turkey.

Taxonomic Notes

Eastern populations of this species differ slightly from western ones and with great probability this taxon is a complex of two cryptic taxa. Until the revision of this species group the name C. ionia has been used for material from Jordan (Borowiec & Salata, 2020).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Karaman (2010) - TL 5.0mm, 4.9mm, 4.8mm; HW 1147.0, 1117.95, 989.75; HL 1063.75, 989.45, 948.12; CI 107.83, 112.98, 104.39; SL 823.02, 835.25, 758.6; SI 71.77, 74.71, 76.64; LM 1271.87, 1182.2, 1036; PS 231.25, 185.00, 171.13; A10 314.5, 333.0, 272.87; A9 171.13, 180.38, 161.87; A8 124.87, 134.12, 111.00; DBT 592.0, 518.0, 444.00; PW 411.63, 411.63, 333.00; PPW 337.62, 323.75, 291.37; PI 121.92, 127.14, 114.29; PPI 29.43, 28.96, 29.44; PnW 578.14, 568.87, 499.25.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Blaimer B. B. 2012. Acrobat ants go global – Origin, evolution and systematics of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 421-436.
  • Bolu H., and I. Ozgen. 2018. Some observation about Formicidae (Hymenoptera) in almond agroecosystems in East-Southeast Anatolian region of Turkey. Mun. Ent. Zool. 13(2): 495-498.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
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  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2018. Notes on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Samos Island, Greece. Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-13.
  • Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
  • Bracko, G.. "Review of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Croatia." Acta Entomologica Slovenica Vol 14 st (2006): 131-156.
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  • Forel, A.. "Fourmis de la faune méditerranéenne récoltées par MM. U. et J. Sahlberg." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 21 (1913): 427-438.
  • Hamann H. H. F., and W. Klemm. 1976. Ergebnisse der von Dr. O. Paget und Dr. E. Kritscher auf Rhodos durchgeführten zoologischen Exkursionen. XVI. Formicidae. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 80: 669-679.
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  • Karaman M. G. 2010. New data of the genus Crematogaster Lund, 1831 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Crna Gora (Montenegro), Part I: Crematogaster scutellaris group of species. Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 34 :419-434.
  • Karaman M. G. 2011. A catalogue of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Montenegro. Podgorica: Catalogues 3, Volume 2, Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, 140 pp.
  • Kiran K., and C. Karaman. 2012. First annotated checklist of the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3548: 1-38.
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  • Legakis Collection Database
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  • Salata S., and L Borowiec. 2017. Species of Tetramorium semilaeve complex from Balkans and western Turkey, with description of two new species of (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 62:279–313.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. A new species of the ant genus Lasius Fabricius, 1804 from Crete (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 789: 139–159.
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